In the old days many diseases were the result not so much underdeveloped medicine, many lack even the most minimal knowledge about the importance of sanitation and hygiene.The first step towards civilization was a device on the streets of sewage.Returns to the unenlightened past, and foul-smelling nobody hunting, so even in the most remote areas people are thinking about the arrangement of his life at the proper level.Consider the most affordable option in financial terms, namely, how to set a sinkhole with his hands.
video tips on building sump ↑
Before proceeding to the question of how to make a cesspool, you must performsome preliminary calculations and measurements.First, you must decide from which it will be
Firstly, the sinkhole in the country or on the local area should be located at a distance, at least in5 meters from the apartment building.Secondly, if there are wells on a site and other similar facilities, the container must be positioned at least 30 meters away.Thirdly, the presence of high groundwater passes require ground-pipe design, rather than the standard - underground.Fourth, when you install the model requires a systematic evacuation is necessary to equip the machine free access to it.Fifth, for the qualitative passing through pipes sewage holding tank should be positioned so that the pipe passing it along a straight path or with a minimum number of turns.
select a specific device sump should calculate at what height will be located in the entrance of the pipeline capacity.Then they pulled out a pipe trench and pit under the drive.Please note that the underground passage pipe necessary depth of emplacement is 1 m (20 cm takes to gravel and sand cushion).This is done to ensure that at the onset of cold water contained inside has not frozen, thereby violating the integrity of the pipe and secure flow of sewage.When the problem of freezing ground location of the pipeline is all too keenly.A partial solution is to cover the surface of pipes with insulation materials.
assembly and installation of the storage tank of concrete rings (two options) ↑
design of this material may be performed in two ways.Through the first we get a structure that requires a systematic evacuation of content, thanks to the second - the construction of which does not need pumping.
first option cesspool of concrete rings ↑
starts building sump, both the first and second versions, with the same procedures.Step by step process looks like.
- pit pulls out a container.It is desirable that its walls are located at a distance of 1 m (this distance, we provide free access to the structure from all sides).
- bottom should be well aligned.The most appropriate way - leveling floor screed.
- on the smoothed surface of the first set of future storage container - concrete ring and the bottom points of the top (diameter - 1-2 m).
- Next, a second detail - concrete ring with support projections for manhole cover on top (diameter - 0.7-0.8 m).As the use of the seal rubber (pitched or chamber).
- punched puncher in the lower ring two openings for air intake and at the entrance to the sewage.Set the pipe for the gas exit, and is also connected sewer.
- connection joints are sealed solution.After it is completely dry the entire surface structures treated with liquid glass.
second option cesspool of concrete rings ↑
This cesspool of concrete rings do not require pumping content.It consists of two vessels, the first of which is the primary treatment of wastewater, and the second - the final.The output is water that does not harm the environment and can be discharged into the nearest body of water.
Installation of the first tank was considered above.The only clarification: in the fifth paragraph breaks instead of two three holes.The third hole is necessary to leave the contents in the second cleaning tank.This opening is located 25 cm below the inlet.Above all placed under the air intake opening.
whole process of assembling the second vessel as follows.
- pulls out a pit 50 cm wider than the diameter of the container.
- Below create a gravel bed thickness of 20 cm.
- set on her first ring (size similar to the first embodiment) without a bottom.
- In the lower part of the first ring with two sides drilled two output openings.In the upper part - a water inlet opening and a hood.
- sets the second element with the same seal.
- Produced coating joint solution (liquid glass in this case is not necessary).
- inner ring half filled with gravel and stones on a quarter-striker.
- outside the lower ring is filled three-quarters of gravel.Then he made the final filling of the ground.
rules setting storage tank made of plastic ↑
Mounts cesspool of plastic is much lighter than concrete.But it has two major drawbacks: it can not be hidden under the ground and it is always presented only in the form of storage (requires pumping).
- walls excavated pit must be located at least 30 cm from the surface of the tank.
- capacity installed only on level surface (or sand cushion or concrete screed).
- tank must be equipped with additional elements: the ventilation pipe and the float-beacon (signal of filling a container).
- After installing the tank on the prepared area is necessary to make it fit.The tank is filled with clean water (height about 15 cm) and attached to the outside of the support area with a solution (cement and sand).
- on the surface of the tank must not impose any burden.Cover it with earth is strictly prohibited.
now learn how to make a cesspool, it is safe to conclude that these works are not that complicated.If not generously flavored with job carelessness and haste, as a result, you can get a full sewer system that will serve you for many years.