lower ends of the rods are tapered, and at the upper end, at a distance of 5-6 cm from the edge, drill holes with a diameter of 5-6 mm.Reiki mutually fastened with screws or nails.
When using cover rail and pushing the pointed ends stick in the ground to a depth of 10-12 cm. Kozelki set at a distance of 50-70 cm from each other.On top of the ridge lay rail trestles and throws the film.
end face covered with another piece of film, or left open.The height and width of the cover can be changed by pushing or moving the lower ends of the rods.
simple shelter Kozelkova type of two rails
simple skeleton shelter Kozelkova legged type of rails
Shelter 7. Here is another version of the dual type Kozelkova shelter made of slats section 40x40 or40x50 mm.
K ridge beam length of 3-4 m is attached (nailed or screwed with screws) to two side legs - 50-70 cm long rails disposed at right angles relative to each other.In order to give shelter to the ruggedized rack ridg
8. As a simple shelter frame can be used collapsible frame consisting of .'dvuh flaps connected window hinges.On sash frame pull plastic wrap.
frames placed over the plants so that one of its sides facing south, and another - to the north.Longitudinal side frame fixed pegs, arranged on the outer side.These frames are easy to use - they are light, they are simply moved from one place to another, they occupy a small area for storage and installed quickly and without any hassle.
simple shelter of frames
Shelter 9. gable frame collapsible shelter of another embodiment is made of several triangles made of slats section 40x30 mm.In each triangle to the rail 1 length 65-75 cm, the lower end of which is pre-sharpened, nailed at right angles to the rail length of 80-90 cm 2 so that the upper part of the rail 1 has a length of 40-50 cm, and the bottom - 20-25 cm.
Two rails 3 zapilivajut length 55-65 cm with two sides at 45 * and nailed between the receiving end of the cross so that the top of the triangle formed groove.Top triangle nailed a short cover 4 length of 30-40 cm.
simple skeleton shelter triangular shape: 1 - rail length of 65-75 cm;2 - rake the length of 80-90 cm;3 - rail length of 55-65 cm;4 - pad length of 30-40 cm;5 - ridge lath.
Custom support is set at a distance of 50-80 cm apart, buried the short ends of the ground supports 1 September to the transverse rail 2 and the slots triangles lay ridge rail 5. The side surface of the cover film is coated cloth, and for ease of shelterand facilitate its opening and closing the edge of the cloth nailed to the rails of a length equal to the length of the shelter.Face side cover (last triangles) it is advisable to obtyanut separate pieces of film or score plywood.
simple skeleton cover with cord:
well.- Appearance;b - stakes mount braces: 7 - stakes;2 - ridge lath;3 - pieces of cord;4 - Pegs for fastening the cord;5 - struts for stakes
Shelter 10, simple skeleton hiding length of 2-3 m, a width of 1-1.2 m and 0.6-0.7 m in height, shown in Fig.but it is made of two stakes and a length of 2-3 m section 40x30 mm and strong synthetic cord.
two stakes pierce 1 (Ground) into the ground at a distance of 2-3 meters from each other so that they protrude above the ground 60-70 cm. On top of the ridge stakes nailed rail 2, forming a U-shaped frame.By rail ridge every 50-60 cm tie cord segments 3. The other ends of cords tied to pegs 4, which hammer at a distance of 50-60 cm from the centerline of the cover on both sides of it.The stakes may be strengthened struts 5, made of strips and placed on one or both sides.One end of the struts nailed to stakes, the other bury in the ground, as shown in Fig.b.
height shelters along its longitudinal sides can be increased by making the pegs for attaching cords 4 height of 25-30 cm above the ground and tie the cords 3 in their upper part.
Ready frame cover cloth film with one of the methods described.In addition, the film is attached to the cords 3 clothespins.
Shelter 11. Shelter, shelter similar to 10, consisting of three pairs of pillars and three longitudinal strips are made as follows.Two rack height of 1-1.2 m clog the middle sides with beds and four rack height 0.7-0.9 m - its corners.It is advisable to reinforce the B-pillar braces, as in the shelter (Fig struts not shown).On the top of each pair of longitudinal slats nailed stakes, forming, as in the previous shelter, U-shaped frame.Between the longitudinal rails pull cords whose ends are tied to stakes driven into the ground.
sides with non-woven adhesive qualities shelter or cover material film reinforced by nailing it to the stakes, and the top cover is closed with one of the previously described method.
shelter with three U-shaped frames: 1, 2 - moderate and extreme rack;3 - longitudinal rails;4 - segments of the cord;5 - pegs for tying the cord
Shelter 12. Simple and convenient collapsible shelter can be done quickly and easily from thick steel wire or steel rod and a few wooden slats.Exterior cover is shown in Fig.a.For manufacturing
take shelter frame, three to five pieces of steel wire or rods with a diameter of 4-5 mm and bending them in the form of an arch of one of the species shown in Fig.6. Arch may be straight or angled walls and contain three or five rings for threading rails.Arches made as follows.Choose one of the above types of arches.Measure out a hacksaw and saw off the required number of wire segments, mark them with paint location rings.Round mandrel diameter of 40-50 mm is clamped in a vise and marked locations make ring, winding the wire on the mandrel.As the mandrel can be used ordinary scrap.Make the necessary number of arches, which then reformats, trying to give them the same shape and dimensions.
collapsible shelter with arches wire:
and - appearance;b - types of arches;in - frame with a ridge rail and power-stretch marks (side view)
Shelter 13. A simple shelter with longitudinal wooden slats similar shelter 12 can be done by using, instead of the three arches of single racks.Racks are made of thick steel wire or steel rod with a diameter of 5-6 cm on the end rings, and a section of wooden slats or 40x40 or 50x50 mm round stakes diameter 50-60 mm, in the top end of which the end fastened hooks diameter of 40-45 mmmade of steel wire with a diameter of 3-4 mm.
Shelter with single struts and longitudinal rails:
and - wire racks and racks of wooden beams (stakes);B - the location of the racks in the garden: 1, 2 - single rack;3 - wire hooks;4 - bed;5 - lateral cords
In these rings, as in the previous case, the insert longitudinal wooden slats section 40x40 mm, the length of which is equal to the length of the shelter.
The kit includes a cover racks of different heights: medium - height of 0.9-1.1 m, and extreme - 0.6-0.8 m.
The wooden slats and stakes, designed for racks, drill holes,whose diameter is slightly smaller than the diameter of the wire from which the hooks are made.The depth of these holes must be 6-8 cm.
When making shelters rack is driven into the ground to a depth of 15-20 cm, wooden racks and stakes secured prepared hooks from wire, in which the threaded longitudinal wooden slats.Arrangement rack is shown in Fig.6. If necessary, pull on the frame transverse cords or soft wire.Frame film adhesive qualities.
length shelter is 2-3 m. However, as the number of racks in length can be increased to 4-4.5 m. The distance between adjacent pillars along the length of the shelter it is advisable to choose no more than 50-80 cm.
Shelter 14. portable collapsible shelter skeleton length of about 3 m, a width of 1 m and a height of 0.6-0.7 m consists of six pairs of legs 2, attached to the ridge 1.
rail supports made of steel steel strip width 20-25mm and a thickness of 2-3 mm.Sections of 1-1.2 m strip length is bent, as shown in Fig., In their upper drilled two holes for attachment to the ridge rail section 30x50 mm and a length of 3 m.
supports mutually bury in the ground and bolted to the ridge rail screwsor through bolts.Supports mounted on a distance of 60 cm from each other.The side of the support may be vertical or inclined.
Ready frame covered with plastic film.When necessary, the film is removed, the pull from the ground support frame assembly and transferred to a new location.
autumn, after the end of the season, the shelter can be completely dismantled and its parts have been removed in the room "and storage.
collapsible shelter with supports from metal bands (with the end view of the frame side): 1 - ridge lath, 2 - the support of the band
Shelter 15. The dual skeleton cover, shown in figure consists of a boxmade of planks, rafters and ridge lath.It has a length of 4-5 m, a width of 0.9-1 m and a height of 0.6-0.7 m. 1karkasa cover manufacture required two longitudinal planks 4g5 length m, a width of 15-20 cm and a thickness of 20-25 mmtwo transverse boards 0.9-1 m long for the box;wooden slats length of 70-80 cm and a cross-section 50x40 mm rafters;rake and a length of 4-5 m section 50x40 mm ridge beam;Metal band width 25-30 mm (thick steel 1-1.5 mm and 2-3 mm thick duralumin) for the manufacture of linings for fastening the rafters to the side boards and a box ridge beam and rafters to bond with each other, as well asU-shaped metal brackets width of 25-30 mm thickness specified for bonding boards box.
dual skeleton collapsible cover: 1, 2 - longitudinal and transverse board box;3 - U-shaped metal brackets;4 - cylindrical rod;5 - rafters;6, 8 - metal plates;7 - ridge lath
This cover may be fixed or collapsible, so it can be easy to carry and to collect the spring and in the fall to remove for storage.In the first case assembly shelters do on the nails and in the second case of the longitudinal and transverse boards box fastened by a U-shaped staples and metal plates bolted screws.
frame cover are made as follows.7 of the longitudinal and transverse two boards collect box.The corners of the box are connected U-shaped metal brackets 3 and 4 cylindrical metal rods with a diameter of 5-6 mm, if the cover is collapsible, knock nails or if the shelter is expected to make steady.
ends trusses 5 zapilivajut the required angle and to the upper end of each pair are screwed or nailed metal pad 6 so that the two rafters left groove rail for mounting of the ridge 7. Then the bottom ends of the rafters with the metal pads 8 are screwed (beat) toSkid longitudinal boards 7 with their inner side.Install ridge rail 7 and bolted (beat) to the middle part of her pads 6.
Custom frame shelter film adhesive qualities.
film coating can consist of one continuous cloth and overlap the roof and the cover end surfaces (triangles).In this case the panel should be longer than the shelter, but it is more expedient to come to the end wall of the fixed film, such as reinforced, stronger.Then the coating can be made from a single cloth, or of two parts, attaching a panel or a middle region of each of the two panels to the ridge rail by means of thin wooden strips and the longitudinal side edges of the cloth beat extra rails for easy operation cover.
To perform various works in the shelter and ventilation film on one or both sides of the wind on the additional rack which is fixed at the desired height rafters.
Shelter 16. The section frame rails of a gable cover and bars with struts driven into the ground is shown in Fig.21. The shelter has a length 3-4 m, width of 1 m and a height of 1.2-1.4 m. Its frame consists of six stands 1 made from wooden beams, and a length of 1-1.2 m 70x40 mm cross-section, two longitudinalrails 2 and 3 rail ridge length of 3-4 m, five cross rails 4 and 5 are 1 m long, 6-10 rafters 6 length of 0.7 m and three racks 7 podkonkovyh 0.5 m.
All rails have a cross section 40x30mm.
Produce shelter frame in the sequence.
lower ends of boards designed for rack 1, tapered and covered with bitumen antiseptic.To the upper ends of the legs 1, or slats nailed pieces of boards 8 for fastening the upper transverse rails 4, as shown in Fig.21, and the view of A. Rack 1 bury in the ground by 30-35 cm, placing them at the corners of the shelter in the middle of each long side.In this part of the wide bars must be oriented parallel to the lateral side of the cover.Align the rack height.
Top nailed to the uprights 1 2 longitudinal and transverse slats 4, as well as a spacer (Figure A to strut are not shown).Spacer nailed to the posts, located in the middle of the shelter.Bottom sides with shelter, a little above the ground, secured with the rail segments or the board 9 lower transverse slats 5 (Fig. A view of B-B).Reiki 5 are used to fasten the bottom of the film shelters.
By mid-upper cross rails 4 and struts nailed podkonkovye rack 7, and for them - the ridge rail 3. Reiki intended for rafters 6 zapilivajut from both sides at an angle of 45 "and nailed to the ridge rail 3 and the longitudinal rails 2.After making one frame of film adhesive qualities of the above methods.
dual skeleton shelter with pillars driven into the ground:
a, r - exterior b - sketches nodes in - mounting racks in the stepson
Faceclose cover wall expedient durable sheeting or obtyanut reinforced film.
To extend the life cover rack 1 may be anchored in stepson 10 made of steel pipes having a length of 50-60 cm, the outer diameter 50 ~ 60 mm and a wall thickness of 2-2.5 mm.
Stepchildren - is anchored in the ground segments of metal or asbestos cement pipes (angles, channels) that are fixed or wooden rack to raise them off the ground and prevent it from rotting prematurely wear.
In this case, the boards are designed for racks 1, and opilivaem zatesyvayut one end so they tightly but without much effort goes into the pipes 10 (Fig. B).The ends of the rack placed in the pipe, fixed by one or two screws.For this purpose, tubes and racks drilled holes of appropriate diameter.Pipes with fixed racks they digged into the ground to a depth of 42-55 cm. The protruding above the ground.pipes should be 5-8 cm.
When attaching racks in the stepson might be prima another embodiment of the frame (Fig. g).This ant provides greater strength and durability of the shelter.Its difference is that in the middle of it sides with additional beds set upright 1, which is 20-30 cm above the corner posts together with stepchildren have a height of 1-1.2 m above the ground.These studs nailed ridge rail 3 forming a U-shaped arch.
further construction of the frame is similar to the previous version.Install corner posts and posts located in the middle of each long side.These longitudinal struts nailed lath 2. Three reception sides with associated with each other from the top transverse strips 4, placing them on the inner side of racks and with their outer side to short them beat alignment rack 11, which further secure the cover.