Beet.

By Admin | Garden, Garden
26 May 2016
Despite the fact that all modern varieties of beet derived more recently, in the XIX-XX centuries, the ancient "prasvёkla" has been known since V century BC.Most likely, it was a wild chard from the shores of the Atlantic coast of Europe - from him, and something happened modern feed, sugar and dining room beet.Apparently, ancient spruce tops first, then noticed that sometimes come very juicy roots, and led in the direction of the spontaneous selection.And then drew attention to the healing properties of what is hidden under the ground.Medical treatises of the time recommended the beets with the inflammation of the respiratory, scurvy, and diseases of the genitourinary system.

Finally, the beet is not only useful but also delicious.And this is one of the few vegetables that perfectly preserves its nutritional value for any treatment - even though his fire away, even par, sushi, boil or three on a grater.

Especially if this vegetable with his own bed.After all, the most delicious soup obtained from t
heir garden gifts.By the way, the tops should be cut for the borscht with only one corner of a bed, since this root is very sensitive to the loss of foliage.Beet the lush "tail" is produced vigorous and rich, and one in which tops in soup allowed, and gives small rootlets.Although, of course, the integrity of the topper - not only guarantee a good harvest.Much depends on the choice of varieties, and the time of planting, and from the period of picking seedlings in open ground.

Select sort

"Cylinder"




Choice grade is quite simple, because the varieties of sugar beet is not too much.Divide them all you can, first, on ripening: early ('Bordeaux', 'Detroit round'), is middle ('Bordeaux-237', 'Egypt') and late ('pre-winter A-474').Secondly, in the form of root crops: spherical ('Red Ball'), elongated ('Cylinder', 'Mona') and flattened ("Egypt").Finally, by color.But then the choice quite small, as shades of beet varies from dark red to maroon, if it is, of course, is not about sugar or fodder beet.

Recently, however, appeared on the market seed and orange beets, but they are rare.And what of the orange soup.

choice of form of root depends not only on aesthetic preference.Why it is considered that sort of cylindrical fruits accumulate less nitrate than the flat and round.Besides these are the elongated "underground fruits" are the varieties with seeds odnorostkovymi, which greatly simplifies the agronomic manipulation.After beet seeds usually are fused stems from a few seeds.If the soot is more common mnogorostkovye seeds, then later discover that each gave a few shoots and I have to thin out the landing.Arrange "downsizing" should, as soon as the real leaves.And this work is quite tedious.

prepare the ground

"Egyptian"



The soil should be loose enough and nutritious.It must prepare in advance - in late autumn.And it is possible to produce and podzimny seeding, brushing snow from icy grooves with a broom.It is even better.Shoots with this method is much smaller (do not have to thin out), but they are healthier and more stable.

So, on one square meter you need to make a bucket of humus or peat, manure bucket of humus or compost bucket of sand and a glass of dolomite (as "acid scavenger" it is much better than traditional powder lime).Good to add a glass of ordinary furnace ash (but note that it should be dry - soaked quickly loses its beneficial properties).In principle, such a composition for beet is enough, but you can still put a matchbox superphosphate, as much potassium salt and a tablespoon of potash.But what should be avoided, since this excess nitrogen (eg, manure should not get involved, especially neperegorevshim) - from his roots there are voids.

Sow or cultivate the seedlings

most often sow the seed directly in the open ground, a distance of 8-10 cm, closing up their land in a centimeter and a half.Reliable and proven way.However, in our conditions, it does not allow to collect the early harvests.If you want to get the beets faster, think of a greenhouse with cucumbers.In early spring sow between the rows of cucumber seeds beet seedlings.The neighborhood is quite suitable.And when the cucumbers will pull the whip, resettled beets in the open ground.When swordplay seedlings well armed with scissors and cut off a long, thin "tail" root - it contributes to proper formation of roots, since he immediately begins to fill, rather than drag on a string.

And if you do decide to sow seeds in open ground, do it in two terms with a break of two weeks.The fact is that sometimes the first crops freeze.If sprouts will beat sudden frosts, the beets will "strelkovatsya", in other words, the entire vitality not send out to pour the delicious juices root, and then to quickly release the arrow, and flower seeds to ripen.Besides second crop usually yields.

care and watering

Care beet is hoeing the land, weeding, fertilizing and watering.Norms of irrigation depends on the weather and the phases of vegetable.Young plants are watered once a week, consuming about 10 liters of water per 1 sq.m. In the second half of summer, when the root begins to grow, provided that is hot, dry weather, watering, double, and two weeks before the harvest is stopped completely.Sometimes the water for irrigation is recommended to add a little salt (a spoon in a bucket), citing the fact that the culture has come to us with salted Mediterranean coasts, and the disease would then be much less.But it is quite debatable.It is better to double over the summer to feed beet complex fertilizers - in the early and mid-growing season.

"Red Balloon"


Storage

beets harvested in late September.Probably, there is no need to talk about how to save the harvest.Everyone knows that this vegetable is well maintained at 2-3 "C. However, in a city apartment complex to find a place for a lot of beets. So it is more convenient to just recycle it. For example, to prepare the juice. Root crops well wash and dry them, cut (straightwith peel) strips or cubes, put them into a saucepan, pour the sugar (300 g per 1 kg) and leave for a couple of days in a cool place. Then remains only to collect the liberated juice and pour into bottles. He can stand in the refrigerator or cellar up to two months. And if you want to stock up on juice for a longer period, you will have to resort to "hot." We need to do more of the same, only bring the juice to a boil, immediately remove from heat, pour into sterilized jars or bottles and cork.

can even recycle the remaining "cake." Boil the sugar syrup normal (three parts sugar to two parts water), fill them "dry residue", close the lid - and let cool down. And then roll up to the banks.

way

Gruel from the leaves of beets is applied to bruises, tumors and lesions - helps no worse than the famous plantain.At a cold fresh juice is useful that you want to dig into the nose;if you take it inside, then drop the pressure.A boiled root vegetables highly recommended for diabetics.

When canning instead of sugar is good to use honey.Get more valuable product, as honey and beet is not only perfectly complement each other medicinal properties, but also to form a new and useful compounds.

None vegetable do not have such a high iodine content, and so successful for the assimilation of a living organism ratios of iron, cadmium, magnesium, molybdenum and other metals.We can add a whole list of vitamins.Finally, the beet has betanin, the biologically active substance that inhibits the formation and development of malignant cells.

"Gardener" №10-2006