most strongly on the foundation of moisture, thus creating high-quality waterproofing will increase the strength and durability of the house.
wrong choice of material and poorly thought-out installation of waterproofing necessarily be followed by destruction of the whole foundation.Next to the ground floor is imbued groundwater.The increase in humidity will cause leaching solution from the joints and peeling plaster, wallpaper.
What you need for a good waterproofing?First and foremost, it is important to take into account the specifics of the relief space development and characteristics of the soil.Secondly, you must select the appropriate waterproofing materials.In this article we analyze the main types of waterproofing and their main characteristics that should be taken into account in the construction of the building and its renovation.
So, there are several types of protection foundation by constant exposure to moisture: lubricative, kraftliner, mounts and penetrating.
most common type of waterproofing material that contains bitumen and its derivatives.Obmazochnaya protection is inexpensive and easy to assemble.However, this waterproofing quickly loses its protective properties with a sharp decrease in temperature, and when the thermometer reaches 0 degrees Celsius, you can start to really worry about the strength of the foundation.Furthermore, obmazochnye materials usually actively protect against moisture, only the first five years.
However, not only the bitumen used for this type of waterproofing.For example, begin to spread obmazochnye materials based on polymers, polymer mastic and cold application cement-polymer mastic.The last option is the most convenient and practical because of its high security features.Cement-polymer mastic copes with all types of surfaces, does not respond to vibration and deformation as well as penetrate into the pores of the material and blocks them.
This type of waterproofing consists of a roll and film materials, which are kept waterproof mastic.By okleechnymu type includes protection systems on the basis of tar paper, roofing, asphalt, Ecoflex, Bikrost, izoelasta and many other materials.The elasticity and heat sealing polymers give APP (atactic polypropylene) and SBS (styrene - butadiene - styrene).
Unlike surface waterproofing, roll, fairly durable and extremely reliable, but there are some downsides to her.For example, to strengthen the gluing surface of the roll materials should be thoroughly cleaned, primed and remove all irregularities.In addition, it is essential to protect the waterproofing from mechanical damage.
This type of protective systems created from cement, sand and crushed chemically active substances wide spectrum of action.Composition enters the pores of the material where it forms threadlike crystals form.This reduces the water permeability and the area of open pores.The thickness of the waterproofing of getting action is somewhere 1-3 mm.Apply a similar protection system is preferable to fresh concrete, as in this state it will be better to absorb the composition.
This type of protection involves the creation of full screens of compacted clay.The thickness of the clay layer - 1-2 cm. At the same time he must be a layer between two sheets of cardboard, which eventually decomposes in the soil.
any device waterproofing depends solely on the material selected for the foundation.So, for stone and brick waterproofing installed at a height of 15-25 cm from ground level and 15 cm below the beams.Sometimes it happens that the groundwater level significantly above the level of the basement floor.In this case, to protect against moisture must not only floors, but also walls.Insulation installed both indoors and outdoors.In addition, the outside walls are protected above the water table by 50 cm.
Editor: Roman Adamov