Lighting - light-requiring, you need brighter lighting
Soil - fertile
Watering - summer abundant in winter confident;drying of the soil is not desirable
temperature - taplolyubiva, the optimum temperature in the summer - 20-25 'C, in winter - 12-18 "With
Reproduction - seeds and cuttings root easily and multiplies
Diseases and pests - practically not damaged, perhaps the appearance of spider mites in the dry air
Most flower growers probably unfamiliar name. Kufei lythraceae belong to the family. It's a Mexican plant with the Greek name. The name, however, is quite prosaic. Kyphos translated as "crooked, curve. "The fruits of kufey actually slightly curved.
Perennial and annual
In Central and South America, there are about 200 species of kufey. Among them are annuals, reaching almost a meter high, has stunted shrubs and bushes. The last popular in EuropeAs plant for containers.Especially prized Kufa fiery red (S. ignea, or C. platycent
annual species Cuphea homeland grown for seeds - source of fatty acids, including laurel, without which it can not do in shampoos.How fine these plants are little known, and only in recent decades they have seriously engaged breeders.
Almost all kinds of flowers with six petals unequal - the top two much larger than the other four.And those who like a riot of colors and large flowers hardly see in them anything remarkable.Modest kufei - for lovers of exotic and meditation.Or, for owners of cats and dogs through the bed of tall Kufa not get inconsiderate pet - they are unlikely to like the look tacky numerous shoots.
In Arizona in the eighties of the last century started a lot of work to obtain valuable decorative interspecific hybrids - Scientists crossed different kinds kufey.But before the news of Europe is not reached: it is possible that the study was delayed or American varieties are simply not able to move "nonstop."
young shoots reddish, thin.The leaves are green, about 3 cm long, with a light main vein.The flowers are about 2 cm long, with a spur, sitting in the leaf axils on short stalks.The flowers are unusual, without petals - there is only brightly colored cups, red-orange with white edge and a black throat.The similarity of flowers with a smoldering cigarette ashes, as it were veiled, and gave rise to the English name of Cigar Plant -sigaretnoe plant.Varieties virtually no, different firms can buy the same sample.In recent years, however, the mixture was put Soan ("Cohen") of two colors - the usual red-orange and white.
Seeds kufei fiery red ripen easily, but they are difficult to assemble. Ripe crack, and the seeds scatter in differentside. However, if they fall into favorable conditions, it will germinate and seedlings. You can breed this plant sowing seeds - they now sell the seeds of annuals - and later propagated by cuttings. Copies obtained from seeds, keep their shape better. Green cuttings,shoot tips during 7-15 days root in water. Sometimes the hot summer weather the roots become visible on the third day.
This shrub grows very well in flower beds, especially along the tracks and on the alpine hill. But it looks all advantageouslyalong with other annuals in containers and window boxes that is closer to the viewer. For a company suitable lanthanum plektrantus (Plectrantus coleoides), zonal pelargonium, alisum (Alyssum maritimum), gatsaniya, Diascia, lobelia (Lobelia erinus, L. valida),Sutera (Sutera cordata).
shrub 35-50 cm tall, with narrow small leaves.Young shoots are "strewn" pink, lilac or white flowers, stars.The flowers are small, about 1 cm wide, with yellowish tubular calyx and petals six identical - to kufei is also atypical.The flowers are sterile, so the seeds do not happen.
Kufa This will please fans of dwarf trees.It shoots at the bottom lignified, and it quickly turns into a small tree.
timely pinch and crop tops of the shoots to form a neat, compact, abundantly flowering plant.And every three years, it is desirable to divide the sprawling bush.In unfavorable conditions (draft, frost, prolonged drying of the soil in close pot) plants react by dropping leaves.In this case, you need to cut the dried shoots approximately half the height of the plants, remove kufeyu to draft and transplanted.Maybe in 2-3 weeks seem new leaves.
kufeyu issopolistnuyu Propagation by cuttings.Roots are easily formed even in the water.It is important that the stalk was green and ripe.Its length from 5 to 12 cm. It is gently pinch off from the bottom of cutting all the leaves, so they do not bend, put it in a container with water or root in the sand.When transplanting you can also separate the root shoots.
Kufa mikrolepestnaya (S. micropetala).Shrub 30-40 cm, with small narrow leaves, very similar to kufeyu issopolistnuyu.The small flowers appear one after the other, but not in the leaf axils, and higher above them.Flowers, ie cups, yellow, red at the base, with a green throat, stamens red.Six petals, but they are so tiny that they can not see because of the calyx teeth - hence the species name.Seeds produced much, but this plant is propagated mainly by cuttings.
With annual all kinds of confusing.The commercial name is sometimes not related to the fact that under this name are selling.And for a simple gardener is not so important as the new acquisition called, more importantly, how it looks and how it is grown.
Kufa creeping (S. procumbens) - a plant height of 30-40 cm, erect shoots up to 50 cm long, dark green leaves, with cilia on the edge and white veins.The flowers are 2.5-3 cm wide, with six unequal lobes (upper larger), reminiscent of propeller blades.Mainly sold mix color: pink flowers, purple, purple.
plant is not necessary to keep upright with the help of props.The lower part of the stems settles quickly give adventitious roots along the entire length of the lying on the ground.From firmly seized on the soil of the stem grow back up multiple shoots with inflorescences at the tips and will bloom up to the frost.Kufa creeping great for slides and garden vases, looks good in a mixed curb.By the way, the desire to strengthen the seedlings is very strong - the whole stalk under the cotyledons in a humid environment quickly formed roots.
Kufa LaVey (S. lavea) - plant height of 25-35 cm. The leaves are elongated, dark green, with white hairs, bristles on the edge.A distinctive feature of this kufei - the flower only the top two bright crimson petals, no lower.The flowers are quite large, the length of the calyx, greenish purple top and bottom 2.5 cm. New - Class 'Torpedo' with bright crimson petals for hanging baskets and containers.Violet inside bent edge on each side of the mouth of the cup reminded Chow.White anthers complete the impression.
Kufa cinnabar red (C. miniata) - a kind of "increased shaggy", a pubescent.It is easily distinguished by white silky hairs which densely covered the underside of the leaves.In some sources, this plant stands out as a separate species or variety is considered S. lavea.
Kufa purple (S. x purpurea) is a hybrid, perhaps between C. miniata and C. viscossima, described at the beginning of the last century.Class - NEW 'Firefly' with bright crimson large flowers only last year appeared on our flower market.Plants erect, height of about 35 cm, well-branched and bloom profusely.
how to sow seeds
kufey - curved discs, greenish-brown, 3 mm in diameter, lightweight (1 g of about 300 pcs.), Germinate in 5-7 days.Upon germination secrete adhesive substance and if lie close to each other, form something resembling a wafer, which is difficult to pull out individual seed.Seeds photosensitive - quickly sprout in the light, so they should not be stopped, quite a little push into the soil.The optimum temperature for germination of seeds - 20-22 "C. In low light the seedlings are stretched, as they say, right before our eyes. They need to dive into the deep tank or in conventional pots and boxes, but slightly tilted. As the above reasons, the seedlings should be literallyallocate a place under the sun, or later will have to pour a cotyledonary leaves the soil to plants with watering not fall. Seedlings are planted in late May - early June, can be a little deeper than she sat in a drawer. Special care is needed - just make sure to plantnot damaged late frosts, and timely weeding.
rich or moderately fertile soil, regular watering (infrequent, but abundant), feeding complex fertilizers - that's all it takes these plants. The light is preferable to place, but a little shady also nice.Not suitable only raw corners of the garden, where there is no air movement and leaves kufey mildew can attack.
What you need:
- parent plants;
- the earth;
- flower pot (short and wide);
1. From the mother plant Separate multiple shoots have formed adventitious roots.
2. Divide them into several cuttings.
3. Every remove flowers and fruits.
4. Pour into the pot drainage.Fill it with light and fertile soil.
Make small holes and plant seedlings, careful not to damage the roots.In one pot plants can be planted more, depending on the size of the pot.Seal the land around the plant and pour.
Put the pot plants in a bright place.Regular watering during the winter, preventing the drying of the soil.At the beginning of summer, when there is no danger of frost, landed in the garden.
Shirokov, Russian Academy of Sciences Researcher BSC