In suburban areas with difficult terrain, there is often a need for the construction of staircases.It should be noted that these ladders are integral elements of the architectural design section, is largely determined by its shape.Stairs with wide flat stage can serve as benches on the terrace.In addition, they can serve as a showcase for placement of plants in pots and pots.Allocate an additional picturesque corners of the garden allow the ladder with a narrow, winding configuration.
materials for the construction of ladders should be chosen, given the stylistic features of the garden.You can successfully apply the same materials that were paved track.In the case when the ladder is adjacent to the house wall, it should be in harmony with it and on the materials and style.
bottom of the stairs can be made of brick or block wall.To cladding can be used slabs of natural or artificial stone, with smooth or textured surface or ceramic tiles or facing bricks.In the construction of the ladder can be used in
work should start by making a sketch of the future steps.It is better to create several versions of sketches, and then choose the best.For example, the ladder can be constructed on a slope, parallel or perpendicular to the side of the terrace, so that it is deeply vdevalas garden or shallow.You should carefully consider how to decorative staircase is framed and surrounded by plants.On both sides of the stairs can be built double parapets, and the space between them is filled with earth and planted flowers there.After the final location and configuration of the stairs, draw a working drawing, in which, on the scale indicated by stairs and nearby buildings.The drawing should give the fullest possible picture of the future structure of using it could calculate the necessary amount of building materials.
Dimensions ladder should be comfortable for walking.Stairs should not be too shallow or too steep.The steep stairs hard to climb, they are easy to lose your balance.Too shallow stairs - you can stumble on stage.It is better if the height and length of the steps is the same - if not change the rhythm of walking.For rainwater steps should be installed with a slight slope ahead.
On steep stairs, railings are necessary - they are bound to use the elderly and children.They can be installed on one or both sides.The height of the railing do with the view that the hand is convenient to lay on the rails.Railings can be made of metal or wood.They should not be sharp protrusions that could catch on clothes or injure a hand.
Basis stairs built on the strip foundation.First, is marking with a cord, the necessary earthworks, erected formwork and poured foundation.When the concrete thoroughly grabs, you can proceed to the construction of the walls of the staircase.Type of masonry depends on the size of the material used for masonry.In any case, the vertical joints must alternate, one after the other all along the stairs - then it will be a beautiful and stronger.It will be useful first to spread the bricks or blocks of dry.Thus, we can choose the most optimal structure of masonry.
When all the rows are stacked and tightly adhered solution, all the free space between the walls is filled with a mixture of fine gravel and sand.This mass is watered and well ram to obtain a flat plate under the base of the steps.Then, using cement mortar boards stacked stages.
can fully cast concrete staircase.For this will have to do the formwork of complex shape, follows the contours of the future of the stairs.Stairs will be a very robust, but require a lot of concrete.Steps are laid directly on the concrete as fill the stairs.
Stairs that abut directly onto the wall, over time, can move away from it.To avoid this, the wall clog after a certain distance pieces of rebar all along the stairs, which are filled in during concreting.Under the foundation of the stairs need to pour sand pillow - this will compensate for the movement of the foundation soil during freezing.