Types of bricks in production material, colors, textures and forms

By Admin | Construction Materials
10 April 2016

Facing brick looks more attractive than the average - in fact it is part of the walls and should not "lose face."It is used not only for the lining, but also for making beautiful fences, and in some cases for interior furnishings.As you can see in the photos presented below, type and color of bricks differ greatly.And what is it - read on.

Types of bricks of color and photos


  1. Types of bricks depending on the material manufacturing
  2. perforated and solid facing brick
  3. Types colors bricks
  4. types front surface
  5. Varieties form facingbrick
  6. About the size of bricks

Types of bricks depending on the material manufacturing

main ingredients used in the manufacture of a brick - a cement with limestone and clay.For coloring substances of natural origin are used.The resulting material is resistant to frost fierce, does not pass water, and environmentally safe.Depending on the production technology and ingredients used face brick can be: ceramic,

clinker, hyperpressed and silicate.

Ceramic brick

This type of cladding material may be hollow or full-bodied design.Produce the bricks from certain clays.On the exterior is not affected, but the load on the supporting structures (which directly depends on the severity of materials) is different - this should be considered when buying a brick.

As regards the front surface, it decorate a variety of ways.The classic version - smooth plane (shiny or matte).Possible textured finish that simulates a completely different material (eg rock).Popular finish - glazing, gives the surface a kind of elegant and beautiful shine.A great option for making mosaics.

Ceramic brick
ceramic hollow facing brick.


This type of product also refers to ceramics, but it is more modern variation.Through the addition of a special kind of clay and fired at very high temperatures, it turns out very strong and durable material.It is useful where a large and constant load.Klinker products are well arrange the windows openings with doors pave paths in the country or territory of the yard, decorate the base.

Since brick has a high density and low pore its very low water absorption.This fact increases the resistance to frost.Lined plane can serve as long time without covering cracked and chipped, and without losing the beauty of.But increased density lies a small catch - increasing thermal conductivity.

great diversity as a palette of different tones of clinker stone, and its overall performance.For example, there is a view called "long brick", whose length is really solid - 52.8 cm.The width and height is 10.8 and 3.7 cm.

Clinker brick
Clinker hollow facing brick.

Hyperpressed brick

This kind of product is obtained without the use of firing.Instead, it is used a high-pressure method, with it acting on the molded articles.Components such as sand and clay, from the composition of the bricks are excluded.It uses limestone, cement additives and specialty dyes.

Thanks to technology, has a very textured brick chips, like a kind of natural stone surface.It is often played up artists, designers, resulting in a highly original building.Furthermore, bricks of this type is easy to process, while its properties are maintained.

hyperpressed products have high strength, not afraid of fierce cold and their form is ideal (no irregularities or deviations from right angles).However, the thermal conductivity is high enough (because it depends on the density).That is probably the only drawback.However, it is easy to fix using a heat insulator.

Hyperpressed brick
Hyperpressed brick.

lime brick

This kind cheaper all, but on external characteristics, it is one of the last places.Therefore, facing silicate products are used less and less.People want to see the walls of their houses decorated beautifully and tastefully, and other materials allow us to make it better than the sand-lime brick.

Lime brick
Solid sand-lime brick.

perforated and solid facing brick

bricks for facades can be monolithic (full-bodied), filled with material throughout and having a solid weight.Among them is a more robust lining (and colder).

Hollow - a product with internal cavities (round, square, rectangular).This brick is lightweight and better at trapping heat by storing it inside the voids.

Types colors bricks

When selecting shade for facade homes, look at what scale have windows, doors, roof and other elements.Also, the choice of color depends on the size and shape of the building.

So, if the area is facing a little, the eye is able to see less than the color tones of brick.Many of them will seem dimmer and whiter than it really is.Therefore, when you make small details choose colors brighter, posochnee that they played as it should.

If you want to see in all its glory some not very bright or dusky tone, use enough area.Let's lay out all the great brick wall so.Keep in mind that the very dark colors are often perceived as a solid black.

Also remember the combination of colors when they are close.Together, they look different than alone.If the brightness is approximately equal, then they can change tones (in the masonry of the Bavarian type for that matter).This effect is particularly noticeable when the frame of one color with another.But on the border much the opposite: the colors become saturated edge (dark - dark, light - light), as if trying to isolate themselves from each other.

color of the front ceramic and clinker ceramic brick

Color range of these products is extensive, but even a single color may be different shades of parties.After eventually getting the color depends on the firing, as well as the presence of certain impurities (usually metallic).For example, iron gives erythema.What it is, the brighter the bricks.

And if the trim spending, in turn, using products from different parties, on the walls can turn out not very aesthetic colorful group of bricks.Experienced masons, however, figured out how to handle it: they take the bricks from one party, then another, then a third.As a result, the wall comes out of uniform color - color differences are small and are not striking.

And a number of manufacturers also decided to help consumers by releasing a pack of bricks whose color is different.Even more than that - sometimes even the surface of the individual parts has smooth color shades.All the above features are the norm for this type of brick.

So you were able to assess all the color characteristics of ceramic bricks, below we present the photo is not the individual bricks and masonry from certain colors of ceramic bricks:















Colors hyper-pressed bricks

There is no firing, so products sets the tone coloring pigment added to the molding composition.Due to this fact all the bricks are painted exactly over the entire volume, but the party did not differ in range of each other.However, the addition of cement, with its dirty-gray reduces the brightness of the product.They can always be distinguished from the clinker and ceramic bricks on a slightly gray shade - so-called "concrete."

photo of bricks and colors:



























Colors silicate bricks

easiest way to paint a brick throughout the mass, for which the dye is added to the capacity of the mixer, where the blank mixture.To measure out the right amount of paint used dispenser.It is important not to overdo it: too much ink is expensive and can lead to a deterioration of strength.And if you put a little dye, the product will turn pale and ugly.Sometimes, in order to save, was subjected to coloring only the front layer on both sides.

main color in which color lime bricks are presented below:







types front surface

Diversify types of bricks helpsdesign of its relief or texture.At the same time on a spoon (butting) is roughened, recess or depression forming the pattern.It can be ordered or randomly applied.To obtain using several methods.

texture of ceramic and clinker

In those bricks which is used in the production of roasting, the relief to create simpler to wet moldings cause the desired images, and then dried and sent them in the oven until fully cured.This method does not damage the surface coating, so that the grooved bricks remain as strong as smooth.

Species their very impressive and show all the samples in the framework of this material is not possible, but some of the most interessno texture you can see below:
















addition use other methods of creating invoices.

Gunning. In this method is applied on the face of products of mineral origin crumbs - do it before firing.Due to the welding of the crumbs from the brick surface formed the original invoice.A combination of different colors allows the product to tune up with new colors transition smoothly into each other.

Note that it requires a high temperature (to melt the mineral particles and bake them to the surface), so smoothing is subjected to a clinker.Producing decorative products can be beautifully decorate columns, corners of the mansion, windows with doors.However, relief

worse care than a smooth plane.A brick torkretirovanny more dirt collects.And if he's white or light cream, you have to clean it quite often, doing a lot of effort.

Torketirovanny brick
Ceramic brick torkretirovanny mineral crumb.

torkretirovannogo Masonry of bricks.

engobing - ceramic coating.
It uses liquid ceramic mass (engobed).It is applied by irrigation or sprayed onto the surface of the (already well dried), covering all the color and texture of the product.This is followed by burning in the furnace.As a result, brick acquires a ceramic coating thickness of about one millimeter.

Sometimes, to achieve a certain effect (for example, the illusion of ancient brickwork), engobe does not cover the entire front surface, and only a few areas.So get interesting color transitions.

Regarding performance properties, they are approximately the same as other types of bricks.However, one should not forget that the finishing layer is thin enough, so we need to act carefully to avoid accidentally scratched or chipped him.

engobing Some species are listed below:





glazed. This technique is very similar to the previous one.But it is not used for the finishing mix the clay and glaze special composition.It is much stronger and more decorative.Furthermore, such a surface that resembles glass acquires protection from moisture.Here you can experiment with in full colors and patterns - this is quite glazing allows.Required firing - without finish hardens.

Examples of ceramic bricks covered with glaze:




invoice for hyperpressed bricks

Since the manufacture of these products high temperatures are not used for giving relief actotherwise than in all the methods described above.To do this, we began to use the method split bricks, receiving goods, having a form of natural stone.Visually, it looks just like a broken piece of chipped rock.Betraying chipped brick different manufacturers produce entire product line with specific invoices.Those manufacturers have begun to give their names produced invoices, so the market can be seen hyper-pressed bricks that have the same views on the chips, but different names.

split is carried out using special equipment.This equipment presdtavlyaet a sort of guillotine that splits the bricks in the correct plane, the result is a texture, which is called the puncture.To make a brick, for example, the invoice under the name "ragged brick" puncture or even a flat blank, on the perimeter of the front surface is subjected to an additional chipping using a special machine.Thus plunging the workpiece processing is performed following various billing hyper-pressed bricks: crushed, broken, rock, wild stone, marble, Finnish.


Wild stone.











texture of sand-lime brick

lime brick can boast such a variety of textures.However, modern technology allows to create on the front surface of the brick rustirovannuyu and stab texture.





Variety of shapes of bricks

That way you can magically transform facing house is a conventional rectangular "box".Do something exclusive, original and impressive.It was not clear moments?