Environmental and cheap house

By Admin | Building
26 May 2016

I suggest you consider the good old technology of construction of houses, the house is the result of an environmentally friendly ....

Most books about architecture, construction and do not even mention the well-known, almost universal method of construction building clay (adobe, adobe) houses.Construction of houses of clay - it is the least commercial, most secure and easiest natural ways of construction.The clay from ancient times serves as a building material.Back in Babylon and Ancient Russia for many thousands of years before the birth of Christ is of mud clay erected outbuildings, house.The technology was simple: wet clay packed into special wooden molds and then dried in the sun.

mixing clay with straw, natural light but durable material, reinforcing structures, making it lighter, durable and enhances the insulating properties of the walls and ceilings, turning them into a kind of heat accumulators, which accumulate heat during the day, do not allow heat to penetrate into the housing,and at nig

ht, on the contrary, it gives off heat.



So:
We raise the foundation as a conventional frame house and build a wooden skeleton of the future house.


reserves of clay, coarse sand and straw (large sawdust, flax).The clay and sand in theory can be found on his site:

need about 3 liters of pure water and 50 g of salt.Take soil samples, chop them, fill with water 3L banks by half or a third.Add a teaspoonful of salt, it speeds up the leaching of clay.Shake the jars long and hard.Rigid pieces let soak for an hour or two to soften, then shake.

Once you stop shaking the jar, the soil will grind into small particles.Helpful sand fall within 3-5 seconds.Make a mark at this level in the bank.Then 10-20 minutes rolled fine silt and sand.Then the clay gradually settle, the water will be over it.What will swim - organic material.All that is below the 10 minute mark loss in the bank - silt up - clay.If you have suitable soil for use, it will be seen a thick layer of coarse sand with somewhat less thick layer of clay, silt and a bit of fine sand.Ploprobuyte dig more test wells.Even within the same area there are places with very different compositions of soil, also a different composition at different depths.

Make a mixture of 1 part clay + 2 parts sand 0.6 parts straw.
To determine a suitable mixture, mix the clay and sand in various proportions: 3: 1, 2: 1, 1: 1, 2: 3, 1: 2, 1: 3.After stirring the water samples to stick together when you squeeze their hands.They should be relatively dry.The sample should not be at home - it should not be wet or crumbly.If you fall from a height of one meter on a soft ground ball (the size of a snowball) should retain its shape.If he crumbled - too much sand.If you flatten - too much clay.
Mix the solution may be using a piece of canvas or in a special pit (trampling mixture and lift the corners of the sheet).If you are using a concrete mixer - put in a mixture of sand, clay and water a couple of big stones that they swirled together with the mixture.Stones, cool, will break the clay and build into it in the sand.The straw can be mixed in the mix, pouring it from the agitator and legs.

Next, using formwork (pictured leaning against the cap) fill the space between the resulting solution studs .....


the resulting insulated wall frame house:


then fills the perimeterlathing for attachment of insulation and exterior:

is made from straw or reeds (ocheret) mats (associate linen rope or an aluminum wire) for insulation and mounted on the wall




Fortified straw mats are plastered with lime plaster(lime: sand, 1: 1-2) layer should be 25-30mm

inside wall plasterer clay plaster (clay sand, 1: 3-5).
Paint house exterior lime paint - in 5-6 liters of water diluted lime paste is added to common salt, dissolved in 0.5 liters of water and mixed.Water was then added to a volume of 10 l, m. E. To a working thickness.So get white paint - the whitewash.It introduced pigments (cinnabar mercury, ultramarine, lead chrome green, cobalt violet, chromium oxide, umber, ocher iron)


ustrivaet glinosolomennuyu roof:
This roof is cheap, easy to manufacture fire-resistant, but is heavy, soIt requires a roof pitch of 40 to 50 °.Service life - 25-30 years.Under the roof rafters glinosolomennuyu do more massive, filling them from the crate oshkurennyh straight poles of 5-7 cm thick. Zherdev rely on hardwood pins inserted into the holes of the rafters (hole diameter - 2 cm, depth - 6-7 cm).To not fallen poles, their ends are fastened with nails.

To prevent sagging rafters of the attic for them give props and remove them only after the complete drying of the roof.For the same purpose to the lower plane karniza- temporarily attach persistent board propped up a pole.

Straw should be without grass and rot.The clay can be used only fat with a content of sand not exceeding 15%.Clay is best to prepare in advance for the winter at the rate of 1 m3 of 30-35 m2 roof.Promorozhennaya clay becomes more friable and easily soak.From
straw is not very tight knit snopiki diameter of 10-20 cm and a length of 50 to 100 cm, chopping off ears.
loosened clay poured into the pit tvorilnuyu layers of 10-15 cm, fill with water (1 part by volume of the clay take 2 parts water) and allowed to stand 5-6 hours or more.Then it is stirred or pounded to obtain a homogeneous creamy mass.Density of clay is determined by the set in her straw.If straw is worth a while vertically, and adhering to it the solution does not drip - clay can be used in the case.If the straw falls, and the solution flows down from it - it is necessary to add clay (in water is added too thick).

first row of the roof is laid out with a sheaf exactly chopped off the butt end that is pressed against a hard board.Having laid a sheaf in the crate, he untied and level.The first sheaf put another but to be sure it overlaps the edge of the previous one.Having laid the first row snopiki, check the thickness of the layer board.The thickness of the roof - 10 ... 15 cm. Snopiki placed in horizontal rows, starting at the eaves, with a gradual transition to the ridge.Covers the following two simultaneous ramp, the first stack one - two rows on the same slope, then the other, so as not to overload one side of the rafters.

Laying out three or four rows of metal straw comb rake and pour on top of a clay solution.The solution is then rap and smooth shovel as long as the roof will not be smooth.If you work with breaks, the edges of the already-stacked sheaf usually dry.Therefore, before installing the new layer is recommended to moisten them with clay mortar.

completely covered slopes combed with a rake, level of deepening and pour a thick clay mortar, nailing and smoothing spade.If the slide does not even do, then it will be delayed depressions water that quickly destroy the roof.

house built on this technology has antiseptic, deodorant, cleaning properties, in addition, the walls are made of clay and ceilings covered with clay, reliably protect the inhabitants of the house from harmful radiation, noise, excessive solar radiation, as well as a reliable heat insulator,protecting both the steppe summer heat and the winter cold.