And winter walk barefoot: a warm floor is better to pre-assembled

By Admin | Heating And Heaters
09 April 2016

idea floor heating - is not an invention of the present day.It was used by the ancient Romans, when they built their luxurious baths.And today we are happy to walk barefoot on warm laminate or tile to warm up in one of two options - a system of pipes with hot water or electricity.Well, a warm floor is better - easier to install, economical, easy to operate - the answers in our material.

Warm floors - what is best to choose


  1. Two types of floor heating: how they work, what characterized
  2. What a warm floor better electric or water
  3. What is the electric field is better - a comparative table
  4. Choosing a floor heating for specific conditions

Two types of floor heating: how they work, what

characteristic common to both systems is that they are hidden under the floor, without having direct contact with the air of the room.So that no convection, followed by lifting the dust can not occur.Because of this, and it does not dry the air, as hap

pens in the case of outdoor heaters.

Water floor heating - convenient is not always allowed

Warm floors, many are choosing the type of water because of their low cost of operation.After all, they do not consume electricity and are connected to a common heating system at home.That may be so, but when the energy consumption is increased (usually gas) and low-power boiler can not handle the load, moreover, the boiler must be automatic.We have to change the boiler, buying a more powerful model svoremennuyu.We take into account also the costs of gas, so that the saving (in comparison with the floor of the electric type) is obtained only by heating of large spaces.

course, many come to mind, it is easier and cheaper to connect radiant floor in a city apartment that has central heating.As a result, and expenses, then no unnecessary will not appear - the beauty!Not a bit of it - very wrong such naive people, has installed a similar system.It turned out that the money is wasted.And all because that is strictly forbidden in homes with central heating connected to him a warm floor.For it is also taking a considerable fine.

Radiant Floor Heating
Water from the metal-floor heating.

Warm floors, running on electricity

to take a final decision, a warm floor is better - electric or water, you need to take a closer look and design, running on electricity.There are several varieties: the cable system, an infrared system and a mini floor mats.

# 1. Cable floor heating.

This type of "underground" heating is a system of cables.They consist of separate sections, each of which, in turn, provided with a shielded cable (with one or two wires), two-layer insulation.Cables are connected by a reliable drip.All these precautions make the heating systems are absolutely safe even in those areas where very damp.

This system is economical - for different rooms, you can choose a different power cable used.After all, the kitchen or in the hallway do not need a floor capacity from 150 to 180 watts per square meter for buildings that are not heated (for example, loggias, balconies).Kitchen floor would be enough power to 120 watts per square meter, and bathroom - 140 watts per square meter."Cable" Floor - the cheapest of all those who work on electricity.But they need a tie - it is a prerequisite.Because of her floor height increases.

Cable floor heating
Installation of cable underfloor heating.

# 2. What is the heating mats.

So, too, is called a system of cables, only a very thin (3 mm or less).They are fixed on a grid of glass fiber, sold in rolls that looks very similar to the mats or rugs.That's why they came to be called Minamata.They are extremely fast to install - just unroll a roll of the base, and then connect the cable to podrozetnik equipped with a temperature controller.This type is considered the best warm floor under the tile.After tiled floor can be glued directly to Minamata.

Heating mats

# 3. Infrared Heated floor.

If you use cables instead of a special infrared film, we get an infrared floor.He is also working on an electric current can be installed even under carpeting or a laminate in a concrete screed does not need.Moreover, it is possible to mount it almost instantly - just a couple of hours.And then you can just turn on and use it, as there is no need to wait until the glue hardens, or cement sets.

This type of "heating" floor is good in the sense that the installation is absolutely no dirt, no dust.Therefore, it is quite possible to mount when shines a brand new renovated apartment - do not spoil or stained.Moreover infrared film can be laid not only on the floor but also in the walls.If you want, even the ceiling in the country can warm it.Unless, of course, the price you do not scare - carbon film does not come cheap.

Infrared Heated floor
film infrared heated floor.

What a warm floor better electric or water

Water System

+ Plus:

  • If the area of ​​the house is large (60 square meters), the floor of the water type to use is beneficial in economic terms.

- Cons:

  • Such a system (as well as any heating) requires regular inspection and preventive maintenance.
  • installation of water pipes will cost more, and do pipes, filters and pumps are pretty desolate pocket.
  • warm the floors only when the boiler is turned on.

Electric floors

+ Pros:

  • Possibility to use in any situation (even in the sauna, swimming pool or on the balcony);
  • Include a floor can be even in the summer, if necessary;
  • Quick and easy installation, which is on the shoulder, not only builders, but also non-professionals;
  • Managing such flooring is very easy;
  • temperature control in each room allows you to set the optimum;
  • as ordinary wiring, electrical floor will last at least 50 years without requiring maintenance.

- Cons:

  • If there is a temperature controller, a large floor surface is heated by electricity unprofitable.
  • Electromagnetic radiation, albeit small, but there.However, the use of a good shielding can reduce it to a minimum (less than 300 times the norm).

What is the electric field is better - a comparative table

Options Cable floor heating heating mats Infrared Heated floor
installation method mounted under the concrete floor with a minimum thickness of 3 cm. Mounted in a layer of tile adhesive or screed depends on the type of flooring. film is placed directly under the cover.
types of flooring to. The use of screed is necessary, suitable for all surfaces. tile, porcelain, wood floor.It can be mounted under the laminate flooring, carpet, but requires a layer of screed at least 20 mm. Any floor, but if for fixing the coating requires the use of glue or tie, it is necessary to put a layer of drywall tape.
Ability to use as a primary source of heating possible only as an additional source possible
maximum possible power 110 W / m2 160W / m2 220 W / m2
possibility of laying on different surfaces floor, walls floor, walls Any surface
possibility of giving the desired shape There There film can be cut in increments of 25 cm.
Economypower consumption compared
with convection heaters
average average High
Security Level High High High
method warming Uniform convection Uniform convection warms up all the items
to reuse in another room No No There
electromagnetic field 0,25 mT 0,25 mT Virtually no
Lifetime more30 years more than 30 years more than 30 years
Guarantee 15 years 20 years 20 years

To better understand the characteristics of each type of electric underfloor heating we offer watch the following video.

Video: Purpose main types of electric floor heating

Choosing a floor heating for specific conditions

to finally decide for themselves what underfloor heating is better to choose, it is necessary, first of all, carefully examine the basis on which these floors are plank.And you can choose at random, and then reluctantly found that the heating system to an existing base or the conditions are not suitable at all.Let's look at some advance options that may be.

Which floor can be used if the room is supposed to fill the screed

If the apartment or house you have a new or you do major repairs, the floor itself is not already there.Anyway, in most cases it is.In a private house with an independent heating system, you can arrange a radiant floor heating.The apartment, in this case the system heats the mounted cables.After the installation of a system all the foundation is poured cement-sand screed.

What to do if you already have a screed, and the floor height is not possible to increase the

It is best to use a system of small mats.On the basis of the old rolled a "mat" with heating cables are hidden inside.Quickly connecting it, you can start laying the decorative tiling.Laying the tiles directly to a small mats.

Laying tiles on the mat
applying adhesive to the mats for ceramic tiles.

possible in this case to mount and infrared heated floors.Put them at the base, you can immediately start laying the material that is supposed to decorate the floor.But under the tile is not necessary to mount an infrared floor, so the glue will not stick to it.However, if there is a strong desire to do it, use only dry method and carboxylic film put sheets of drywall or steklomagniya, and then tiles.

Which floor heating use under laminate, linoleum and carpet

If you are tormented by the question what is best floor heating - cable or infrared, going to lay one of these covers, but is not intended to fill the screed, then give preference to the second.For carpet and linoleum laminate with a thin film of carbon - the best option.Its thickness of only 0.3 millimeters, and it alone is excellent warm up any of these materials.

How to use the system of floor heating

When mounted floor heating, usually immediately decide whether the house some other source of heat, in addition to these floors.Typically, the heating system is already available (or planned), and the heated floors are used in order to create extra comfort.However, more and more often choose floor heating as the main heating system.Therefore, one needs to understand how the system of floor heating used in a particular case.

# 1. If the warm floor - only addition to the main heating system.

Here you can afford almost any of the above systems.Of course, given the fact that different types of underfloor heating demand presence or absence of ties, as well as a specific floor.Well, and that the water system is only suitable for underfloor heating in a large private house with autonomous heating system, too, will not forget.And the rest - the choice is unlimited.

# 2. If the warm floor - the only source of heat in the winter frost.

In this case, we must remember the important thing: the heated area of ​​the floor surface should be not less than seven-tenths of the total area.Only then it will be warm in the house.When mounting the heating cable section should be as close as possible to each other to stack adjacent turns of the cable.So we will increase power density (calculated per square meter), respectively, and the impact of heat.

It should be noted that the heating mats, which are rigidly assembled, initially are not very much power.There's nothing you can do, so they are the main source of heat are not suitable.And identify with what to choose a warm floor as the core, in the direction of small mats better not even look.But infrared film, water the floor or cables fit perfectly.At the same time in a private house with an independent heating system it is best to stop on water underfloor heating.Installing them is done during the installation of the entire heating system at home, and then poured screed and made further finishing.

Installation of heating systems and water floor heating

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