Plastered ceiling with his hands - practical tips and advice
Self plaster ceiling - the work is very labor-intensive and requires certain skills.That is why this phase of work, many prefer to trust the team of professionals.However, following the instructions given in this article putty ceiling with his hands can anyone with minimal skills of construction work.
- Required tools and materials
- Preparation and cleaning ceiling
- sequence of works on putty
- Features puttying plasterboard ceilings
- Video: Caulking joints drywall
- Features putty ceiling for painting
- Video: Putty ceiling for painting
- Video: Shpatlevanie ceiling
Required tools and materials
Before starting work, make sure that the hand has everything you might needduring work.
- spatulas of various sizes (at least two - narrow and wide);
- poluter metal (about half a meter in length);
- roller for priming;
- convenient bowl for breeding the dry mixture;
- building mixer or attachment on a drill
list of tools that can be useful when the putty.
When selecting the type of dry mix should carefully review the recommendations given on the packaging.Fillers are commonly used in the smoothing necessary small differences (up to 50 mm) if the differences are too large, the surface must be pre-plaster ceiling.However, putty "Rotband" allows to eliminate differences of more than 50 mm.For wet areas, there plaster "Concrete BX" in dry areas can be used in the adhesive mixture based on, for example, "Concrete LR" or "Concrete KR".
Preparation and cleaning ceiling
If the ceiling tiles laid straight, enough to remove the remains from the ceiling wallpaper glue and / or whitewash.To remove whitewash or wallpaper the ceiling surface should be moistened with water using a sponge.As soon as the removable layer of whitewash or wallpaper soaked, it comes off easily with a spatula.There is no need to wet the large surface at a time, as they can dry quickly.The best way to do it step by step, wetting and cleaning small areas of flow, such as meter on.
example removing sodden whitewash with a spatula.
for better adhesion of putty to the ceiling is necessary to cover the surface of the primer mixture.The primer should be applied to the ceiling in the two layers.First - parallel to the wall with a window, and the second - perpendicular to it.Apply the primer evenly, without leaving streaks and brush marks or roller.Brush should not touch the ceiling with his cloth.Keeping the brush at an angle of 60-70 degrees to the ceiling, while during the brush should be rotated around its axis, letting her wear evenly on all sides.The best result gives a primer with a roller.Roller is better to take a short nap, primed surface is not pressing hard on the tool.
If the ceiling is strong enough swings and steps, up to the beginning of the filler, in some cases, it must be plastered to eliminate the most significant irregularities, and then after drying primed.
sequence of works on
Knead putty dry mixture
the job better perform with a special mixer or attachment on a drill.Using this tool will allow to obtain a homogeneous mass without lumps.Add water to the dry mixture should be a little, trying to eventually get to the weight of the thickness of cream.
Kneading and preparation of putty.
Apply the plaster on the ceiling spackling
process is exactly the same for all types of fillers.Small spatula scoops up a little of the mixture and evenly distribute it across the surface of a wide spatula.The mixture was then applied to a wide spatula to a ceiling as thin as possible and uniform layer.Remains of a mixture with a wide spatula removed a narrow back into the basin.We continue repeating this process until the entire ceiling is not plastered first layer.
the first layer of putty.
After drying the first layer you want to remove all irregularities, towering above the base layer.High spots can be removed with a spatula or sandpaper.After sanding is dust, which can affect the quality of the second layer.Therefore, using a wide spatula to level defects more appropriate.
number of layers
It is greater than the rough ceiling.Each applied layer should seek to equalize the surface horizontal, imposing on uneven areas greater mixture.Each successive layer may be applied only after the complete drying of the previous.
Finishing coat must be thinner than all previous ones.Perform superimposition topcoat need quickly, not allowing the mixture to dry on the edges.Wide spatula apply a layer of putty, and next remove all unnecessary movement, firmly holding a trowel to the surface of the ceiling.When this tool is better to keep almost perpendicular to the surface to be treated.When properly applied topcoat subsequent sanding the surface may not even be necessary.
If the ceiling is to prepare the wallpapering, finishing sanding can produce.If you plan to paint the ceiling, Let us give him the perfect smoothness by treating it with fine sandpaper after drying putty highlighting and identifying irregularities in using the lamp-carrying.You can resort to the grinder.
proshpaklevat grinding surface.
Features spackling drywall ceilings
main feature ceiling spackling drywall that do not need to align the surface.Putty is applied only to impart a uniform ceiling smoothness.The first step is to align the joints sheets of drywall.Normally the ends of sheets of drywall are oblique cut, which facilitates alignment of the joints.If a chamfer on the edges of the sheets do not have, you should prepare yourself the edge of the drywall, cut office knife bevel angle of 45 degrees.
After that all seams and joints are pasted over glass fiber mesh.It is based on self-adhesive, so it does not take much bonding there.Pre seams better primed to get rid of dust.Apply putty to seal a narrow trowel, then immediately flatten its wide, trying to fill the two movements seam mixture and flatten it.
Hats zashpaklevyvayutsya screws crosswise, it allows you to fill the entire bonnet fasteners mixture.After drying the sutures oshkurivaem them gruntuem the entire surface of the ceiling and causes a finishing layer of putty.
Video: Caulking joints drywall
Features putty before painting the ceiling
That is already done most of the work, the ceiling pleases its smooth surface, you can start painting.At this stage, many are faced with an unexpected and very unpleasant problem.During staining the roller can stick filler pieces that break away from the ceiling, forming defects on it.Attempts to rectify the situation and to stick putty in place, tend to give a worse result.How to protect yourself from this problem?
1. For finishing, use waterproof putty that does not razmoknet of water contained in the paint and firmly hold out on the ceiling.If you have purchased an ordinary plaster, you can use a water-repellent primer for breeding putty mixture.Thus it is not necessary to add the primer directly to the dry mix, and the pre-dissolve it in water.
thus prepared mixture must be periodically stirring with a mixer, so that it is not hardened and formed lumps.Use this mixture to be faster, because three hours after cooking it will become unusable.
2. Water Resistant Primer can also be simply to cover the finished ceiling before painting.It will also prevent the gap from the surface layer of putty.
3. During product color, press hard on the roller, and be careful not to drive them too many times on the same site.
Video: putty before painting the ceiling
Some tips and advice on putty, you can get a look at the following video.
Video: Shpatlevanie ceiling
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