Sea buckthorn.

By Admin | Garden, Garden
26 May 2016
In the sixties - seventies of the last century there was a real boom in sea buckthorn.Berry announced a panacea for all ills, and gardeners planted it on every available piece of land.Then the passion subsided, and landed wrong and deprived of care trees mostly dead.But time passes, and the mistress of a forgotten garden is worth recalling, especially because she really deserves that.And as a fruit plant, and as a medicine and as an ornamental.

sea buckthorn

Hippophae rhamnoides

soil - neutral, fertile, well-aerated - friable loam and sandy loam with high humus content

watering - a frequent and abundant, especially in dry weather, but stagnant water in the roots is not allowed.

Pests - "Sandthorn fly Sandthorn green aphids, sea buckthorn notched mole.

major diseases - endomikoz, Fusarium wilt, mycotic drying.

Botanical portrait

male plants




buckthorn buckthorn is intermediate between shrubs and trees.In the wild this tree shrub growth by half a meter up to 9 m. The cultural var
iety of multi-stemmed tree -chasche total height of 3-4 m, crown diameter up to 5 m. Thickets of wild sea buckthorn can be found in many parts of the world: in Eastern and Western Siberia, CentralAsia, the Caucasus, the Baltic states.She prefers to settle on the banks of reservoirs.

This plant does not tolerate heavy soils - it needs light, loose, well-aerated soil fertility.Most of the root system is located in the surface layer at a depth of 10-40 cm, and only to deepen the roots of the individual half meters.The roots are fragile, easily broken, so when planting or transplanting should be cautious.Sea buckthorn is very light, grow in the shade, refuses, she will have to highlight in the garden is the sunny place.Ideal - a gentle slope where the soil is light and does not stagnate water.Even on flat ground tree accustomed good - if all the conditions to ensure it.

Sea Buckthorn - the plant is dioecious males only flourish and serve as pollinators, berries and tied poured female individuals.Buckthorn plant is always "married couples".Better yet, organize a small "harem", surrounded one male plant 3-4 women - then the berries will be particularly large.Blooming buckthorn no decorative: the small inconspicuous flowers have nectaries do not attract bees.But the wind will blow - and a light cloud of flies with the male pollen to the female plants.Therefore, the "man" is better positioned from the prevailing winds.Buckthorn fruit begins from 3-5 years of age, before this distinguished male and female plants are almost impossible.Later, when the annual shoots are laid generative buds, the floor easy to identify them: the kidney of male plants are much larger.

female plants



Wild types and forms of sea buckthorn are famous for their safety device - long, 7-8 cm, very strong and sharp thorns, spines, which are covered with skeletal branches and young shoots.Because of the rough sea buckthorn berry picking sometimes it becomes difficult, traumatic occupation.Now, however, have already been withdrawn cultivars with few thorns or no.

Frost buckthorn is extremely high.Siberian varieties and their cultural forms easily withstand cold: minus 40 ° for their usual thing.Kaliningrad and the Baltic sea buckthorn less cold-resistant, but it is better to tolerate temperature fluctuations, almost podoprevaet with frequent thaws.Noticeable difference in endurance by gender: buckthorn - "men" capricious "women" suffer more when the temperature jumps in the cold and freeze slightly.

Planting and care

It is best planted in early spring sea buckthorn.In central Russia, it blooms in early to mid-May, the berries ripen in August and September.In late March - early April, the plant will certainly have to cut - to thin out the branches.The thickened crown reduced annual growth, yields are falling, there is a lot of dry branches, the plant is aging rapidly.Lives and cultural fruits of sea buckthorn tree 30-40 years - of course, with proper planting and good care.

Seabuckthorn, especially the young, can not tolerate the neighborhood with other plants, even small and inconspicuous, around it should be free space.It is not necessary to save space under the canopy of sea buckthorn planting vegetables and flowers.Weeds have grown up next to the trunk should be carefully removed.A perfect quiet development of sea buckthorn - a zamulchirovat tree trunks.With preparation and loosening the soil around the stem must be remembered that the roots of sea buckthorn fragile and sensitive and are shallow - maximum depth loosening must not exceed 5 cm.

From buckthorn prefers fertilizer phosphate and potash.Do not give up the organic fertilizers, but they need to make moderate, as the plant itself provides nitrogen - this are the nodule formation on the roots.She does not like acidity of the soil.Therefore, long before spring planting, ie in the autumn, the soil in the chosen location for the sea-buckthorn should be well proizvestkovat.Liming is repeated every 3-5 years, making 300 to 800 g of lime per 1 sq.m.

buckthorn is very moisture-loving;water it, especially hot and dry summer, you should regularly.The required number of buckets of water per plant depends on the age and season.For example, to water one tree in the summer, it will take 4-10 buckets, and closer to the fall 6-12 buckets.However, at the sea buckthorn is a "capricious" feature: it is responsive to a good watering and running water - but absolutely does not tolerate water stagnation at the roots.Where groundwater are 1.5-2 m above the ground, sea buckthorn survives poorly, and quickly dies.

Maybe she die from the disease, and as affecting plant viruses and fungal disease spread rapidly inland vessels, and sea-buckthorn sprayed with pesticides is not recommended: Due to its exceptional medicinal properties it needs environmentally friendly growing conditions.The only method of struggle - special crop withering branches.

Reproduction

buckthorn propagated by seeds, shoots, layering, cuttings and grafting.Novice gardeners reliable way to buy seedlings in nursery gardens: there and sort of pick up and not to confuse the plant floor.Propagate by seeds and get the crop plants can only professionals breeders with special knowledge and skills.Relatively easy to propagate by layering and plant shoots taken from mature plants corresponding sex: as buckthorn growing on their own roots, her whole growth will be graded and cultural.Those who own equipment vaccinations can save space in the garden, grafted onto the female sea buckthorn several male shanks.This is enough for a full-pollination.

way

official medicine introduced buckthorn sea buckthorn in the arsenal of drugs.Sea buckthorn seed oil is used to treat burns, ulcers, festering wounds, eczema and bedsores.It proved its effectiveness in the treatment of gastric ulcers, duodenal ulcers and certain liver pathologies.Sea buckthorn oil has anti-bacterial properties, lowers cholesterol, prevents the development of atherosclerosis, angina and coronary heart disease.The berries of sea buckthorn contain carotene, vitamins E, B1, B2, B6, F, G, fatty acids, tannins, coumarins, flavonoids, essential oils and trace elements.100 g of fresh sea buckthorn berries contain multiple daily doses of all the necessary vitamins.

promising varieties for the middle band

«PLN cob" - Average height, srednekolyuchee tree or shrub.Frost resistance is high.In the fruiting comes on 3-4godu life.Yields of 10-15 kg per bush.The berries are of average size and weight of 6 g), oval, yellow-orange, slightly acidic taste, tightly arranged in a cob for that sort of got its name.They ripen in early September.

«Giant" - a tree or shrub height of 2.5-3.5 m, almost without thorns.Ripening time later, the yield of 5-6 kg per tree.

«Vorobyevsky" - srednerosloe compact tree with relatively thorny shoots.The average term of maturity, yield 7 - 8 kg.Berries are large - an average of 0.7

«Golden Siberia" - tree or shrub of medium size, almost thornless.Productivity is high -11-16 kg, large berries.

«Krasnoplodnaya" - Average height, spreading shrub is not very kolyuchiy.Urozhaynost 7-8 kg.The berries are red.

«Favorite» - srednerosloe prickly bush yields up to 8 kg.The berries are bright orange.The variety is resistant to pests and diseases.

«Moscow pineapple" - srednerosloe bush with almost no thorns.Yield 6-8 kg.

«Moscow Beauty" - a medium-sized tree with a little rough.Productivity is low - 5-7 kg.The variety is resistant to pests and diseases.

«Nivelles' - srednerosloe compact shrub with foliage resembling an umbrella, a little rough.Yield 6-8 kg.Berries are yellow-orange, medium and large.

«Fragrant" - a tree or shrub.Ripening time medium, yields of 5-6 kg per tree.The variety is resistant to scab and endomikozu.

«Abundant" - tree or shrub with a fairly strong-spreading crown.Middle-ripening.Productivity is high -12-14 kg.Berries are bright orange, large, 0.7 Variety of almost thornless.

«Orange" - shrub with oval crown of medium density.Of medium-term maturity.Productivity is high -10-14 kg.Berries orange-red, large, 0.7 g spines small.

«Pleasing" - a tree or shrub with a spreading crown, almost thornless.Of medium-term maturity.Yield 8-9 kg.Berries orange-red, medium and large, 0.6-0.7 g

«Perchik" - Low compact shrub with crown-like umbrella.Middle-ripening.Yield 6-7 kg.Berries orange-red, large, 0.7 g Grade pretty scratchy.

«Nugget" - a tree or shrub is medium early ripening, a bit rough.Productivity of 8-10 kg.Berries orange, large, 0.7 g
Trofimovskaya '- compact thorny tree with a pyramidal crown.Yield 6-7 kg.

«Chuiskaya" - Average height tree with sparse spreading crown, almost thornless.Maturing early.Productivity of 8-10 kg.The variety is prone to shrinkage and mycotic vyprevayut with frequent thaws.

«botanical" - Tree of medium size, almost thornless.Yield 6-7 kg.

«Botanical amateur" - srednerosloe compact tree with almost no thorns.Grade early appearance of fruit, medium ripening.Productivity is very high - 20 kg.Resistant to pests and mycotic shrinkage.

"Gardener" №10-2006