High humidity in the garage threatens the emergence of mold and mildew on its walls, rotting wood structural members, rust and corrosion of the car body and other metal parts, and on the foundation it has a devastating effect.Usually, the cause of the humidity becomes poor waterproofing of the floor in the garage, which is to protect the premises from moisture and prevent cracking.We consider in this article, how to carry out this phase of construction.
Waterproofing during construction ↑
Since the construction of the garage, it should be remembered that it is much cheaper to immediately execute the correct waterproofing in compliance with all rules and recommendations, as already in the operation of facilities to deal with high humidity and at the same time eliminate all unp
If we talk specifically about the floors, they are much less likely to undergo reconstruction, than all the other elements, as this procedure is considered to be quite expensive and Finance, and the labor costs, therefore, the construction phase is not worth saving, better immediately acquire quality materialsthat can last for a long time.
«correct» building materials ↑
To prevent the water in the garage, you need to consider the choice of materials is very responsible.In no case should not be selected for the construction of expanded clay, foam and aerocrete and sand-lime brick.In principle, the bricks do not acquire any desirable since it does not refer to the waterproof material.If the humidity is small brick layer may still contain, then at constant backwater of groundwater quickly saturate with moisture and destroyed.That is why often used in the construction of the garage concrete.
In today's market there is a huge range of insulation materials, different stacking technology, cost and duration of use.Familiar in our region bituminous materials under normal use are up to 10-15 years, and the new polymer waterproofing virtually no wear, allowing you to lay their lifetime building.Also available a wide variety of membranes, but when they are buying, despite all the assurances of the sellers about the reliability and efficiency, it is necessary to take into account the thickness of the material can not be less than 1.5-2 mm.All superthin membranes are not suitable for waterproofing the floor of the garage.Besides this isolation it requires a great individual experience and specialized equipment, so do not even try to put it on their own.
The main types of waterproofing ↑
consider the basic types of waterproofing:
- plaster, or as it is called Obmazochnaya, is a thina layer of special solutions that prevent the penetration of moisture.
- Okleechnaya - roll or sheet materials, affixed to the hot mastic, such as bitumen.
- Penetrating the youngest kind of waterproofing.In this case, the treated surface is impregnated with water-repellent liquid solutions.
- powder waterproofing - is a cross between the first and third types.
General technology waterproofing floor ↑
Once the place to build a garage spaced, all the soil in the area thoroughly compacted.This prevents sediment during its operation.Now, on this platform, a layer of coarse sand thickness of about one meter, which must also be compacted.Next to the sand fit "layered" structure consisting of three layers of geotextile, while between the lower and middle need to pave the waterproofing material, and between the middle and the top - a layer of insulation.Now you are ready to deck floors.
The best thing to do in the garage concrete floor.To increase the resistance to damage it can be reinforced, with iron frame to cook that his design was inseparable.The thickness of the concrete layer should not be less than 15 cm.
General waterproofing garages ↑
first consider the garage, without a basement.In this case it is sufficient to prevent the penetration of moisture into the lower part of the walls around the perimeter of the building.To do this, performed horizontal waterproofing from two layers of roofing material, glued to the wall and to each other with hot bitumen mastic.This layer is required to be laid above ground at the junction of walls and foundations.
before a garage with basement waterproofing, be sure to take steps to prevent being hit by ground water and capillary moisture.To this end, the above method should be added to the vertical waterproofing exterior walls under the setting.As a rule, it is located at the bottom of the basement and captures the outer edge exterior basement walls.One of the most effective methods is considered applying to the outside of the foundation layer of cement and processing it with hot mastic in two layers.
When placing the basement floor below the level of the ground water there is a danger of its sinking.In this case, the process of waterproofing the basement floor and garage is somewhat complicated.After all the above steps to the bottom of the basement waterproofing taken basement floor should be concreted and align its surface way tie.Now you need to stick the two layers of the roll or sheet waterproofing bitumen, thus be sure to connect the hot mastic place of contact with the previously laid under the foundation of the garage layers of insulating material.Similarly connect vertical waterproofing applied on the outer surface of the outer walls, beneath the foundation.You can then proceed to sealing the floor of the garage.
Video: application of liquid rubber ↑
By sealing the floor in the garage should be taken seriously and it is better if it will comply with these professionals, so as soon as they are able to accommodate all terrain reliably prevent reheating facilities and eliminate high humidityin him.