How to choose linoleum - nuances and selection criteria
Today linoleum can be seen everywhere.In cafes and supermarkets, hotels and kindergartens, office buildings, hospitals and schools.This flooring is appropriate in almost every room.No exceptions are with you and our apartments and houses.After all, this material is not only cheaper, but also durable, and has excellent thermal insulation and soundproof characteristics.In addition, linoleum shines wealth of colors and patterns as an integral part in the design of any apartment.
Even professional builder is not easy to decide on the final choice, and what about ordinary citizens.To make it easier to choose, tell you how to choose linoleum, differ from each other main varieties of linoleum, describe all stages of their performance and selection criteria.
- What types of linoleum there
- class resistance - the choice depending on the type of room
- What should be padded linoleum
- What else paylook for when purchasing linol
- We select the optimal size of linoleum
- Choice of colors and textures: the nuances and subtleties
- Finally - on manufacturers
- Table of basic criteria for the selection of linoleum
- Video: Select linoleum
What kindslinoleum there
When this floor covering has just appeared, it was made of oils, flax and resins.But eventually, when the production of linoleum has expanded so much natural materials physically nowhere to take.And the short-lived were made of their flooring.It is too soon to fade, and over time could significantly stretch.Nevertheless, linoleum flooring is becoming more popular, and it became necessary to replace it with natural ingredients in the artificial.
And then as the basis for this coating began to use polyvinyl chloride, or PVC.Because of him and still make linoleum, but in America and Europe this type of flooring is called PVC-coated.From this material do not only linoleum - it is widely used in the medical industry, as well as for the manufacture of toys and many other items.Products made of PVC can be made on different technologies, which depends on their safety.Hygienic certificate mandatory existing PVC coating indicates that the material is harmless.
Most of the market is represented by PVC linoleum, and he's most often used as a floor covering.So go on like it is about the choice of this type of coverage.
All kinds of PVC linoleum on the structural composition can be divided into two types:
For homogeneous linoleum characterized by homogeneous structure.It consists of a single layer, which is based on polyvinyl chloride.In the production of PVC added quartz sand and lime, and the proportion may vary from one-fifth to four-fifths of the total composition.Naturally, with an increase in the proportion of fillers linoleum becomes cheaper, but quality is poor.After all, when we go on the floor, putting his load of linoleum gradually emerge quartz sand grains, leaving small holes.In addition, the sand is like emery, erase flooring that can wear out quickly.
Appearance, homogeneous linoleum.
linoleum There are several layers of heterogeneous type, and each of them fulfills its specific function.The bottom layer, called the substrate - it serves to protect against bursting, mitigating impacts and other loads.The basis for the design of heterogeneous linoleum is fiberglass, which adds elasticity to the finished product and not giving it to deform.The next layer is a decorative, it can have a variety of colors.They are both self-colored and patterned, including imitating the texture of wood, metal, stone and other materials.The top layer - PVC without impurities, by which the linoleum is not used up.
Heterogeneous linoleum cut.
class resistance - the choice depending on the type of room
Not knowing how to choose linoleum for apartment in the first place should pay attention to wear and and the appointment of the room.Depending on the speed and thickness of the abrasion protective layer of linoleum is:
- commercial sex;
# 1. Linoleum household type not very resistant to abrasion, but the colors and patterns he is very diverse.By purchasing a floor, you can make cheap repair, which will look quite expensive and stylish.If an apartment in the future is expected to sell or lease, it is wise to opt for residential linoleum.Also, he is quite good in those rooms, where not a lot of walking - in the bedroom, for example.But in the hallway or the kitchen it will last a long time, and it is better not to lay it in these rooms.
# 2. Linoleum semi-commercial types stronger than the previous one.It also features a wide range of colors, and is perfect for the kitchen floor, the hallway or living room.That is where people are constantly walking, there are massive cabinets, furniture moves on wheels and straighten sofas and armchairs.
# 3. Linoleum type most resistant to wear and abrasion.Moreover, there is a floor covering as a multi-layer and single-layer (homogeneous).
order to choose linoleum that all properties will approach 100 percent for specific conditions, it is necessary to understand not only in domestic but also in the European classification.In Russia, it is also supported.
So, according to this labeling linoleum is:
- designed for apartments (in the designation of the first place is the figure 2);
- designed for offices (figure 3);
- intended for industrial premises (figure 4).
Next is the number (1 to 4), which is what kind of load can withstand the linoleum.
If there is:
- 1 - that the load must be very small;
- 2 - corresponds to the average load;
- 3 - high load;
- 4 - indicates that the strength of the coating is very high.
to choose linoleum was very easy to come up with the Europeans to draw on the rolls with linoleum, in addition to these numbers, the icons depicting young men near the house.As it can be understood that for a large family is perfect linoleum, where the first place is 3, and the second - 1 (31-class and below).Class 23 can be put on the kitchen floor, provided that the family is small.Well, good for sleeping room linoleum Class 21.
icons denoting endurance and operating conditions of linoleum.
About group attrition:
If the cost of two types of coverage polukomercheskogo different, say, twice, it means that they are different than anything else.Most likely, a group attrition.What is this figure, and whether it is necessary to pay attention to his account when deciding how to choose linoleum for the house?
Group abrasion shows how quickly worn linoleum.It corresponds to the European standard EN660-1, and is calculated as follows.Take the moving grinding wheel, attached to a piece of checked linoleum.The circle should make not less than 25 thousand revolutions.After that is measured on how much to reduce the thickness of the sample, and make the appropriate conclusions.
- If the linoleum is no impurities, he wears no more than 0.08 millimeters.He was assigned to a group attrition - T.
- If the thickness of the sample is reduced from 0.08 to 0.15 mm, the average wear - a group - R.
- Erasing linoleum on the abrasive wheel from 0.15 to 0.3 millimeters groupwear resistance is defined as M - low resistance to wear.
- Group - F is assigned to samples of linoleum that abrasive grind of 0.3 to 0.6 millimeters.This material is very fragile, and the impurities in it a lot - obviously more than 65 percent.
These impurities, as mentioned earlier, are a mixture of chalk and quartz sand.Therefore, homogenous linoleum often have a low resistance to wear.But the heterogeneous samples having a protective layer in pure PVC, perfectly resist abrasion.Therefore, their abrasion resistance, of course, is the highest - TA
When choosing the type of linoleum homogeneous learn necessarily all his characteristics.One of the most important indicators - a group attrition.If it chose to remain silent manufacturer, is to think about whether to take a suspicious item.It may be that it will last a very, very long.So, for example, you can buy cheap linoleum 43 class, which does not specify a group attrition.As a result, the floor will be permanently scratched, and a year later it will turn into something quite unattractive.
As for heterogeneous linoleum, there is need to look how thick it has a protective layer.This value depends on the destination floor and has the following values:
- Linoleum home - up to 0.35 millimeters;Semi-commercial linoleum
- - from 0.35 to 0.6 millimeters;
- Linoleum - 0.6 millimeters.
What should be padded linoleum
substrate may be a so-called foam or felt.
denser base linoleum, the better it resists the pressing legs heavy cabinets and chairs, the smaller dents left on it from the female heels.You can determine this by weight: solid and massive rolls of talk is usually of high quality substrate.But just to be sure it's worth and touch check.To do this, simply push a finger on the substrate.If you feel that it springs at hand, not prodavlivayas, this high-quality linoleum, which makes sense to buy.
good substrate not only determines the impact resistance and pressure.It allows you to save heat and mute background noise penetrating into the apartment.The thick foam at the base of the linoleum results in a fairly warm floor.Its low density improves sound insulation and thermal insulation properties of linoleum.However, in any case, well, if there is a foam base, especially thick enough.This will hide some of the irregularities in the substrate, on which spreads the linoleum.
Felt substrate can better resist the pressure-sensitive mute legs very heavy cabinets, shoe heels and other items.
Foam padded semi-commercial linoleum.
What else to look for when purchasing linoleum
# 1. If the flooring is chosen for the kitchen, it is necessary to look not only at the resistance to wear, but also on how the thickness of the protective coating is provided.If, in addition Transparent, there is also a top lacquer layer (it is applied usually reliable manufacturers), then clean this floor will be much easier - because dirt does not penetrate the structure of the coating.Depending on your preferences, you can select either a matte or gloss varnish.The glossy linoleum gives the impression of just washed that looks very neat, especially in the kitchen.
# 2. in the room for the baby or in the same kitchen is not superfluous to the antibacterial coating on the linoleum.It's absolutely safe and does not contain chemical additives.Destruction of microbes, breeding on the floor, going through silver ions, which are released when moisture gets into the antibacterial layer.Moisture is taken directly from the ambient air.
# 3. Well, if linoleum icon is in the form of lightning.The absence thereof, means that after the linoleum walked someone's legs, it accumulates static electricity.E. Not antistatic.
# 4. icon in the form of the wheel says that on the floor covering can easily move the furniture on wheels - chairs, tables.Otherwise, from such actions is better to abstain.
# 5. There is an icon "warm floor" - if the room is planned to install underfloor heating, you should definitely seek linoleum with only the icon.
Therefore, having carefully studied the badges linoleum on the label, you can learn a lot, and then unerringly choose the nicest linoleum, which is perfect for your home.
We select the optimal size of linoleum
to lay linoleum was as easy as possible, manufacturers should consider the size of the standard line width.This facilitates the selection of linoleum for the apartments, allowing you to purchase only as much material as you need, without overpaying for extra inches and without clipping them.Even more difficult to weld or glue together separate pieces if the linoleum is too narrow.Roll width generally corresponds to the width of the rooms in the house.
Today in DIY stores can meet linoleum in widths from 1.5 to 5 meters by 0.5 meters.While some manufacturers prefer to produce only two-meter and three-meter linoleum - because these two are the most popular widths from buyers.As a rule, most of the apartments in modern homes, or you can do one or the other option - lay down cover evenly, and do not need to stitch the individual pieces.
More recently laid linoleum so: it is like a carpet spread out on the floor and allowed to rest in bed for some time.After shrinking its pressed baseboards.Modern linoleum shrinkage do not give, so do not buy them with the stock and then vylezhivat.What is the width at the room, the same width and linoleum have to choose, without any allowances.
When you make measurement of the floor space not forget that almost every room has its niches and protrusions formed by the front door or window-sill space.It is necessary to consider and measure the width and length of the floor not just from one wall to the other, and considering these niches.
correct measurement of the room.
Do not forget to make measurements at the beginning and end of the room, because the houses of the Soviet construction of difference of distances in different parts of the room can be up to 10 cm.
Once you have measured both sides of the room, it is necessary to determine the order any width linoleum yourequired, and it can be 1.5;2;2.5;3;3.5;4;4.5;5 meters.In most cases, you'll have a little cut across the width of linoleum.The length of the premises take accurate to centimeters.
If you have a corridor of 1.9 m. / 5.34 m., It is necessary to take the two-meter linoleum, 5.34 meters long.
If a room the size of 2.9 m. / 3.3 m., It is necessary to take a three-meter linoleum, 3.3 meters long.
When the complex shape of the room, having a plurality of protrusions and recesses, you first need to draw a plan of it.By measuring the size of the widest and longest part of the room, you can take the linoleum appropriate width and length needed.Further, according to the plan, it is necessary on this piece of flooring cut out the recess.If you use this method fails in this case will help abstract drawing, hides all the joints, which can be arranged in any order.
Colours and textures: the nuances and subtleties
Perception Design apartment as a whole largely depends on the color of flooring.For example, cold colors create one impression, and warm - quite different.You can experiment with different ornaments and designs - just room for the imagination abound.As a result, you can get nice and such a cozy room, and strict official office.Everything depends on the goal.To address the need as a destination of the room and the rest of the interior design.
Here, for example, making out the floor in the bedroom, it is appropriate to apply the soft tones of warm shades.2;2.5;3;3.5;4;4.5;It was not clear moments?