Which house is better to build - choose the type of construction materials and
As it says - to plant a tree, raise a son and build a house.The minimum program for the stronger sex.The desire to carry it out are often very large - especially the part where the house said.But how to be, if you do not have any idea what kind of house to build a better and what materials he choose?Fold the wall of brick or ceramic blocks, and can quickly mount them to the frame with a heater inside?In this technology, and the construction is different, and the cost of materials will differ.Well, I will try in order to answer all the questions.We start with the first one.
- From what and how to build homes today?
- And what is heavy and lighter materials?
- How much is my house will stand for?
- And what is cheaper to build a house?
- How about building last?
- If I have a small portion of what it is better to build a house?
- In which case, you can pay part of the construction site?
- Which house less ter
- walls of what materials are inaccessible?
- How to take the project - ready or individual?
- What kind of house will be warmer?
- What material will eco-friendly and comfortable home?
- What are the pros and cons are of the heavy and light at home?
- Comparative characteristics of the houses of various materials
- Video: What to build the house
From what and how to build homes today?
now popular two main construction technology.The first of them - brick or block masonry monolithic.This "wet" process, as in the process solution is mixed.The second ("dry") method of construction involves the assembly of the house, as the designer of the major elements.The main part of the wall of a heater.In principle, the two technologies allow to receive very strong and livable structure.
main thing - to choose the right, from which to build and who will build it.This is especially true of frame houses.It is important not to lose with a choice of materials of good quality, and builders to find sensible that nothing naportachat.So do not hurry - if the house is made of heavy materials is not so easy to mess up, in the case of light materials is better to measure seven times, let alone build - so perfect.
And what is heavy and lighter materials?
fair question.And the answer is simple - heavy, or massive, also called stone materials.These include foam concrete and aerated concrete blocks, ceramic blocks.Well, brick, of course.This home requires a powerful concrete bases, usually tape.Covering basically make frequent ribs, also made of reinforced concrete.Sometimes using wooden beams and floors.
main materials of which it is built heavy walls: Ceramic bricks and blocks, concrete blocks, aerocrete, fuser.
If they say that the walls of the house made of light material, have in mind a panel-shield house or brick.The latter consists of a frame (metal or wood), a layer of insulation (mineral wool or polystyrene) and a layer of cladding material.In light house and a lightweight foundation - slab, columnar, tape.Covering may be made of wood.Such housing being built quickly and easily, in contrast to the heavy house.
Lightweight walls built from materials such as: SIP panels, wooden and metal insulated frames, wooden beams.
How much is my house will stand for?
answer is this: if the material is selected correctly and without marriage, and builders to comply strictly with the technology, the three generations of the house (and any) will suffice.A is 75 years, no less.With good repair it and the longer stretch.House of heavy materials, well built, can last for more than a century.After all, the material of its walls is very durable.To achieve such a result must be protected from moisture and solid foundation.Keep in mind: if the ceiling is made of wood, then in 50 years they will require replacement.
House of heavy materials will last a long time and is a good investment funds.
Skeleton same house, as a rule, is from 25 to 50 years.It depends on the quality of life of the carcass, as well as material for thermal insulation and the characteristics of his installation.The wood for the frame should ideally be completely dry and free from defects, insulation - high-quality and well sealed against water.Repair of the frame house is usually carried out only from the outside - is replaced by the sheathing and insulation material.
So if you want to built your house, and the children and grandchildren had a chance to live, choose to build a brick or aerated concrete blocks.These materials are durable.Neither frame house does not stand for so much as a brick.
And what is cheaper to build a house?
You understand that the house, which will last a long time, will cost more.For example, today there are frame houses, capable, an estimated 100 years to stand.But they are expensive to build - not cheaper than brick.And in the middle, of course, it is less expensive to build a house with light walls.For them, apply materials such as mineral wool, polymer membranes, polystyrene, gypsum board, oriented strand board, wood.Wall turns out not too thick, and its cost per square meter is about $ 35.If you use a SIP panels, it will drop to $ 30.Add on inexpensive lightweight foundation and transport costs (also minimum), we get the total cost to $ 240 per m² premises.
heavy cost of a house depends on the material used.It is cheaper to use cellular concrete, the most expensive - ceramic blocks.Putting the material piece solution - time-consuming activity, so builders would have to pay 40% of the price of materials, no less.Build a brick wall thickness of 38 cm will cost $ 65 per m².Aerated concrete wall will cost less ($ 55 per m²) and ceramic - more expensive ($ 70 per m²).Will a lot of money and massive base, and transportation of heavy materials.As a result, the average total cost per square meter will be up to $ 600.
So: tell, from what is beneficial to build a house: hard to build a house is more expensive than the lightweight, 2 or even 4 times.So if you have limited funds and do not want to get into debt, choose a house made of light materials.You will be able to do it and roomier, and decorate interesting.Very popular today are aerated concrete blocks, which also allow you to save more compared with a brick.
How about building last?
Sometimes the answer is to this question is crucial.Well, I will not dissemble - heavy wall not quickly lay out.In the construction will take a year, not less.And it is not for a very large house (150 m2).Think for yourself: last month will go to the foundation of two months - on the walls.Put the ceiling, roof windows deliver, warm, equipment mount - even 3 or 4 months Well, finishing and finishing work will take away a few months.So even if you start to build as soon as the snow will melt, the New Year holidays is hardly populated.Prepare the new home by next summer.
But light wall due to the absence of "wet" works are built for long.This home can be for 1-2 months to build.If all prefabricated prepared, the building is just a flash.The foundation will be ready in 2-4 weeks.And then collect the carcass and put insulation sheathe the house, then carry out domestic work.All about everything goes from one month to two, depending on the size of the house.And if you take the finished panel, the house can be, and 1-2 weeks to deliver.In both cases it refers to all the work to finishing.It can be started immediately, without waiting until the wall is dry and will shrink.In short, in the spring will begin - in the autumn accurately populated.
If the choice of which to build a house, the main criterion is the speed, the light house - the best option.
If I have a small portion of what it is better to build a house?
Keep in mind that heavy house and require a thorough sweep.We'll have plenty of space on the site to select not only the foundation, but also for storage, mixing concrete, carpentry work.Where it is necessary to put a bunch of garbage - broken bricks, formwork part, empty bags of drawers.To do this, prepare an area of the house itself.But for the frame of the building is not required so much space - only need to put somewhere compactly packaged kit.Do not have to look where the solution is kneaded and where to cobble together the formwork.And from SIP panels altogether "on wheels" can be built.
So: If you have a garden plot is already broken and everything put in order, it is better to stay at home easy, does not require a lot of space in the building.A house made of heavy materials more practical to build on a blank portion.
In which case, you can pay part of the construction site?
ate all the necessary amount at once you do not, you can invest in each phase of the work alternately.However, the longer the delay the investment, the greater will total total amount.Therefore, if possible, better to pay all at once.
Building heavy house, it is possible to invest gradually.First, build a box, and then make a break for any time.Once the required amount will be, can continue.Enjoy home it does not work - would have to immediately pay the entire set of material, assembly and installation of home communications.Only with the interior decoration can be postponed, starting it when the desired amount will be available.
Which house less terrible fire?
Want to know what material to build a house, is not afraid of fire?Who will tell.Fire resistance, based on the norms of fire, light and heavy at the different houses.Thus, heavy wall, combined with concrete floors give the class II fire resistance and wood - III class.Heavy materials contribute little to the spread of fire, so the neighboring houses can be built at a distance of 8 meters.
easily at home, which are based on a wooden frame, is not as resistant to fire.Their fire classes - IIIa, IIIb and IV.It's natural - wood, covered with even flame retardants, light up and collapse faster than a brick, for example.A membrane made of polymers and polystyrene foam insulation also can poison, giving off heat toxins.Therefore, such a house should be spaced from the adjacent buildings 10 meters or 15.
So: heavy and light up the house difficult not so dangerous in case of fire.And another thing: if your site has an elongated and narrow shape, build a frame house firefighters may not be allowed.After a safe distance to the neighboring buildings will not be provided.But it all depends on the rules of your country of residence.
walls of what materials are inaccessible?
That is: what build the wall of the house to unwanted guests they are not damaged and are not entered into?My answer - not so easy to break the wall, made of heavy material.And with bare hands can not take it, and with a tool it will take a lot of time.A hole in the wall of the house in general, does not hurt, and it can be repaired with the same brick.
But with the light house is not the case, and its strength depends on the material plating.In principle, any material can be sawed sheathing same grinder.But underneath it is still the insulation, which should pull out, and then another layer of plasterboard and cut.Poor, if the damage to the wall and the frame will be hurt.But still quite feasible to carry out repairs.
So if you want your house standing apart, was inaccessible to intruders, make it heavy walls.
How to take the project - ready or individual?Heavy
house can be built for any project - no restrictions.Many choose exclusive, ordering the project in accordance with all your wishes.But in the final decision, and there are pros.For example, you can show built a house on this project, and you can even see it from the inside.Find ready projects can be in multiple online directories.
Light house usually built on the finished project.It can be purchased from a specialized company with a set of components for assembly.And you're finishing your liking generate.But if you do not Telegram typical house, for an additional fee you can order a completely custom design.But it must comply with the general requirements for the frame housing.
finished project will be cheaper.But with increased requirements to the design of the house and its layout sample frame building project you are unlikely to meet.
What kind of house will be warmer?
Heavy materials for walls have thermal inertia.In other words, if a house thoroughly chilled, you will have it for a long time to heat, and in a long time teeth are exposed to.But then, when the heater is turned off, the heated walls will give warmth to the house.Therefore, in such a room sufficiently comfortable even if the outside temperature changes abruptly.
easily at home mostly consist of a heater which is not able to accumulate heat.Once turned on the heater in a house at once and the effect felt.But when you turn off the heat source in the room instantly becomes cold.Therefore, if the temperature outside will change dramatically, you'll feel it.This has to be adjusted with the heating system.In summer, in the frame house is not hot - because the walls are not heated.
So: easy to warm the house quickly and easily.Deciding from which to build a vacation home, which will be used periodically, stop your choice on the skeletal structure.Accordingly, the house with heavy walls, slowly heated and slowly cools down as best used for permanent residence.In the event of an accident, if the heating is turned off, then the house will still be warm.
What material will eco-friendly and comfortable home?
With regard to comfort, even in a light and heavy house to live well.Both are quite suitable and the temperature and humidity, and at any time of year.The air in the room will be clean and fresh.Naturally, all this will be achieved only by using eco-friendly materials and the technology of construction.Particular attention in the stone and frame house to pay proper ventilation.
for heavy buildings is very important not to allow moisture to get to the surface of the walls, or they settle fungus.Incidentally, the wet walls keep the heat stop.Therefore, a layer of vapor-permeable finish must have the proper quality.
Regarding the light house, then in any case do not sheathe it in chipboard.For chipboard panels are composed of phenol, dangerous to human health.It is better to take a plasterboard wall and obsheyte them in two layers.
What are the pros and cons are of the heavy and light at home?
- It cost inexpensive.
- house is built very quickly.
- On the site it is not necessary to allocate a lot of extra space.
- It is not as long as the home of heavy materials.
- Stretch financing impossible.
- In order to fire safety must be a great distance from the other buildings.
- damaged the walls of the house easier than brick or block.
- It is a very long time - at least 100 years.
- money can be invested in the construction of parts.
- The walls are very strong.
- building is not afraid of fire.
- project can use either - though typical, though exclusive.
- Such house building is expensive and long - one warm season is not cope.
- construction site should be large enough.
I think now you will be able to determine what materials, what technology to use and what kind of project.I wish the successful construction!It was not clear moments?