Make gates for the garage with his hands - so to save on the purchase and installation of ready-made designs.Not surprisingly, that prospect seems quite attractive to many craftsmen.However, to realize this venture in life is not as easy as it might seem.In order to make really high quality, beautiful and reliable garage doors, have put a lot of effort.And they must be based on knowledge of all the features of assembly technology.
Constructive types of garage doors ↑
initially need to decide and choose the type of construction of garage doors.Their are several:
1. Swing. most ancient type of gate.They
2. Lifting and turning. When opening the door leaf is raised to the ceiling vertically.They are based on joint-lever mechanism.Gates is quite practical and convenient, does not occupy any space in front of the garage, not inside it.
3. Sectional. design includes sheet, consisting of sections.When opening they are refracted, rising to the ceiling with a special spring mechanism and system profiles.Important advantages of the gate - good sealing and space savings.
4. Sliding. opens like a wardrobe, ieshifted aside.
5. Rolling .They are similar to shutters.The plates are formed on the ceiling paintings in a special box.
As mentioned above - swinging doors make easier and cheaper than the others, so it is the technology of the assembly as the most viable option for the majority, we will consider.It is more difficult (though it is possible) make tilt-up and sliding doors.They will have to compulsorily buy the lifting gear that cost significantly more.
sale there are special kits for self-assembly of the gate with the instructions supplied.Sectional same Rolled gates for the garage is better to buy the factory and order the installation specialists.
requirements garage door ↑
When creating a makeshift structure, it is important to know that the quality gates have to meet certain requirements, namely:
1. To provide easy, unobstructed entry / exit.Their size should be optimized in accordance with the dimensions of vehicles.
1.1.From the side of the car and the distance to the goal post must be at & lt;30 cm. If the car is small, try as much as possible to increase the distance (in case you decide to purchase an SUV).
1.2.For ordinary car is considered optimal height of the gate of 2 meters.
1.3.Standard sizes of openings Garage: 2, 4 x 2,1 to 5,4 x 2,4 m.
2. Have durability and strength to be strong vzlomu.Naibolee garage doors made of galvanized steel sheet not thinner than 2.5 mm.Strengthen the gates is possible by means of overhead locks, intended for external pads, also using steel plates used for internal locks.
3. To provide protection against the harmful effects of the environment.Protection from wind, rain must provide mounting garage door.To secure a durable cloth should be used vertical constipation, which can prevent the gate bias.It is also recommended to use a gasket (it will provide optimum contact with the frame of leaflets).
How to make the gateway to the garage ↑
We buy tools and materials ↑
1. Steel corners for manufacturing carrier (mounting) frames
2. Sheathing (decking, forging, wood or sheet metal of your choice).
4. Profile (such as 60x30 or 60h20)
2. The Bulgarian
5. Welding machine
Making mounting frame ↑
Carrier (Fixing) frame made of steel angle.It has 2 parts - the inner and outer frame.
1. First, you need to measure the height and width of the opening.Important precision measurements, from which will depend on the installation of the finished frame.
2. Then, from the corner of square cross-section (with sides of 160 to 200 mm) to measure out and cut into desired billet elements for the outer frame.
3. Arrange them on a flat plane, put on the horizontal level (it is regulated pads) and align the corners.Adjust all angles, they sounded the diagonal.Thus, on a flat surface of the workpiece must be put in the exact form of the future frame.
4. Rama cook.To further the gate to the frame snugly as closely as possible, the outer side of it must be perfectly flat and smooth.For this zashlifovyvayut all welds using a grinder.
5. Next in the corners must be welded vertical "levers" (for this fit trim corner).It is necessary to ensure that spatial rigidity (r. E. Geometric immutability) of the frame.In this case, the area will not lead.
Making frame (crates) ↑
frame is required for the two swing open shutters.Subsequently, it will be attached to a metal sheet.In the manufacture of the frame can use a profile 60 × 20 mm.
1. Rama garage tube put on a flat surface facing up.
2. The guide insert into the frame, while carefully aligned arrangement on each side.
3. Make a gap between the chassis and the frame (≤ 20 mm) using inserts.It is necessary for the free movement of all valves.
4. Then should carefully check the frame angles and weld profiles welded.
Boarding Gate - a demanding job ↑
This is a very important and crucial stage, the quality of its performance will depend largely on the appearance and functionality of the design.
It is particularly important to know how to cook the gate to the garage right.Thus, the sequence of actions:
1. Cut the galvanized iron sheet size valves.Note that the left wing must be 1 or 2 cm overlap to go to the profile of the right valve.
2. Weld sheet in several places at the bottom (for fixing it to the frame).
3. Trim lining the right wing, which would have left about 1-2 cm (ie, sheet iron will not reach up to the distance to the edge of the profile).
4. Cook.To sheet is moved during the welding frame, it should be welded in the middle and at the corners of each side of a garage box.Upon completion of work the points cut off.Otherwise, one of the corners of the web may be curved outwardly.Fix it will be possible only by applying a sledgehammer.
top and bottom hinges ↑
Hinges should be prepared in advance.The lower hinge part should be welded to the frame, and an upper part welded to the outer leaf.It can be cut and bent metal strips (5-7 mm), thus reinforcing the connection.It is applied to the top of the loop, and also to the gate leaf.To enhance the strength of the hinge is suitable welded on the inner side of the reinforcement tab.
Installing locks ↑
on garage doors are usually installed a mortise, or padlock.It is advisable to use a powerful bolt and pin stoppers.With their help, you can close the gate from the inside, but it is necessary to have a door to the gate wing or in the wall of the garage.
Design stoppers: the ground hammered piece of pipe, which is immersed into the moving part of the stopper - rod.It is passed through the loop in the portal doors.For this design, the pipe need to continuously monitor, otherwise it can become clogged with dirt and snow.
Garage locks need to be careful, timely care.They must be protected from moisture (especially in frosty winter).After the freezing, the moisture will prevent the penetration of the key in the keyhole.More than others prone to freezing locks on garage with cylinder mechanism.Better use of locks with tubular key.
Also locks should be lubricated at least the conventional graphite powder of a pencil or a spindle and transformer oil.When using graphite powder rod must be removed from the pen, rub, and then to blow through the keyhole.
painting garage doors ↑
Paint gates, mainly in order to protect the fabric from damaging factors, damage, corrosion.At first they were primed, and then applied to a 2-layer paint on metal.
installation in stages ↑
1. First, set the inner and outer parts of the frame.They are attached to the soffit using metal pins 15-18 cm.
2. Then cut off the protruding ends of pins, scald carefully zashlifovyvayut grinder (so they do not prevent the door is closed), are colored.
3. The outer, inner frame fastened together with plates of metal (jumpers) to 4 cm. The plates are welded every 60 cm.
4. completes this phase of hanging the wings.
If desired swing structure can be equipped with an automatic, as in the video example of the gate, enclosing a personal site:
Warming swing garage door ↑
If metal gates are not warm, then heated garage through them will go up to 60% of heat.Therefore, they must be warm, placing on the inner surface of the wings wooden crate.Inside it is laid insulation - mineral wool, rock wool or polystyrene PSB-S.It is important not to leave any air spaces, carefully filling in the gaps.Five-centimeter layer of insulation would be sufficient.Top crate, close the facing plates or clapboard.Also inside you can hang a tarpaulin or plastic curtain.
repair and modernization ↑
Sometimes during the operation may require correction arrangement garage doors.
1. For example, if the opening / closing of the valves difficult due to too low of their location.In this case, the easiest way to solve the problem - to trim the bottom flaps grinder.
2. It may be that the size of the new machine the height of the opening is no longer suitable.There will have to spend more effort than in solving the first problem.The method is applicable only to brick garage: above the opening should knock 1-2 rows of masonry, then formed to strengthen the slope, must be raised the height of the frame on this.
Video: homemade tilt-↑
As you can see, construct makeshift gates to the garage more than real.However, the strength and knowledge will have to work.You must have at least a minimum set of building skills to make really high quality gates, which will be different Q and serve long.