If you do not pay due attention to the problem of waterlogged soil surrounding plant roots begin to rot, and the foundations of buildings to collapse.This will not happen if you have a drainage system that will solve the problem of waterlogged soil, and very timely help effectively remove both ground water and sediment, reliably protects the foundation and walls of the building from the penetration of moisture, thereby prolonging the life of buildings.
This, in turn, is a very positive effect on the preservation of a comfortable atmosphere not only on the ground floor, but even in the basement.In addition, when properly installed drainage significantly reduces the costs of maintenance of the objects (houses, roads, lawns, etc.), and the planned repair of buildings and outbuildings.
The principle of stormwater
Principles of stormwater ("livnevki" or rainwater drainage) as a system for the collection and removal of rain and melt water with its subsequent purification are as follows.Drainpipe from t
Then begins to act a special system of channels, which is equipped with additional sand trap - it's the almost entirely removes the purified water into a central sewage system.Thus, "livnevki" provides a sufficiently rapid and uniform as possible draining soil prevents water logging of the surrounding space and stops reheating the foundations of buildings.
Ecosystem area is preserved as planned and sufficiently competent installing storm sewer system on the local area is almost not visible and do not stand out among the surrounding landscape, while retaining all of its functional qualities.
about the kinds of drainage and particularly their use in suburban areas
If in urban excess moisture in the first place spoils and destroys the foundations of buildings, the soil moisture in the open garden plots and kills plants, which are subject to malicious activity pereizbytochnoy much humiditymore than the house.In order to avoid this threat effectively and take a portion of the excess moisture, it is necessary to use drainage, both surface and depth.We consider these in more detail.
Surface drainage can be carried out with the help of point and linear drainage.Point drainage - is a developed system of storm-water inlets, taking the water drained from the whole area.First and foremost, they are installed under the gutters and watering taps.Each is equipped with built-in storm-water inlets siphon partition that holds all sorts of unpleasant smells of sewage and waste collectors, retention branches, leaves, insects and pochy sufficiently large debris.
storm-water inlets protection against mechanical impact provided by cast iron or steel drainage grates, firmly fitted and secured on top.Today, there is a sense of the drainage system for the equipment used is plastic storm-water inlets - thanks to the use in their production of modern technology and new materials they are quite durable, reliable and durable, and have a relatively low weight, which greatly simplifies the installation.
Unlike point, linear drainage system consists of special trays and trash boxes in which the collected water from the site quickly removed directly into the central sewer.Traditional drainage gutters are made of concrete, but more and more popular now receive such "advanced" materials, such as plastic or polimerkompozit.
advantages of concrete trays are the appropriateness of their use in areas where there is high mechanical stress, for example at entrance gates or around the garage.Top concrete trays are closed with steel or cast iron drainage grates, and in themselves they are very durable and have a relatively low cost.
Plastic trays or polimerkompozitnye though are more expensive, but they are much lighter than concrete, it is very easy to install, and are in a fairly short period of time and without any additional effort and cost can be assembled very ramified drainage system at the site of almost any size.As well as concrete, plastic trays are equipped with top drainage grates.
Applications such systems diversion of groundwater or rain water is quite wide.They can be quite successfully used not only for moisture protection of residential buildings and gardens, but also any other open areas such as parks, playgrounds, or petrol stations, in general, wherever it will be necessary surgical removal of excess water.
deep drainage, unlike the surface, is a system of drainage pipes, which, after careful treatment of the outer stacked in a trench.The depth and angle of the longitudinal trenches carefully calculated, cushion pipes are usually sand and gravel, a layer which, in turn, rests on a layer of geotextile.Top tube harbor again, sand and gravel and placed second layer of geotextile, fill the earth.Pipes can be both iron and made of rigid PVC.
In order to have sufficient guarantee of long-term operation of the drainage system on its site without additional repairs and other services, you should opt for products are proven producers, and in any case do not buy the fact that caught my eye at the very first.
production of high quality products for drainage, surface and deep drainage today engaged in a number of both foreign and Russian companies.They will help you, if necessary, how to install a drainage system, and to provide any service and warranty service