cozy garden with gazebo, green lawn with a swimming pool and beach, blooming flowerbeds, garden, pleasing the rich harvest - the owner of all of this you can become if you buy a piece of land.However, the nature of ownership require care and attention.If the first time you will get the pleasure of desertions from the bucket and watering plants, then eventually you get tired of such a duty.This is normal.Sooner or later, any landowner comes up with the idea that such a mission will cope admirably automatic watering system.
Video: the story of installing automatic irrigation system ↑
Step 1 - Layout ↑
plan - is the starting point, because to ensure automatic watering area will have to invest a lot of papers.However, the need to "base" from which you will
It is important to know!Experienced landlords recommended paint scheme irrigation as soon as you have purchased a plot, so you do not spoil the crops and not to disturb the harmony of the landscape.
Where to start?Take an ordinary drawing paper (or as it is often called - graph paper), put on a piece of the house and other buildings in the area (pavilions, terraces, children's playground, swimming pool, well and so on), track area grill - all this you can not havemove to another place.It should also be applied to the layout plan and zone of plants, however, if you have nothing planted, it will be possible landing place with a view of the future location of the irrigation system.
First mark the location of water intake pumping station and home.Ideally, if the flow of water going from the center portion, while the irrigation line are of equal length, which means that the water pressure within the system will be uniform, therefore, your vegetation is watered uniformly.From the point of source water is drawn along the perimeter highway and its branch, which is counting on finding sprinklers (sprinklers).The number of the latter depends on the radius of their action.If you plan to buy sprinklers with a radius of, for example, 25 m, then on the plan-scheme you need a compass to delineate the zone of each of the sprinklers.All groups watering heads need to install the solenoid valves.Example of a plan you can see in the photo below.
As you can imagine, all the buildings and areas where water ingress is undesirable, should not fall into the range of the sprinklers.Then, automatic irrigation scheme is transferred directly to the territory.To do this, make a layout using pegs and string.As the stakes you can use the handy henchman material (plates, welding electrodes, and so on).Cord better to buy polypropylene, colored or white - are "beacons" are reliable and can be seen from afar.The layout was exposed at a distance from the intended place of passage and see that there was no way to rocky areas, otherwise you have to then adjust the plan pads.As you can see, automatic watering system with their own hands - it's not prohibitively difficult project you can think of before, although time-consuming, requiring the attention of the unit of work.
Step 2 - Purchase of materials ↑
When you have planned an automatic watering and mark territory, all you need to carefully compare with the layout and calculate how much material you buy.To make the automatic watering with their hands, as a rule, such components are required:
- pumping station;
- pressure regulators;
- solenoid valves;
- tools for digging ditches and works;
Performance pumping stations depends on the area of irrigated land.Correctly calculate the power, you can use the advice of experts (on the web or store)."Why buy the filters?" - You ask.As a rule, the source of water is a self-made well, which means that the system can get the grains of sand and other particles that can damage the sprinklers or even score a pipe.So it is better to err, and set filters.Pressure regulators are necessary for a system involves the installation of sprinklers with different pressure or else when you make an automatic drip irrigation.Controllers and electromechanical valve takes over the function of alternately irrigated areas of the site.Controllers are responsible for opening and closing time of the solenoid valves, and the last - for the supply of water to the sprinklers.Pipes experts advise buying from high-density polyethylene.The cross section of the zone depends on the accommodation.At the bottom - larger and closer to the sprinklers - less.Sprinklers, as you already understood, have a different radius of influence, it you had to think through in advance.With regards to the types of sprinklers, they are:
- rotor (rotating);
Step 3 - Preparation and installation of the system ↑
plan ready, marking is done, the materials purchased, it's time to install automatic wateringgarden.Get ready for the next phase of work.
- Set pump station.
- digging ditches.
- Laying pipes.
- Joining the component parts of the pump.
- Installing sprinklers.
- Mounting controllers, motion controllers, filters and solenoid valves.
- Commissioning and Start-Up.
In general, outlined the procedure works briefly but clearly describe how to make automatic watering, but some process steps still need a more detailed description.What is the depth of the trench need?Professionals say that the ideal depth of the pipeline and its branches - 1 meter.Then, the pipe will be below the frost line region.Of course, such work is labor-intensive, so you can do, like many gardeners, amateur and dig a ditch depth of 30 cm, roughly speaking, a little more than a bayonet spade.But do such a deepening is necessary with some bias and install drain valves at points located below the rest.Why do it?To drain all water from the pipe system before storage for the winter.Joining pipes, valves and other components on the surface of the highway is recommended, then the finished pipe is laid in a ditch.Next, make sure the tightness of the system can then be screwed sprinklers and fill the trench.It remains to adjust the direction of irrigation sprinklers, and turn on the water.
subtleties of the organization and operation of irrigation systems ↑
When all the work is done, the main thing - to ensure proper care of the system, then it will serve you long and true.Thus, the basic rules of operation of irrigation equipment:
- twice a month, inspect the filters if necessary, change them;
- watch cleanliness of parts of the system;
- periodically check the sprinkler head in the case of pollution clean the holes with a soft brush;
- follow the soil at the location of the equipment, eliminating subsidence;
- before the season is sure to change the batteries and remove them for the winter;
- before storage system carefully drain the water;
- after the season disassemble solenoid valves or purge the system with compressed air;
- humidity sensors and rain in the winter, move the storage into a warm room.
And now a little about the intricacies of the organization Irrigation:
- irrigate crops is recommended in the morning or evening hours (experts say that the evening - the perfect time);
- saturation of the ground water should be sufficient, if the soil is humidified by 30-50 centimeters;
- surplus of moisture is no less dangerous than the lack of because it leads to root rot;
- watered planting open jet is not recommended;
- frequency of use of the system, no doubt, depends on many factors (like the weather and the type of plants), but stick to the established norms, for example, the lawn should be watered every few days and not less than 1 time in 7 days.
Now you know how to do automatic watering their hands, therefore, accurately decide, engage Do you block such operations on their ownor turn to professionals.