sizes of red brick - 250X120X65 cm;lime bricks have the same dimensions, but the thickness may be 65, and 88 and 103 cm. Single brick weighs 3.5 - 4 kg bonder - about 5, and a double - about 5.7 kg.
Brickworks also produce refractory and refractory bricks used for masonry firebox or internal surfaces of furnaces.Its dimensions - 250H123X65 and 230HPZH65 mm, weight - respectively 3.4 and 2.9 kg.
Crushed stone suitable for laying the foundations, plinths, columns, and walls sometimes.Booth can be ragged, platy or postelistym.For the construction of the stone house suitable clean, free of cracks, delaminations and other defects, weighing up to 50 kg.
Bulyga-boulders common in the south and are used for the installation of foundations.Small used enti
Slag - is waste from the combustion of coal and coke.The better the fuel, the better slag.By processing and sorting fuel slag can get light and durable material from which manufactures hollow blocks economic way.With a thickness of 29 cm, they provide thermal insulation, as in kirpinyoy masonry thickness of 45 cm, and in filling the void miner-lizov & amp; lable sawdust insulation matches such as in masonry thickness of 90 cm.
for construction should choose the old, stale slag whichIt does not contain coal ash and deleterious impurities such as sulfur and free lime.To get rid of harmful impurities, osobenyo from lime, the slag must be delivered to the site in the fall and put in a pile.Prior to the onset of spring, he will wash, lime extinguished.To speed up the processing of slag should be sifted through a sieve with a mesh of 2-2.5 mm, and then pour water for a month.Slag
used for manufacturing blocks only has sufficient strength, provided therein 30-40% slag sand grains with a size up to 5 mm and 60-70% of the sand with the larger grains.
Gravel - small or tumbled stone melkookatanny small predominantly natural forms - ovoid, schebnevidny.Fine gravel from 5 to 20 mm, the average - 20-40,
big - 40-80 mm.
Crushed - stone of the same size as the gravel, but obtained by crushing rocks, bricks, pumice, heavy blast-furnace slag.
Sand , used in construction, must be clean from dust, silt, clay, less than 5%.By size of building sand is divided into small, medium and large (grain size of 0.15 mm to 5 mm).When crushing slag and pumice get
When building a house you can not do without binders which include such as clay, construction lime, gypsum and cement, etc..
Clay consists of a variety of minerals, so there is a different color.It is used as an astringent in the preparation of clay solutions used in masonry ovens, plaster, brick-making, adobe walls, roofing glinosolomennoy and other works.Depending on the content of sand distinguish skinny, medium and fat clay.Lean may be used alone, in medium and fatty added a different quantity of sand.
Building lime is quicklime lump or ground.The speed slaking divided into bystrogasyaschuyusya (with blanking time not more than 8 minutes) srednegasyaschuyusya - no more than 25 minutes and medlennogasyaschuyusya - at least 25 minutes.
was slaked dough or Pushenko.Pushenko added to the dry filling, protecting them from the breeding of insects and rodents.
for slaking in Pushenko a small plot of land removed topsoil, leveled, laid wooden boards and they scatter exhaust-kipelki layer of 100-150 mm.It was then poured over water from a watering rate of 690-700 liters of water per 1 m3 of mortar.Keep hydrated lime is best in closed boxes or bins.
for slaking the dough in the ground dig a hole depth of up to 2 m in volume of 2,5 m3 per 1 ton of lime, quicklime.The walls of the pit clapboard.Above the pit arrange gasilny box in which a hole is made, tighten the net and close the outside of the valve.Damper closed with slaked lime, open after quenching.
to extinction in gasilny box (quarter) poured lime, then half the buried layer is poured into water.Once above the water vapor will begin to disintegrate lumps of lime are thoroughly mixed and water was added gradually.Redeemed lime, it is diluted with water to obtain a homogeneous stirring milk of lime, which, through notches tvorilnuyu poured into the pit.
The slaked lime water is added, the whole was stirred, and the hole is closed boards.When disappears from the surface of the lime water, remove the board and cover with clean sand layer up to 20 cm, and then the ground for at least 60-70 cm. This prevents lime from freezing in winter and loss of astringency.
for lime putty mortars kept for at least 2 weeks for plaster - a month.From top-notch-lime quicklime they receive at least 2.2 liters of thick lime paste, the second - at least 1.2, the third - at least 1.5 liters.
cements used for the manufacture of high strength mortar.There are Portland cement, Portland cement plasticized-tion, slag cement, portland pozzolan.Their brand ranges from 300 to 6000.
Cements not grasped very quickly and harden for 28 days.Start setting - not earlier than 45 minutes, the end - not later than 12 hours after hardening test.
cement Store in a dry place no more than 6 months.Even with the most careful storage cement during the year lose up to 40% strength.
Building plaster is available in three varieties.Start setting should occur no earlier than 4 minutes, the end - not earlier than 6 minutes, but not later than 30 minutes after hardening test.
gypsum added to the mortar, it accelerates setting and raises its strength.To increase the setting time of gypsum in a mortar is added, in the form of animal glue water containing 0.5-2% adhesive.When the setting and hardening gypsum increases of up to 1%.Prolonged, storing gypsum loses its quality.
to cover garden houses used hard, soft, or roll roofing material.By roofing materials include roofing felt, asphalt roofing, roofing, uncoated, roofing material, Fiber-glass.These materials produce rolls ranging from 10 to 40 m2.
Roofing paper is used as the basis for the production of wood tar or bitumen roofing and waterproofing materials.Asphalt roofing is used for the lower layers of the roof membrane cover ruberoid.Toll made of roofing paper impregnated twice tarry product and sprinkle with coarse sand or grit.Produce its various names and brands.Sometimes roofing and waterproofing.The first device for the upper and lower layers of the mat, the second - for waterproofing various building designs.Toll with sandy grit on both sides are used for the upper and lower layers of carpets, with coarse - for the top.Toll waterproofing coating with the impregnating composition of the film on the front side has a protective layer of fine-grained mineral.This material is used for hydro and steam insulation of building structures and lower layer of roof cladding.
Roofing material obtained by impregnating a roofing cardboard by soft bitumen with the subsequent drawing on both sides of the web of refractory petroleum bitumen with a filler and grit of various sizes.Divided into roofing, lining and waterproofing.Roofing felt roofing produce six marks an area on the roll of 7.5 to 10 m2 backing - eight grades of 10 to 15 m2.Make as roofing material with glued layer.
Stekloruberoid used as roofing and waterproofing material.It produces wool-based application through bilateral bituminous binder, available in three grades 10 m2.
Steel Roofing let thickness of 0.5-0.8 mm, 710X1420, 750X1500 and 1000X2000 mm.For example, the cover sheet 710X1420 mm with a standard roof area of 0.9 m2.
Besides black galvanized steel is made by coating the black steel zinc layer that prevents corrosion.To prevent rusting steel black coated on both sides with grease, varnish or liquid paint.
Roofs made of this material are durable, but require high operating costs - painting two or three years.
asbestos cement flat sheets are used for cladding the exterior walls of garden houses, walls inside the house, outbuildings, as well as a roofing material.Produce from the usual color or white asbestos cement, smooth, embossed, unpainted and painted enamel, length 120- 360 cm, a width of 120-150 cm and a thickness of 6-8 mm.
flooring sheets on the roof of a continuous formwork diagonally overlapping, cutting the sheets to size.Also produces and flat tiles of small size.
Asbestos cement corrugated sheets of an ordinary profile and parts used in the roof of the houses.Wavy cross section gives the sheet stiffness and increases its resistance to bending.Sheets manufactured 1200X680 mm, thickness 5.5 mm, a weight of 8.5 kg.The roof is covered with this material, durable, easy to maintain and cost.
nails available in lengths from 6 to 250 mm and a thickness of 0.7 to 8 mm.Select them according to the material, which is attached by nails.So, for prishivki floor boards, cladding and partitions nails should be taken 2-2.5 times longer than the thickness of the planks are nailed, and for filing the ceiling, which is filled insulation, 3-3.5 times longer than the thickness of the boards.Nails must be driven at a slight angle, which increases the strength of the attachment.
screws used for fixing the door hinges, panes, shutters, wooden parts, and so on. D. Their length ranges from 6 to 120 mm, thickness - from 1.5 to 10, head diameter - 3-20 mm.The heads are countersunk, countersunk and semicircular under the direct and tetrahedral screwdriver.
steel materials used for the construction of garden houses and buildings are also used coach screws, bolts, clips of various lengths and loops of different design.
for finishing garden houses need different paints, lacquers, varnish, glue, copper sulphate, solvents and thinners, emery paper, pumice.
For flooring used in addition to boards linoleum, plastic and ceramic tiles.
Linoleum is manufactured on the basis of tissue and without it, plain and multicolored, with carpet patterns, rubber, pergaminovy, polyvinylchloride, glyptal.
Instead plastikatnye linoleum tiles are also used, which produce sizes from 150X150 to 300X300 mm with a smooth or grooved.
Ceramic tiles are used in the kitchen, in the bathroom, if they are in the house.Produce white and color size 150X150 and unglazed 50X50, 100 XI00, 150X150.
Glass sheet for windows is used the thickness of 2, 2.5 and 3 mm.You can buy a piece of sheet glass or remove sizes for windows and cut in a special workshop, which is available in any regional center.
reeds and straw - good insulation, they are also used in construction during the construction of reed-frame or skeleton solomitovyh wall garden houses.This material is fairly cheap, but quite durable.Produce it by pressing and firmware wire reeds or straw.Its thickness is 70 to 120 mm, can be of different sizes.
Fibrolite a chipboard of various sizes with thickness from 30 to 100 mm.Can be used for wall garden house, device partitions in the door panels and so on. D.
Tow widely used in caulking.It is produced from the waste of hemp and flax.To increase its service life it is treated with antiseptic or resin.
Felt - good insulation and is widely used in construction.Produce it from the lower grades of wool or mineral -volokna.To protect it from destruction by moths must be treated with 3% solution of sodium fluoride or formalin, or soak the bitumen or tar.