How to choose the optimal bath

By Admin | Plumbing And Water Supply
12 April 2016

Bath - is a mandatory attribute and the main subject of plumbing in any bathroom.This often serves as a bath not just hygiene, but also serves to relax and relaxation.Needless lying in a bowl of soapy water with a small amount of various additives and oils, allows you to restore the overall tone, make the skin more smooth and relieve stress after a hard working week.In addition to sanitary and recreational functions, bowl bath due to its large size, certainly involved in the formation of the interior bathroom.

wondering how to choose a bathtub, many users find themselves in a rather difficult situation.After all, in fact, sales of plumbing stores offer their customers buy a bath from a variety of materials, with the models of sanitary ware have a huge variation in the size, volume and form.

How to choose a bath properly and without errors


  1. Choose material manufacturing bath
  2. How to choose a bath optimal size
  3. What shape better to choose a bath, and what type of installation
  4. Additional features bath and expediencytheir use
  5. as determined manufacturers baths
  6. Video: How to choose a bath

Choose material manufacturing bath

Today you can buy a bath of the following materials:

  • iron;
  • Steel;
  • Acrylic;
  • Kwara;
  • Pottery.

cast iron bath - plumbing proven

How clear from the title, cast iron tubs are made of this kind of metal as iron, casting method.Self iron - an alloy of iron (Fe) with a high carbon content (C).To increase the specific qualities of the alloy are introduced into a further silicon (SI), manganese (Mn) or sulfur (S).In general, the cast is not plastic, not flexible, very strong sort of metal.One problem - it is fragile, however, the quality of sanitary ware made of cast iron is not affected.For example, to help to break up the cast-iron tub will require remarkable male physical strength and weighty sledgehammer, weighing about 10 kg.During the normal household use, the most that can happen is the loss of a bath in a bowl or dish soap razor.

However, cast iron bath owes its longevity is not only durable metal alloy, also plays an important role covering the surface of the plumbing.As a coating cast iron tub is used two-layer enamel.Rather, a layer of enamel, but applied in the factory it is several approaches.The first layer provides adequate adhesion of the enamel to the metal, and the second layer is the obverse, i.e. provides the required surface smoothness.Duration abrasion enamel cast iron bath is from 10 to 30 years or more, it all depends on the intensity of use.

When comparing the advantages and disadvantages of cast iron bathtubs, the conclusion is that the plumbing is ideal for installation on the ground floor of a country house.For toilets in the apartment, which has a relatively small area, this plumbing is too cumbersome, and its installation will be difficult.Although the current cast iron bathtubs are installed in a large number of apartments still Soviet-built.You should also remember such a popular suburban housing, lightweight type.Installation of the iron bath on the second floor of the timber frame or housing is not desirable because of the large weight of plumbing.

Cast iron bathtub


+ advantages of cast iron tubs

  • advantages of cast iron tubs
  • high structural strength and the enamel layer;
  • long keeps the water temperature;
  • unpretentious care fixtures;
  • No noise when dialing water.


- Disadvantages of cast iron bathtubs

  • more weight up to 150 kg;
  • very scarce variety of sizes and shapes;
  • laborious process of restoring enamel in case of damage.

Steel baths - a cheaper alternative to cast iron

steel bath is made of two types of steel:

  • constructional;
  • Stainless.

Baths of structural steel looks much like a cast-iron plumbing.Their wall thickness may be from 2.5 to 4.5 mm and used as a coating acrylic enamel.On sale there is the classical form of the bath in the form of an oval, and the most bizarre plumbing configurations: with one or more 'seat, with various headrests, shelves and curves.It is possible to achieve due to the plasticity and malleability of sheet steel, which is not the iron.

stainless steel baths are less widespread in the domestic market of sanitary ware, though, if you search well, you can still buy a tub of stainless steel.Low demand is mainly due to the high price.For example, bath of structural steel is cheaper iron about 3-4 times.Whereas stainless steel bath may be contrary to 2 times more expensive plumbing iron.The fact is that the stainless steel tub has no enamel coating, that is, the surface of the bowl - a polished metal and to extend the plumbing and avoid its walls corrosion or oxidation, the producers applied directly to food stainless steel, the price of which leaves much to be desired.

degree deflection plumbing walls depends on the thickness of metal and provided to the load.Wondering how to choose a bath, first of all, consider the complexion bodies of family members.For example, if a family has members who are overweight, then on the purchase of steel bath is worth considering, as the walls of the plumbing will be affected and the weight and the weight of an obese person filled it with water.All this can lead to deformation of the walls of the font.If the weight and complexion normal household, the purchase of steel bath with a wall thickness of 3 mm, is the perfect solution for apartments and for a country house.

Steel bath

As for excessive noise during filling of water, this problem can be solved in two ways:

Method 1


In the first case, on the outer bottom of plumbing glued Penofol (or analogs), sheet rubberor rubber.The plate thickness of about 10 mm.

Method 2


In the second case, on the surface of the outer walls and the bottom of the cup before setting applied amorphous layer of foam, which hardens when will serve as a sound insulator.


+ advantages of steel baths

  • lowest available price;
  • Lightweight design;
  • A wide variety of shapes and sizes;
  • Robust durable enamel.


- Severe deficiencies of steel baths

  • Able to bend;
  • cools quickly filled with warm water;
  • create noise during filling.

Acrylic bathtubs - extravaganza design ideas in the world of plumbing

Acrylic bathtubs are "cheap" and "expensive".Everything depends on the technological mode of production of sanitary ware and materials used.Sam Acrylic is a kind of elastic, durable and smooth plastic, but the store to buy the sanitary acrylic bath can be made of the following materials:

  • Akrilonetrilbutadienstirol + PMMA;
  • 100% PMMA.

himself polymethylmethacrylate rather expensive material, but it has high strength, low water absorption, and a glossy smooth surface.Bath pure PPMA during intensive use in a city apartment is able to live 12 years or more, but the price of this plumbing is 2-4 times higher than in the bath made for two-component scheme.In

acrylic bathtubs manufactured by circuit ABS / PMMA polymethylmethacrylate outer gloss layer is only 5-10% of the total wall thickness.It is clear that such a thin layer of 3-5 years can easily scuff due to operation.After the abrasion of the first layer, the lower layer of the ABS begins to rapidly absorb moisture, then all the plumbing comes into disrepair.Hygroscopicity ABS does not look like a sponge, no, just the structure of this type of plastic is porous and mainly the material bases for sanitary ware, but not as a front surface.

Acrylic bathtubs from well-known manufacturers of high quality.These walls do not bend at full filling of the font, and with acrylic coating itself does not occur even when water with a temperature of 70 °.It turns out that if the choice was to "acrylic", then to determine the order, how to choose a bath, the main criterion is a flow chart of the manufacture thereof.For example, if you need to install a bath in a city apartment, it is better not to spare money to buy sanitary ware made of pure polymethylmethacrylate.If we are talking about installing a bathroom at the cottage, or, in general, are rarely planned to use it, you can save a little and buy acrylic bathtub ABS / PMMA.

Acrylic bath


+ advantages of acrylic bathtubs

  • Minimal lightweight plumbing;
  • average duration of cooling of warm water;
  • wide range of different shapes and sizes;
  • large number of models with additional features;
  • huge range of prices.


- obvious shortcomings of acrylic bathtubs

  • walls of the bath can be very poor quality sag;
  • acrylic vulnerability to high temperatures;
  • must carefully choose detergents;
  • price of some models of the space.

Quaryl baths - modified acrylic

More recently, the Russian market appeared plumbing bath of Kwara.Mainly, all the plumbing of Kwara, represented by products of the German company Villeroy & amp;Boch AG, which is the legitimate developer of new material and technology.Material Kwara composition consists of acrylic and fine quartz sand.When curing of this composition results in a structure in which each grain of sand is enclosed in a quartz sheath of acrylic, each associated with a neighboring grain similar particle.In practice, the resulting material visually and by its smoothness is very similar to acrylic, but Kwara superior acrylic for strength and durability.

wall thickness of bath Kwara is about 9-10 mm, and if the sanitary acrylic certainly reinforced from the outside with several layers of resin impregnated fiberglass, the Quaryl baths do not have such a gain.Another feature of the Quaryl baths - is the ability to obtain and operate the model for the installation that does not need a power metal frame.There are many models of Quaryl baths that are visually similar to cast iron, and the installation of which is performed on the legs.Familiar classics, created from modern materials.Among the shortcomings Quaryl baths can distinguish their relatively heavy weight compared to acrylic fixtures, and high cost.

Quaryl bath


+ Benefits Quaryl baths

  • walls do not bend at full filling the bowl;
  • resistance to scratches and minor bumps surface;
  • can be installed without a power frame;
  • There are models with the correct geometry of angles;
  • huge number of shapes and sizes;
  • long service life.


- Disadvantages plumbing

  • relatively large weight;
  • high cost of production.

ceramic bath - the choice of these aesthetes

ceramic baths, according to the method of manufacture and the materials are divided into porcelain and metal.By value, earthenware plumbing is the most expensive.It is made of fanirtona - fireclay pottery, ie, the noble varieties of white clay.Fanirton itself even after high temperature sintering is very hygroscopic material with water absorption of 16%.For this reason, after the formation of the cup and passing it font tempering temperature on the surface of refractory earthenware a layer of acrylic glaze.

Metal-bath differ significantly according to the method of manufacture and cost.During their production was originally going to a metal frame - the basis of which further enveloped in aluminum and subjected to high temperature firing, followed by glazing.The main difference from the pure metal ceramics pottery - a smaller wall thickness, and the font is much lighter in weight.Price cermets lower than pure ceramic.This is mainly due to the lower consumption of expensive white clay.

As for the models of ceramic bath, the plumbing in the Russian market are the most common bath with classic oval shape.The color can be white, blue, turquoise, beige, and even coffee.Much less often appear in selling ceramic bath with unusual shapes in the form of a round saucer with the correct geometric angles or with a font in the form of eight.

Ceramic bath


+ Advantages of ceramic baths

  • Perfect smooth glossy surface;
  • A wide range of colors of glaze;
  • A wide variety of shapes and patterns;
  • Duration save water temperature;
  • No noise during filling;
  • Durability careful operation.


- Disadvantages ceramic baths

  • big weight;
  • located to chips and cracks;
  • high price products.

How to choose a bath optimal size

opt for the particular material and color scheme, go to the selection of the optimum size of sanitary ware.

This should take into account four main parameters:

  • rim height above the floor;
  • depth of the bowl;
  • Length bowl;
  • width bowl.

Dimensions baths

plumbing height is determined based on an average growth of family members, and also takes into account whether there are children among households.For an adult is considered optimal height of 65-70 cm. However, if a family has young children, it is better to choose a lower bath.

bowl depth - the distance from the bottom of the font to the upper edge or rim of the overflow siphon.Determine the depth, it is important to take into account the point that when filled, the water should completely cover the underlying rights.On average, the optimum depth of 50-60 cm is considered.

length and width of the bathroom are chosen based on the individual characteristics of family members.The average length of a font is 150-180 cm and width of 70-80 cm, however, these data are calculated per person, and the growth of 170-180 cm, not full-bodied.

The position of the human body, depending on the length of the bath
position of the body, depending on the size of the tub.

Now let's talk about the size of bathtubs from specific materials.

1. Cast iron baths are presented in the Russian market in two categories: the miniature 70 to 120 cm, and sometimes appear tiny in selling plumbing with a length of 130 cm;European standard and bath category, 140-150 cm long and 70 cm wide. As can be seen, cast iron bathtubs are very limited in a variety of sizes of the bowl.

2. Steel baths are manufactured with the length of the bowl 150-180 cm and a width of 70-85 cm. Sometimes there are tubs of steel class "economy."It was not clear moments?