Technical characteristics of commercial linoleum

By Admin | Flooring And Floor Coverings
09 April 2016

Practical and convenient to use for linoleum floor - and take care of him easily and it is inexpensive.Among all its varieties worth noting commercial linoleum, characteristics which make it very strong and durable.This coil coating will withstand a lot, so it can safely be laid where permeability is very high.To correctly select the appropriate type to the specific conditions of commercial linoleum is necessary to know its characteristics.This is what we describe below.

Features and specifications of commercial linoleum

Contents:

  1. Varieties of commercial linoleum in structure and device
  2. characteristics of commercial linoleum
  3. Commercial Linoleum special purpose where applicable and what are the characteristics of
  4. Table: Propertiesand characteristics of commercial linoleum

Varieties of commercial linoleum in structure and device

There are two main types of commercial linoleum - a heterogeneous (consisting of several layers) and homogeneous (monolithic structure) linoleum.

homogeneous commercial linoleum

The structure of homogeneous linoleum

This coating is different penetration depth of drawing material throughout its thickness.If eventually begins to deteriorate linoleum, the colors remain in its original form.True, the colors, there are not so many - often an abstraction, imitating marble surface, as well as images for rock dust.

note that manufacturers do not knowingly chose these drawings.On this floor completely invisible small dirt, and it will always look neat.And this is important where people are constantly walking.

If the room is characterized by an abundance of computer equipment or electrical equipment, the floor is best lay linoleum homogeneous type.It has a nice feature - antistatic.

heterogeneous commercial linoleum

The structure of heterogeneous linoleum

structure of this multi-layer flooring.At the bottom of the foam base is vinyl or PVC.Middle layer - a glass and PVC.At the top - the protection of polyurethane with vinyl.

choice of colors and patterns are substantially larger than the homogeneous material type.However, domestic linoleum, perfectly imitating marble and parquet flooring, it is difficult to compete.There are specialized types of heterogeneous linoleum brand, designed for specific purposes.

1 - a protective layer;2 - the decorative layer;3 - the basis for drawing;4 - glass fibers;5 - Foam;6 - backsheet with markings.

characteristics of commercial linoleum

Durability and classes

Both commercial coatings are especially durable.Due to its high abrasion resistance, they have proved effective in workplaces and public places.European standards, which must comply with the flooring, are common to both types of linoleum.According to the norm EN- 685 there is the following classification of linoleum:

  • class from 21 to 23 - for indoor residential type;
  • class from 31 to 34 - for public premises such as;
  • class from 41 to 43 - for indoor industrial type.

Commercial types of linoleum can be 34, 41 or 43 classes.In public buildings with extremely high loads will be good material class 34. A production areas laid flooring class from 41 to 43.

Sometimes there is a dilemma: what to prefer linoleum, heterogeneous or homogeneous type.It may seem that the latter wins, because his figure is not erased with time.However, wear of both types of commercial coatings is approximately the same.For heterogeneous linoleum has a solid defense of pure PVC, which is very difficult to be erased.

If you pay attention to the technical characteristics of the commercial homogeneous linoleum, you'll find that it includes, in addition to PVC, contain some fillers, giving it weight and a smooth appearance after installation.However, the presence of additives definitely reduces the strength.From mechanical damage, he, of course, is better protected, but loses elasticity heterogeneous relative.Note that the price of these coatings is approximately the same.

fire performance and impact of chemical environments

Each of the types of commercial linoleum is able to steadily move long exposure to chemical agents.Also these materials have good capacity for self-extinguishing (once wound flame source).They are materials with a low flame spread over the surface when exposed to an independent power source.By themselves, they do not spread the flames.Usually commercial linoleum types belong to the class of fire danger KM 2, all materials having this class are:

  • Flammability G1 (slightly flammable);
  • Flammability B2 (moderately flammable);
  • smoke-forming ability of D2 (with moderate smoke-forming ability);
  • Toxicity T2 (moderately hazardous);
  • Flame propagation RP1 (not applicable).

Lifetime

These types of linoleum can match the term of operation of such materials for the floor, as ceramic tiles or marble.According to the European standards which means that as many as 10 years per square meter can cover each day applied load up to 10 ton.And then the linoleum remain intact, and its appearance will not change.Properly serve such flooring is not less than 15 years.

width rolls

roll of linoleum homogeneous type has a standard width of 2 m - the other is not provided.But heterogeneous material available in large variety of sizes - it may be 2 to 4 meters intervals of 0.5 m.

Environmental standards

It claims to these floor coverings can not be - after all, they are thoroughly tested for safety, fully conforming to international standards (such as ISO 14001 and ISO 9001).Therefore, in any room of the apartment house you can safely lay commercial linoleum, without fear that it will smell bad, or release anything toxic.However, before you buy, make sure that your flooring all the necessary environmental certificates.

Appearance linoleum

If we compare commercial homogeneous coating household, you can see that they are different colors.Here you will not see pictures or wood flooring, paint and multicolored patterns.Usually it or monochrome image, or pattern, comprising no more than 3 or 4 colors.Anything neutral, mottled or small grains.

If there is a common background, then it can meet certain inclusions, which are different from the shade of the background color.Think of it specifically to the mud mask.After all, usually with little soiling the floor and it looks that way.When the linoleum placed in public buildings, this fact is very convenient.

Examples of homogeneous appearance linoleum
few examples of the appearance of a homogeneous linoleum.

Appearance of heterogeneous linoleum
But the appearance of heterogeneous commercial linoleum can either repeat the texture and abstraction of his younger brother - household linoleum and homogenous be like.

Total thickness and thickness of the protective layer thickness

classified all types of coatings for commerce norm EN- 428. Typically, this option is 2 mm.For heterogeneous linoleum there is one standard - EN- 429. It determines the thickness of the protective layer of PVC.Usually, a heterogeneous linoleum, it ranges from 0.7 to 1 mm, however, in some specifications of commercial collections of heterogeneous linoleum may be different.This happens when the material has a specific purpose.

Other features

  • One square meter of commercial linoleum weighs an average of 2.8 to 3.2 kg.
  • noise absorption varies from 6 to 10 decibels.

Commercial Linoleum special purpose where applicable and what are the characteristics of

Linoleum labeled "commercial" is intended for use there, where the large number of people.Such places, where the floor is exposed to constant severe stress, called the commercial zones.

But there are a number of varieties of this linoleum, which have additional features.They have a rather narrow application.

material prevents slipping

This material to prevent slipping has a distinct relief.Apply it where constantly wet.This, for example, swimming pool, sauna, shower, WC.

If the room is constantly in contact with water, it is the best choice - slip coating.It will help prevent injury at work or in a public place.Due to this so called linoleum Safety (Security).To create a non-slip surface material is added in a quartz or SiC chips (or the top layer or in the entire thickness of the floor covering).

Safety covers only negative - is the one that they are more difficult to clean than smooth linoleum.After a rough surface fine dirt sticks - try it out prowess.But manufacturers have tried to remedy this deficiency, thoughtful special polymer additives.They penetrate into the thickness of the material, filling his pores.Caring for such floor becomes a lot easier.

Anti-linoleum

Types linoleum, antistatic

They are needed in those areas where you want to get rid of static electricity.Designated use - computer centers, operational management for the production of precision electronics.

for operating rooms and x-ray is necessary antistatic effect.Otherwise, the electronic equipment interference may occur, leading to tragic consequences.Therefore used linoleum with antistatic properties, which is considered as such, if the ability to accumulate a charge no more than 2 kW.This is determined by norm EN 1815. However, often a smaller charge was the cause of unpleasant situations.

following data are available:

  • Rank 100 in the methods of destroying information on magnetic media.
  • discharge from 50 to ignite flammable gases.
  • Rank just 5 able to break the magnetic layer of the hard disk or floppy disk - bad sectors make these devices unsuitable for reading and writing.
  • often defects caused by the discharge, are not immediate, existing in a latent form, and after a while the equipment breaks down.
  • small jolt of electricity interfere and accelerate the accumulation of dust.

material with high noise muting

To achieve this, use foam PVC base.Shumapogloschenie can be up to 20 decibel extraneous sounds.Otherwise, the power of sound vibrations is reduced by 100 times.An additional "bonus": a linoleum is also a very comfortable walking.Its scope is the space to which increased requirements for acoustics.

Resistance to chemicals

There are also areas where the floor is needed, resistant to chemicals.Any commercial linoleum, the characteristics of which allow no consequences to spill onto the floor a high concentration of acid or petrol.

Sterile cover

in hospitals their claims to the floors - need special sterility.For these special types of linoleum produced containing substances of bactericidal action.Not only do they sterilize the room, but do not wear, when it rolls the hospital beds and wheelchairs.

Table: Features and specifications of commercial linoleum

Options minimum values ​​
class durability 34;41;42;43
Group and the degree of abrasion Group T, ≤ 30
thickness of the protective layer of a heterogeneous coating from 0.7 to 1 mm
width heterogeneous linoleum, m. 2;2.5;3;3.5;4
Width homogeneous linoleum, m. 2
Weight linoleum from 2.8 to 3.2 kg.
Flammability G1 (slightly flammable)
Flammability B2 (moderately flammable)
smoke-forming ability D2 (with moderate smoke-forming ability)
Toxicity T2 (moderately hazardous)
Flame spread RP1 (not applicable)
noise absorption From 6 to 10 decibel
absolute residual deformation mm. from 0,05 - 0,1
Lifetime 15 years
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