houses of this type can be built in hot southern countries and in the cold north, it will be enough just to pick up heaters.
World practice shows that the most cost-effective, high-quality and efficient construction technology is the construction of a wooden frame house.
Their insulating properties are similar to the performance of masonry walls with a thickness of 2.5 m. Research conducted in Canada showed that a house can serve about 150 years.Timber frame house, thanks to its flexibility, hardy in any seismic conditions, so more than 75% of Japanese people choose this technology.
Many people believe that the house o
To save heat brick walls, they should have a thickness of 1.9 m. This, unfortunately, is not profitable nor financially nor zastroechno-planning point of view.The thickness of the walls of a frame house in the average is 20 cm, and during cold in an unheated room temperature drops by 2 degrees per day.
traditional brick walls, wood or stone must perform several functions at once, including the carrier, the heat - and sound-proof, etc.This is taken into account during the construction: in order to ensure that the natural drying and shrinkage of the building, the wall thickness must be large enough, the foundation - a solid, and the time construction - long.
frame technology allows you to split the carrier is fenced off and insulating function.Each item is exactly fulfills its mission: one material provides durability with a minimum thickness of the walls, the other - effectively trapping heat, and the third - insulates against moisture, the fourth - protects against noise from the outside, and so on. D.
Eight reasons why wood-framehome is best conventional technologies:
- lightweight construction (eg lighter stone house 5-6 times);
- stable and durable;
- quickly built (the construction work can be carried out even in the winter);
- have high operational performance (energy efficiency, environmental friendliness);
- building materials are readily available;
- make it possible to implement a variety of architectural ideas;
- do not require large construction machinery.
most attention and effort in the construction of a frame house foundations demand.They may be either columnar or tape (monolithic).Timber frame house, thanks to its light weight, do not require massive foundations, which significantly reduces construction time and cost.House framing foundation building usually 1-2 floors.
walls - a multi-layered elements.At first, out of boards mounted skeleton.Outside, he obkladyvaetsya slabs of pressed sawdust or water-resistant plywood.Thereafter, the outer side is attached vapor-permeable membrane which protects the construction from the wind and moisture, and also produces steam from the inside, allowing the timber and the insulating material to dry out during operation.
Additional protection from rotting the wood is no longer needed.Later, outside of the house should be plastered, lined with decorative tiles decorate or other modern materials.On the inner side are fixed to the frame for insulating materials (mineral wool, polystyrene and the like), which are then coated with a vapor-permeable membrane sealed.The next step is the installation of plasterboard.All communications hiding inside the wall.
In recent years, was released a lot of new building materials that enhance the performance of the building, its durability, heat saving performance as well as reduce the amount of materials.In addition there is a heating system to regulate the indoor climate at home.In winter, you can increase the temperature to the desired level, and in the summer, is connected to the system, air conditioning, cool air throughout the room.The humidifier will provide the desired humidity, the electric treatment system will remove dust from the air, odors and bacteria, while the regenerative system also will change the air in bathrooms and kitchen, and also reduce heat loss in winter.
Without a doubt, everyone is thinking about their health and their families will receive information about the ecology of building materials, and given that over 80% of Americans and Canadians living in wooden and frame houses, it can be concluded that all propertiesthe materials used have been studied by all the relevant services