Heuchera (heuchera)

By Admin | Garden, Garden
26 May 2016

history Heuchera like a Cinderella story, suddenly became a beautiful princess.Once there was a garden Heuchera sanguinea - beautiful cushion delicate foliage with small red flowers bell-high (40 cm) stalks.Heuchera, as well as its close relatives - tiarella, geyherella, Tolman - belong to the family saxifrage.Homeland - North America.Very modest plant.Then there were the seeds of varieties we Heuchera villosa f.purpurea 'Palace Purple'.Seedlings are not repeated properties of parents, distinguished by their shape and color purple and maroon-chocolate leaves.

Could anyone imagine that in a few years will Heuchera for everyone?Amber, lemon-yellow, silver, brindle, brown leaves and white, green, red, pink flowers.The leaves are so diverse and beautiful, that these plants bloom and do not need.But flowers have new varieties became larger, showing off in paniculate inflorescences on numerous stalks.Fantasy breeders could see the enormous potential of this plant and gave growers a new subject for admiring
collectors.The varieties referred to in the article are of hybrid origin.

hybrids are divided into decorative and deciduous and dekorativnotsvetuschie.As a rule, Flowering varieties have green leaves or green-and-white.Although there are exceptions, for example, a grade 'Swirling Fantasy' has burgundy leaves and deep pink flowers.Varieties with ornamental foliage deserve special attention as attractive all season, creating a spot of color in the garden.It should be noted that the composition of the different soils of the same variety may look different.Many of the same class have the property to change the color of the foliage during the season.

hybridizers among the first to pay attention to Heuchera were Victor Lemoine and his son Emil.They got a hybrid H. × brizoides (Lemoine, 1897) (H. sanguinea × H. americana var. Hispida f. Purpurea).Subsequent interbreeding led to the creation of several new varieties.Forest plants in North America and the Cordillera mountain residents moved to the gardens of the American and European decorative gardening enthusiasts and owners of pharmaceutical gardens (Heuchera contain astringent and antiseptic substances as a source of tannin, and some of its species are used in folk medicine as a remedy for diarrhea).

genus Heuchera has more than 40 species, and the passion of many hybridizers this plant is the cause of all the new cultivars.Low height and proliferation Heuchera made perfect groundcover, valued primarily for its striking variegated leaves.Heuchera - evergreen perennial plant forms a rosette of leaves.Leaf blade is rounded to heart-shaped base, venation clear.

root system, like all members of this family, lies in the upper layers of soil, fibrous, relatively weak.Therefore, the soil should be loose, moisture capacity, since the roots can not extract water from deeper soil layers.This does not make a long-term stagnation of water.The acidity of the weakly alkaline or neutral.Rusty prefers the sun or in partial shade.The full shade can grow only some zelenolistnye grade, and they practically do not bloom, but on the sheet disappears pattern.

Wild Heuchera are divided into two groups of species: eastern and western.Oriental species grow in wet and dry forests, sandy cliffs in mountainous areas.Types of western group - the inhabitants of mountain and rocky areas.Origin Heuchera and defines the conditions of their cultivation.In the shady garden landscape with rich soil type is best grown Heuchera derived from the forest areas.Mountain views are smaller and grow in rockeries and retaining walls.Hybrids may change their preferences, but in any case, the key to success in growing plants lies in the knowledge of its origin.

Heuchera grow well in partial shade and shallow shadows, and in the northern regions stand the sun, but in the excessive coverage of their leaves become limp.In the more southern areas of Heuchera grow in full shade.Cold hardiness of plants - up to the fourth zone.When planting on heavy soils need to add sand, compost, add a small amount of complex mineral fertilizers, ash.The organics should be excluded, as the plant is adapted to the rock, and relatively poor soils.

professional advice: Before you land from a foreign plant nursery, be sure to rinse the root system of the substrate in which it is traveling.

delenki When planting bare-root must be 1/3 to trim the roots and soak it 2-3 hours in the water with the addition of drugs "Appin" or "Zircon".

At the slightest probability of at least a temporary stagnation of water on the chosen landing site without drainage is necessary.By following these simple recommendations, you will create for your favorite Heuchera a haven, and in return they will be pleasing to the eye elegance, beauty and ruggedness.

deep drainage - a necessary condition for the cultivation of Heuchera.Stagnant moisture causes decay of the root system.For drainage of the soil, you can use a coarse sand.The optimum soil acidity pH = 5-6.Therefore, the substrate can be added pine sawdust.With age, the plant roots begin to emerge from the ground, so it is necessary to mulch or Heuchera share, putting them at the proper depth.Caring for Heuchera is simple: in the spring to bloom in the summer after making complex mineral fertilizer.During the summer the vegetation is very responds well to fertilizing ashes.In varieties with high peduncles better their tie, and after flowering - immediately cut off.On sunny days, watering is recommended after sunset because of the sensitivity of Heuchera burns.

professional advice: After the harsh winter of 2005-2006 plants out from under the snow weakened, and apply fertilizer in the spring to be very careful.It is better not to stimulate their growth and strengthen the immune system, treating drugs "Appin" or "Zircon".

spring sun for evergreens is stressful, because the roots had not yet thawed, and the leaves have evaporated moisture.To avoid this, it is necessary to organize pritenenie any "breathing" cover material.

annual autumn mulching plants or transplanting the desired depth - it is the biggest hassle in taking care of Heuchera.They are unpretentious and picky, being an ideal plant for large public gardens and small gardens lovers.Heuchera - the perfect choice for shady and sunny places where they grow in mixborders, being a good companion plant.Compact shape and lack of stolons make them the ideal companion (except Heuchera micrantha var. Macropetala).

As such, they can even be planted with plants that require alkaline soil.They can withstand the pH to 8.5, although the preferred weakly acidic or near neutral soil (pH 5,8-6,3).

Heuchera well with ornamental grasses, hosts, daylilies.Suitable for larger rockeries, rocky gardens, borders of homogeneous or alternating plants.

Growing Heuchera in a container will allow them to decorate the winter garden, a nice group to create a mobile garden.The long and cold winter leaves Heuchera 'Amber Waves' and 'Marmalade' give the brightness of the composition.Cultivation Heuchera container requires drained soil and making slow acting fertilizer, for example, to the formula 16: 5: 9, with trace elements and iron.Plants respond well to foliar liquid fertilizers, compost tea.

Heuchera - the perfect plant for the flower arrangements, its leaves can be used at any time.Cut the leaves of Heuchera stand in water up to four weeks.Having long petioles, they look in a vase as a beautiful bouquet.For those who teach flower arranging, this invaluable material: they are always on hand for a long time keep their shape and do not fade.The color range - from black to yellow, including green, orange, red - allows you to always choose the right shade.Small inflorescences are lost in the landscape, are invaluable for bouquets.

Temnolistnye Heuchera perfectly with zheltolistnymi and zheltookaymlennymi hosts Dicentra (Dicentra spectabilis 'Gold Heart').This contrast makes the yellow leaves the host more vivid and dark Heuchera deeper.Rounded leaves Heuchera look nice next to the long leaves of irises, sedges, miscanthus;as their combined well with complex leathery leaves Mahonia.Compelling zheltolistnye Heuchera in the neighborhood with purple barberry (Berberis thunbergii f. Atropurpurea 'Atropurpurea Nana'), or primroses 'Wanda' with yellow or red flowers.Nothing prevents to make a flower bed, and one of Heuchera - will not be bored, the choice of multi-colored leaves are very large.