Specifications cast-iron radiators, their merits and demerits
It would seem that the time has come to give in cast iron radiators, invented back in 1857 resourceful Franz San Galli.Those who manufactures bimetallic or aluminum products, firmly believe in this.Like, iron sorely outdated - it's time to junk it.Well, examine and consider in this material cast iron radiators - technical characteristics are comparable to those of batteries made from more modern materials.
- about design and types of cast iron radiators
- positive characteristics of cast iron radiators
- About minuses iron batteries, often turns into pluses
- Features cast iron radiators from different manufacturers andmodels
- Table: Comparative characteristics of cast iron radiators of the most common makes and models
- Video: On the plus, minus and features installing cast iron radiators
about design and types of cast iron radiators
Each radiator, like the designer, it is composed ofseveral identical sect
terms of the number of channels a single section, they can be:
- single channel;
- dual channel.
iron radiators may have different widths (which depends on the number of sections) and height.The width of the radiator depends on the volume of the heated space, the number of windows therein, the thickness of the outer walls.The more sections are used, the more heat will give the radiator.As for the height, it can range from 35 centimeters to half a meter.Do not forget to look on indicators such as the depth of the radiator.After all, it depends on how fit into the design of the room, these cast iron products.The depth can be set between 50 and 140 centimeters or more.
to need special mounting brackets are strong, which should be securely fastened to the wall.After all, usually hung heavy batteries under the window opening on the brackets, positioning them so that the battery from a wall retreated some distance.However, now there are new models of floor type, in which the legs are attached to the kit.
positive characteristics of cast iron radiators
They fit any coolant
yet technically gets hot water from the boiler to the batteries, the quality of its not getting any better.She, however, and initially was not ideal, and then following through pipelines, captures with a fair amount of impurities.So in our apartments it comes already kind of fluid, quite aggressive chemically.This is the most aggressive water (unless specifically, there are many bases) brings on top and a bunch of small grains acting like abrasive.
And she begins to actively corrode the battery of steel, for example.A grain of sand, like sandpaper, wipe their thin walls.A cast iron transcend all this - because it is chemically passive, and the walls at the radiators of this metal is very thick.And in summer, when the system will merge the water, cast-iron battery is not prorzhaveet inside.
Maximum operating pressure
Operating pressure cast iron radiators is 9 atmospheres or more, depending on the manufacturer and model.They are well tolerated by hammering and are therefore often used in district heating systems.
If from time to time to wash the battery of cast iron, as well as the need to replace the intersectional pads, they will respond to such care is grateful.Fifty years will be able to work out, properly heating your rooms.By the way, in St. Petersburg are still alive retro-iron batteries, which have cast on the first factories.More than a hundred years have passed, after all.
If you compare the price with the cost of cast iron batteries have become fashionable in recent years bimetallic products, the iron on the budget will be much more profitable.And if you have to buy the radiators do not for one room, and for a few, the savings would be very, very impressive.About
cons iron batteries, often turns into pluses
Proponents of new aluminum and steel panels for the curse cast its thermal inertia.Yes it is."Raskochegarivaetsya" cast iron radiator for a long time - it's not you thin steel hull.When will warm up the frozen cold weather at the beginning of the house, it causes irritation.But after getting cold and thick cast-iron battery is too long.Imagine - the window frost and heating suddenly disconnected.Aluminum, steel and bimetallic products immediately become cold.And near the good old cast iron can still bask in a little while.
slow release of heat into the room
compare the heat, which is inherent in one section of the cast-iron battery (this is an average of 110 watts) and that of the aluminum radiators made of steel.It turns out that the latter, having the same dimensions, and require less hot water, heat and a half times more than they give.However, the convection-air method of heating of aluminum and bimetal, which heats only the core, rather than housing ray loses a method of steel and cast iron.In the last heat rays not only heated air masses, but also to the objects in the room falls short.As a result, items are also beginning to radiate heat, and the room is heated efficiently and effectively.
They are heavy and clumsy
a heavy cast-iron battery not everyone will be able to lift it alone - and only one section weighs about 5-6 kilograms.But few owners of apartments and houses carries the batteries - usually for the installation and removal are invited plumbing.That is something they never endeared iron.And it should be noted that a lot of weight these radiators are because of the thick walls, through which retain heat for a long time and are at least fifty years.
They "eat" a lot of coolant
Well, yes, in a cast-iron section is filled with an average of 0.9 liters of hot water, and aluminum - only 0.4 liters.Note that in this and the dimensions of these two different types of batteries - aluminum is much smaller.They
standard radiators made of cast iron, which are generally set in the Soviet era, they are, of course, beauty does not shine.Basking something they are good, that's just like hide them out of sight.
That sealed their landlords shirmochka and all sorts of screens, consuming heat.
Today there aesthetic artistic casting made of cast iron.On the surface, there are patterns in a variety of styles.There are such batteries (German, English, Turkish, French, Chinese) expensive, but look just luxurious.Domestic radiators, of course, not so beautiful, but cheap.But still their design is quite attractive, and the flat surface looks neat.
Artistic cast radiators in retro style.
Features cast iron radiators from different manufacturers and models
In Soviet times, plants for the production of cast iron radiators were not considered - because there was no alternative.Here, for example, only a few kinds thereof: HM-140, HM-150, Minsk-110, P-90, RKSH.Almost all of them are no longer manufactured.Long live, perhaps only one proven model - MC-140, and a good classic.
new models look prettier, here, for example, MS-110 Santehlit plant has a shallow depth (only 11 centimeters) and well placed under the narrow plastic window sills.
MS Radiator - 110.
in Cheboksary do radiators World Cup with one, two or three channels.Their outer side of the flat, which looks quite aesthetically pleasing, and easier to wipe the dust.
Models radiators World Cup.
in Minsk produced a beautiful two-channel heat sinks, just about 10 models.
example is 2K60P radiators, 2K60PP, 2KP100-90-500, 2K60P-300.
cell battery of iron and from abroad are brought to us.Foreign products smoother both outside and inside, so they have higher heat dissipation.Note Konner Chinese companies (particularly good model, "Hit", "Modern" and "Fort").
company Radiators Konner, model Moder.
Czech plant Viadrus, Turkish company DemirDöküm and Spanish group Roca also make good radiators. European manufacturers are doing very graceful cast-iron battery injection pattern.However, these radiators are much more expensive than domestic.
Table: Comparative characteristics of cast iron radiators of the most common makes and models
|Make and model||Dimensions section, H / W / D||Working pressure, atm||Thermal power kW|| Area |
Warm section 1 m2
|volume of water in the section, L section||Weight, kg|
|MS-140||from 388 to 588/93/140||9||from 0.12 to 0,16||0,244||from 1,11 to 1,45||from 5,7 to 7,1|
|CHM1||from 370 to 570/80/70||9||0.075 to 0,11||from 0,103 to 0,165||from 0.66 to 0,9||from 3.3 to 4,8|
|FM2||from 372 to 572/80/100||9||from 0.1009 to 0, 1423||from 0,148 to 0,207||0.7 to 0,95||from 4,5 to 6,3|
|FM3||from 370 to 570/90/120||9||0, 1083 to 0,1568||from 0,155 to 0,246||from 0.95 to 1,38||4.8 to 7|
|Konner Modern||565/60/80||12||of 012to 0,15||-||from 0.66 to 0,96||from 3,5 to 4,75|
We have given the basic technical characteristics of cast-iron radiators, the most frequently sought after.It seems that they helped you to make the overall picture.
Conclusion As you can see, do not iron over the years proven very discounted - this battery will last longer and newfangled, and even decorate the house.
Video: On the plus, minus and features installing cast iron radiators
- Reviews of cast iron radiators heating
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