How to putty the walls with his own hands
quality training walls to the different finishing is to obtain a flat, smooth surface.To do this, perform competently and puttying priming.Spackling - easy task.The most important thing to observe the procedure and be able to properly handle the construction tools.How to properly putty walls independently without the help of experts we will discuss in this article.
- Which tool is required for spackling
- What putty better putty walls and how to select
- Prepare wall surface for plaster
- Start putty surface
- Majachnajaplastered walls
- Finishing plaster walls
- Caulking cracks in walls
- How to apply the plaster on the walls
- How putty painted walls and wallpaper
- Video: Plastered walls under the wallpaper
- Video: Shpatlevanie walls long spatula
Which tool is required for spackling
to yourself putty wall, prepare a minimum set of tools.Without tools will not cost?
1. drill, equipped with a special nozzle - mixer.Typicall
2. set of spatulas.Be sure to pick up a spatula various sizes.The work you have to enjoy and a large spatula (40-50 cm), and the very young.After all, the problem hard to reach places can not be qualitatively wall putty large spatula.Just for this and apply a small trowel.
3. rollers and brushes for priming the walls.Step priming is undesirable to pass.After priming the wall is covered with a thin film.This not only further improves its strength, but also provides excellent adhesion treated with any wall cladding material (adhesion).
4. Rule.It will take in the case of uneven walls when it is necessary to apply a thick layer of plaster.For leveling thick layer of putty is convenient to use long metal rule.
5. alcoholic or laser level.Often the surface of the wall is very uneven.Before you begin Start luting install beacons screening by applying for an alcohol test or a laser level.
6. Sandpaper.If you want to get a beautiful surface, which is pleasant to look, use fine sandpaper to wipe.For example, floating 240th sandpaper will allow you to get the perfect result.The smallest skins apply only if the finishing putty.And on the stage, the initial starting filler properly overwrite large wall rough sandpaper.
7. Hand shkuroter.Grout cloth will be much more convenient if you use the manual shkuroterom.It is a tool on the handle which has special clips to secure the skins.
8. And, of course, can not do without the capacity in which the filler is mixed.
list of tools that you may need in the plastered walls. Photo - srbu.ru
What better filler putty walls and how to select
Classification putty composition: plaster, plastic (acrylic) and cement.
consider their advantages and disadvantages.
1. plaster attractive inexpensive price, perfectly amenable to equalize, do not shrink.The only drawback may be called poor resistance to moisture.Only this limits the scope of their use.
2. cement filler have excellent moisture resistance, but they have a significant drawback - a large degree of shrinkage.
3. Finally, polymer fillers.The undoubted advantages: excellent moisture resistance, did not shrink.With the help of polymeric filler get high quality machined surfaces of the walls.The only drawback may be called a high price.
By appointment putty can be divided into starting (alignment), fine (finishing), and universal.
1. leveling features (starting) mixtures: high strength, excellent adhesion, a large grain.Recommended: to align the walls after plastering.Application thickness: 3 -20 mm.
2. For high quality decorative finish is desired on the work surface to put the finishing putty.With their help, you can get a perfectly smooth surface, concealing minor flaws.The strength of the finishing putty smaller home, its treatment is straightforward.Apply a thin layer to 4 mm.
3. Universal putty combine the properties of ornamental and leveling compounds.They cost more, though slightly inferior properties and start finishing coatings.We recommend using the processing of the walls without major flaws.
modern market offers dry and ready to use putty.It involves low cost dry filler and the possibility of long-term storage.
Ready putty convenient to use.You do not have to use a mixer to prepare a homogeneous mixture of putty.This saves time and virtually no dust.But ready fillers are much more expensive dry.Note: These fillers give greater shrinkage.If a layer thickness of less than 2 mm, ready putty can be used.Long shelf life, they also do not brag.It is significantly smaller than dry mixes.
in dry, bagged and ready for use, in a bucket filler.
Surface preparation plaster wall under
main thing - saw to it that the surface of the walls was absolutely clean.Traces of grease, paint or soot must remove.Of course, do not have to meet the layer of plaster fall away, the remains of scale, wax or part of the formwork.I do not proceed to the frozen putty ceiling and walls.It is not recommended.
Before making putty, cover the walls with primer.This will provide good adhesion (connection) with walls putty solution.Soil surface with a special roller.Try to apply the solution evenly coats without allowing gaps.It is only one layer.distinguish these types of fillers: finish, lighthouse, starting.A closer look at the properties and applications.
Start putty surface
Fillers carried out using coarse starting material.Find it difficult.When buying it and is called - starting putty.To remove the large differences in the walls, hide Grooves, holes, such filler is convenient to use.The thickness of this layer of putty to be applied at a time can be up to 1.5 cm. Provide an opportunity to the previous layers to dry completely.Only then proceed with the application of the next layer of putty.
In order to obtain the highest possible quality of surfaces plastered on the wall to install special masking grid, and her smoothly across the surface, distribute the plaster.This wall completely vsploshnuyu shpaklyuyut.The advantage of this technology lies in the fact that by using a paint coat fine grid rests on the wall surface.And indeed the surface becomes more solid and smooth.At the same time the coarser mesh paint, the smoother finished surface of the wall.
Starting putty wall.
Majachnaja plastered walls
materials do not differ from the starting putty.The only difference - the applicable beacons.Lighthouse - wood, plaster or metal lath, which exhibit strictly vertically, checking vertical level.By the walls of the beacons attached with any mixture of gypsum, it dries quickly, then you can proceed directly to the spackling.Similarly, there is an alignment and horizontal lines.That is the case for leveling layer of filler usually is useful to you.Follow these recommendations after starting work turns smooth surface.To ensure quality work, you can check the level.That type of finish are quite rare.Reason: its cost is much higher than the starting putty, though visually they are almost indistinguishable.
Plastered of walls on beacons. Photo - vipconstruction.kiev.ua
Finishing plaster walls
After the start or lighthouse putty starts executing finishing putty.She did finishing putty mixtures.Such plaster walls gives the surface a perfect smoothness.Eliminates tiny cracks or pores.It is important that the finish coat completely coincides with the plane of the pre-prepared surfaces, so it is necessary to apply a very small bed.If the start or the lighthouse putty performed poorly, with the help of finishing putty you can not remedy the situation.Initially, therefore, try to make the surface of the wall perfectly smooth.Only then will proceed to the finishing putty.Its main objective - a beautiful smooth surface of the wall.
putties made under special lighting, it allows you to see the smallest irregularities. Photo - vipconstruction.kiev.ua
Caulking cracks in walls
To hide the cracks in the walls recommend using putty plaster mixture.It is much more flexible in the material santegips but hardens considerably longer.Tips competent specialists: first, it is recommended to expand a little crack, slightly increase its depth and thickness.To increase its roughness can be scratched with a knife or other sharp object along the entire length.Then carefully handle its primer.Only then proceeding with putty.
Rasshivanie to crack filler. Photo - dekoratik.com
How to apply the plaster on the walls
1. In the case of dry filler should be well-prepared putty mixture.
- the tank pour a small amount of water;
- add putty;
- simple stir with a spatula;
- to obtain a homogeneous mixture to use a drill with a mixer, if necessary, gradually adding water.
2. Draw starting putty.It is convenient to use a large spatula.Apply putty midstream, evenly distributed over the surface.Hold the trowel at an angle of about 30 degrees.Putty is applied diagonally with one motion.Recommendation to avoid transitions and mounds, each successive layer should be applied to overlap.
3. for processing flat corners recommend using angled spatula.The technology works: first, a small spatula small layer of putty applied over the entire height or angle of repose.Then gently level the surface with a spatula angle.Throughout the day I should have a good layer of putty to dry.
for spackling angles need a special corner trowel.
4. Once the starting coat is completely dry, proceed to perform the finishing putty.To work using large and small spatula.On a large spatula small spatula in small portions impose putty.Then the putty mixture is applied uniformly on the surface.The layer thickness of about 1.5 - 2 mm.
5. Before putty painted walls or wallpaper, wait for the complete drying of the previous layer.Start and finish the first ball of putty must be completely dry.It takes about approximately 12 hours.You can then apply the finish plaster.
6. After drying proceed to the final sanding with sandpaper.Warning: before applying each subsequent layer of putty, it is desirable to process the previous primer.As
putty painted walls and wallpaper
Pre-wall aligned with a few layers of putty.If the wallpaper is thick, it is advisable to apply the putty in two layers.When using thin wallpaper recommend a three-layer leveling putty.This allows the wallpaper paste on a flat surface without wrinkles or bubbles.
Video: Plastered walls under the wallpaper
requires more careful preparation finish wall paint.The paint does not hide even the slightest unevenness.Therefore, to align the walls need to be sure to apply the finish plaster.
filler procedure is carried out in five stages:
- applied with a trowel first thin layer of leveling putty;
- for large irregularities apply 2-3 layers;
- allow putty to dry;
- perform finishing putty to remove small defects;
- after drying overwritten wall sandpaper to obtain a perfectly smooth surface.
Video: Shpatlevanie walls long spatula
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