What better to build a house - choose the material for the walls of the house
In one of the old-old tale of the three little pigs passionately argued, from which to build a better home.Tale fairy tale, but now many developers often argue on the same occasion.Most importantly, the material from which the outer walls are made.After all, they are able to make the building a strong, beautiful and long-lived.
- What to consider when choosing the material for the walls of the house
- Traditional brick
- Keramoblok - strong and modern material
- Aerated concrete blocks - material for the warm walls
- Good old tree - comfortable, but troublesome
- Easy and inexpensive frame house
- Table: Comparison of different materials for walls
- Video: What materials is better to build a house
What to consider when choosing the material for wallsHome
walls take up a quarter of the cost of building a house.And if blithely take this option, it is possible to incur significant expenses in the
# 1. issue price. costs can be reduced, if you take a lightweight material for walls.Then do not have to build a powerful and expensive foundation.
# 2. insulation. winter cold wall will cost too much.So, before you choose the material you need to do all the calculations, focusing on local climatic conditions.To achieve the desired degree of insulation can be resorted to the help of heaters.If we take a material with good thermal insulation properties, it is possible not to insulate the walls, but it all depends on the region's development.
# 3. effort. time and effort can be reduced if you put a wall of large blocks, rather than of small sized materials.Such walls are built 3 - 4 times faster and easier.The highest speed - in the construction of the wall panel frame.
# 4. Subsequent expenditure on the finish. modern and sleek aesthetic materials require no additional finishing the walls.This can save you.
to determine from which it is better to build the walls of the house, look at the main types of suitable building materials, define their characteristics are advantages and disadvantages.
Brick House is able to stand 100 - 150 years.It perfectly survive hurricanes and rains and hail, and extreme cold and searing heat.Lay a brick wall with ancient times, so the technology of their construction worked through.Accordingly, a good master is easy to find.
ceramic or silicate
Ceramic brick is red.It is made of baked clay, so it is very durable and has a high environmental performance.This material is not afraid of the cold, and does not pass water.It is full-bodied (not more than 13% of voids) and the hollow (49% voids).Form holes in the brick can be round, square, oval, with the location of the horizontal or vertical.With the increase of the number of thermal insulation properties are improved.
Types of ceramic bricks.
lime brick is white.Its main ingredients - lime, sand and a little bit of additives.This type of brick is also produced as a solid, and with a cavity inside.Last lighter, and the walls of a much warmer (because the air - an excellent thermal insulator).But the solid silicate brick builder can treat variety of colors.For the strength of the brick does not matter, it is full-bodied and with a cavity inside.
series and facing brick and functions
Both types of brick are of different purpose:
- also called ordinary brick building - it is used for interior masonry walls.For him marriage is not considered small cracks.It does not matter if the corners or edges slightly repulsed, there are notches at the corners.
- Face (facing) brick must have a flawless appearance, possess notches and flaws.
Some varieties of bricks.
On the strength of brick and resistance to frost
strength determines the brand bricks.For this indicator, a special marking: the letter M and the number of series (75 to 300).This number - it stands to this brand of load per square centimeter.The greater the number, the harder brick.For walls or two-storey detached house suited the brand M100 and M125.Base or foundation laid bricks M150 or M175.
choosing from a brick to build a house, you should take into account the frost (the possibility of freezing and thawing, without damaging).To denote this index is selected the letter F, which stands next to the number from 15 to 100. It means the number of cycles of freezing and thawing without damaging the material.In warmer parts of the external walls is sufficient for the brand F15, where colder - F25.Facing brick is usually made brand F50.
Advantages and disadvantages of brick
|brick Advantages Disadvantages +||brick -|
|ability to realize any complex project.||large expenses for good master.|
|corrosion resistance, mold and mildew.||requirement for a solid foundation.|
|Fire protection.||The need for heat insulation.|
|Protection against noise.|
|A good heat retention.|
Keramoblok - strong and modern material
In Europe, deciding what material to build a house, often selected keramoblok.It is environmentally friendly (it consists of a mixture of clay baked with wood shavings), and from it you can build cheaply and quickly.The house is a stand for at least 150 years, and it can make a high-rise (margin of safety allows).On each side of the surface of rippled keramobloka, and inside - pores.The individual elements are joined by tongue and groove connections.
Keramobloki different sizes.
dimensions and characteristics of the ceramic blocks
keramoblokov dimensions are different, but they have a standard height equal to the brickwork.It is convenient - you can build a brick house on the project.The block size of 50 x 24.8 x 23.8 cm weighing 25 kg, and the volume is equal to 15 for bricks of 3.3 kg each.One such plate to put easier and faster, and the solution is less than required.From the width of the blocks are 23, 24 and 25 cm. Their length (determined by the thickness of our walls) can be from 25 to 51 cm. On this side of the castle is located pazogrebnevyh.
for masonry bearing wall blocks are taken, whose length is 30 cm. And if you make a wall thickness of 38 cm or more, and they do not have to insulate.For porous blocks have small thermal conductivity - from 0.14 to 0.29 watts per square meter per degree Celsius.Thicker blocks (38, 44, and 50 cm in length) are labeled M100.If the planned thin but robust walls, then we can take the brand M150 blocks.Keramoblok withstand up to 50 cycles of freezing and thawing.This is consistent with the brand F50.
Advantages and disadvantages keramoblokov
|keramoblokov Advantages Disadvantages +||keramoblokov -|
|low weight combined with high strength allows you to build even high-rise buildings.And quickly and without much effort.||high price - the material for the walls of the house belongs to the elite group.|
|solution is used more sparingly than the masonry - no need to use it in vertical joints.||difficult to find a good master for walls, as the material is fairly new.|
|Frost at a high level.||Keramobloki very fragile, so they must be very carefully transported and stored.|
|material able to withstand fire for at least 4 hours.|
|Thanks porosity keramoblok perfectly absorbs noise, and also holds heat.|
|walls of these units "breathe" by adjusting the humidity and creating an excellent microclimate.|
|Serves as a house of up to 150 years, with the thermal characteristics of the walls do not deteriorate.|
Aerated concrete blocks - the material for the walls warm
Externally, aerated concrete blocks look worse than keramoblok, but they keep the heat perfectly.The walls are made of aerated concrete thickness of 30 - 40 cm. Built into one layer have the same characteristics as a multilayer made of brick or keramoblokov.In the room is kept fairly comfortable climate since aerated effectively resists fluctuations in temperature and humidity.This material will not rot and spoil the time - he has an unlimited lifespan.A thermal insulation it 3 times better than brick.This has the merit of air inside the material.
structure of concrete blocks.
Features concrete blocks
Aerated cheap to transport and easy to install.If you want to cut the block, the regular hacksaw perfectly cope with it.Solution or need a bit of a special adhesive, construction is fast.If the clutch produce on the glue, it turns tonkoshovnoy that contributes to a better heat insulation of the room.Made in the factory, light units are the perfect cut, so that the walls are obtained fairly flat.This allows you to save on interior decoration.
Aerated concrete blocks have a low weight, which reduces the cost of transportation, and the material can be applied at various stages of construction.In view of the fact that the material is treated very easily, has low weight and large size, the mason makes less effort.
Aerated non-flammable material which is a good indicator of the compressive strength.It is made exclusively from natural ingredients and is absolutely harmless.This material is quite hardy, and the level of water vapor permeability of aerated concrete homes can only be compared to the house built of wood.
Types of concrete blocks.
For aerated concrete is the most important characteristic of the density (D).It can range - from 350 to 1200 kg. / M3.Depending on the density of the release of the brand aerated concrete by the letters "D" and a number.For the construction of the cottage, it is better to take the brand D500 - D900.Block standard size (20 x 25 x 60 cm) weighs 18 kg.It will replace up to 20 bricks (total weight up to 80 kg).So if you have not yet decided from which to build a house, take a closer Treat this material.
- Read more about it, read the material: Aerated concrete blocks deficiencies and declared characteristics.
Advantages and disadvantages of concrete blocks
|Advantages of concrete blocks +||Disadvantages of concrete blocks -|
|Master puts a light aerated 9 times faster than brick.After movements have to do less.||bending strength is low.|
|geometrical dimensions of the blocks are inaccurate.The smooth surface allows you to not use additional alignment.||Over time, the material may crack.|
|Compressive strength - excellent thermal conductivity - is very small.||Keeping aerated concrete blocks on the street, you need a good shelter them from the weather.|
|Resistance to fire - high.And with only natural ingredients in the composition of aerated concrete in the fire does not produce toxins.||need a solid foundation.|
|Due to the porosity of the material good resistance to frost, and the steam passes is not worse than the tree.|
Good old tree - comfortable, but troublesome
People wondered from what is better to build a private house, often comes to mind is this material.For a wooden house - it is the health and comfort.Its walls are not just "breathe", and make the air healing, delaying all harmful substances.The walls are made of wood in the room creates an optimum moisture and smell good.
walls of wooden houses have good insulation and retain heat in winter and cool in summer.The cost of heating a wooden house can be significantly lower compared to the brick walls.
Blockhouse manual felling
This method - the oldest, they are used by our grandfathers and great grandfathers.This is a frame, made by hand.The trunk of the tree is cut to the desired length, and then it makes locks and the slots.Next, connect the logs, putting some outlines of the house.Certainly it is necessary to wait for shrinkage - about a year, not less.Then caulk cracks and sheathe box windows and doors.
Today, this method of construction of a wooden house is not used.Anyone can build a house made of logs.Such a structure is going like a designer, talk about it further.
House of timber to build easier and faster
Neat smooth logs processed in a production environment and labeled.On the construction site ready supply details of who was going to the wall.Beam may have different dimensions and cross-section (rectangular, square, D-shaped).If it is shaped, that has protrusions and recesses for the connection.Oblique cut helps to drain excess water.The house is made of this material can be build with their own hands.
There are several species of timber for house construction:
beam made of sawn timber with a moisture content of 50 to 70%.As soon as he drank, he immediately goes to the construction site.Because of this, the house is exposed shrinkage (up to 10 cm).And on the wall sometimes cracks.
beam sliced dried in a production environment.Humidity of the finished product - from 20 to 25%.After drying on a special machine products ostrugivayut.As a result of shrinkage of the house, though, and there, but very small.
Glued beam is made of several layers of slats (special boards dried to 6 or 10% humidity).They are glued under pressure, the fibers of adjacent layers perpendicularly to each other.The finished products have a length up to 12 m, and a thickness - of 7.5 to 30 cm. They do not shrink, are deformed and go cracks.Therefore, many believe that it is glued beam - the best material for the walls of a wooden house.
Advantages and disadvantages of wood as a material for the construction of walls of the house
|wood Advantages Disadvantages +||tree -|
|This is one of the most environmentally friendly materials.||tree lights, can rot and "eats" the fungus.To prevent this, you need all the items are treated with special drugs.|
|build a wooden house not so expensive than brick.||shrinkage log can go from 3 to 5 years.|
|wood thermal conductivity greatly exceeds the bricks.||Sliced veneer lumber and log may crack.|
|The wooden house is very beautiful.Often, it does not require finishing neither inside nor outside.|
|foundation needed an easy and inexpensive.For example, a bar graph.|
|serves house made of wood, especially cut down by hand, very long time.|
Easy and inexpensive frame house
And what is cheaper to build a house?For some, the answer to this question is the most important.Then look at the frame technology.In addition to such cheap homes, impressive speed and assembly.Just a few weeks - and you can take root in the five-room house, which will be warm and comfortable.
basis of such buildings - a frame made of wood or metal.It includes rafters, pillars, trusses and other elements.Then put a heater, and above all it is sheathed with thick sheets of particle board or OSB.The wall of the house weighs 15 times less than brick.Expensive wood for the frame is a little bit - in 5 or 10 times less than for the log.It was not clear moments?