became the owner of a piece of land?Inhabit a house, planted a garden, built a gazebo with a barbecue, a pond and created with a sense of satisfaction among the lounging in a hammock lulling rustling the leaves of the trees, we come to realize that not everything taken care of: your iron "horse" is a lonely fence and overheating in the sun.So, it's time to make a final push - to build a garage for the garden, because the machine - it's almost a "family member", and it also needs to be baked.
Types garages ↑
Villas are different, so the construction of the garage should be based on the size of the territory, especially those buildings and plantations, as well as their location, your financial capabilities, time and desire.
What are the types of garages?
- built into the main building.
- Attached cottage.
- Detached (free-standing).
In some cases, you should choose the first option?As a rule, the construction of garages built at the same time planning with the construction of a country house.It can also happen that part of the premises of the main building are simply empty, then the owners and occurs to a logical idea: why not build a garage at the cottage inside the house?
If you fit one of these options, keep in mind, in addition to the advantages (the garage will take up a minimum of space on the site, in the cold to receive heat from the main building, get into the car, you can directly from the house) you can expect and cons (poor waterproofing).To avoid problems with excess moisture penetration, have a garage to build special platform, so as to make the angle of entry at 20 degrees.Some gardeners (to save space) do without platform, dramatically increasing the angle just at the entrance.
are attached garage in the country with their own hands to the main building is recommended, if the house is close to the gate, where a tiny plot and wants to plant herbs and not pour concrete.This "avtokonyushnya" has a common wall with the cottage, as well as unified communications for water, electricity and heating supply.
Individuated garage - the most common option for suburban estates, which is being built separately from the other buildings, and as close to the road, sometimes the entry is made directly from the street.Due to the popularity of this type, it is invited to review in detail.
How to choose a location for the construction of detached garage ↑
How to start the construction of a garage at the cottage?Regardless of what kind of a budget, and the project is selected, you need to find a garage for the most opportune place on the site.What outcome?If a tiny piece of land, then make the entry as close as possible to the gate, and even on the road.
Are there any requirements regarding the siting of fire safety and health standards?Of course, yes.When choosing a site for the construction of the garage, follow these rules:
- distance between the neighboring windows and entrance to the garage to be 10 meters, otherwise you will cause inconvenience to the surrounding cottagers;
- to prevent fire at home if a fire happens in the garage, you should keep a distance of between 9 meters;
- if the neighborhood with buildings decorated with polymeric materials, the distance between them and the garage should be 15 meters.
As you have seen earlier, it is not recommended to build a garage in the valley, otherwise it will constantly penetrating precipitation, which will negatively affect how the machine and in the building itself.
Design garage ↑
Design choose now - no problem, good network replete with variations photo garage at the cottage, and in the end,beauty - not the most important criterion for this type of structure, first of all building should be functional and reliable.How to create a competent project garage?
First, determine the size.To do this, you need to consider how the size of the machine itself, and the free area of the country.
Secondly, think, why you need planned construction.Only for parking cars?Or do you still want to do it in the body shop?Then you will need observation pit, as well as additional space to accommodate the tools and freedom of movement.Some gardeners also make a garage cellar for provisions.Ask yourself these questions and only then start painting project.
Let's say you need a garage for parking the car a standard size, which in this case must be the minimum size of the garage?Experts advise build storage space of a vehicle, at least 3 meters wide and about 5.5 long.At the height of the growth comes from family members, some gardeners are doing the same height as in the house, then just can not go wrong.
When the project is ready, it's time to move on to compile a list of necessary materials.
decide to start, from which you will build a garage.Safest itself certainly proven stone materials (cinder blocks, brick, foam concrete blocks, gas-silicate blocks).However, it is not necessary to conduct the construction of such expensive materials, gardeners sometimes resorting to the fact that there is in the economy, for example, metal, wood, or buy a less expensive materials, such as corrugated sheet.First, consider your financial possibilities.
When the materials were purchased, you can start marking territory.For this scheme, the image in the draft is simply transferred to the land allotted for the construction.In the technical language of builders, this stage is called "binding to the terrain."How it all happen?In the corners of the future garage, or pegs driven into pieces fitting.Make sure that the corners were not marking curves, for this you need a square.Between pegs should pull the cord.For a given unit of work need about 10 poles and about 40 meters of string.
Excavation and Foundation ↑
Construction begins with the construction of the foundation.The most appropriate option - belt.To do this, dig a trench width of about 40 cm. But the depth can vary because it depends on the level of soil freezing in your region.Sometimes missing and 60 cm, and sometimes you have to dig a ditch twice as deep.
Make sure that the bottom of the trench was not loose.This can occur if you are building on the site of the mound.Then you have to dig to the layer with normal density.The walls of the ditches must be leveled with a shovel so that they are vertical.
Then you can pour the foundation.Experienced gardeners recommend a stay at the rubble concrete form, which is reliable, and reduce costs.The process consists of laying in a trench rubble and grouting (sand should be 2.5 times more cement).Do not forget to shed a solution of each clutch, otherwise the foundation is not strong enough.
erection of walls and roofs ↑
As mentioned above, suitable for the construction of a garage as a stone, and wood or metal.However, remember that the tree should be carefully handle an antiseptic, and metal - corrosion mixture.But the most reliable material - brick.The walls are built on traditional technology.The thicker the wall, the stronger the building.But sometimes enough thickness and in a half-brick, especially if you do not plan to spend the winter in the country.
Building roof also does not differ from the standards.During the installation of the roof rafters should be laying.The only thing that does not make a flat roof to avoid moisture penetration.Small bias will prolong the life of the structure.Do not forget about quality waterproofing the roof (shingles, roofing paper or slate).
device floor and installation of gates ↑
machine - heavy equipment, so the most optimum material for the construction of a floor - it is concrete.What is the procedure works for this stage?
- leveling of land;
- covering soil layer of sand or fine gravel (about 10 cm);
- pouring concrete solution (1 part cement, 2 - and 3 sand - gravel).
should pay attention!For enhanced waterproofing the floor, between layers of concrete lay roofing material (preferably in 2 layers).To do this, fill the first 10 cm, let the mixture harden (about a week), and then fill in the surface layer.
As for the gate, then everything is easy, because you can buy ready-made and easy to install them.However, do not forget that the fasteners must be in masonry, that is, they need to be concerned at the stage of construction of the walls.Gates, of course, must be painted.
Garage ready, there were only finishing work and construction of facilities inside.
Video: how to build a garage with his hands ↑
Building garage to testify - troublesome, but useful, because then your iron "horse" will live longer.