Tradescantia (Tradescantia) refers to a family Commelinaceae (Commelinociae).Among its members - a lot of hardy perennials - like thermophilic, which are used for indoor gardening and frost grown in open ground.In total there are about a hundred species of plants - with erect or fragile, lying on the soil surface stems.At home, in Central and South America, spiderwort grows in the swamps of tropical forests.In middle latitudes it is found on the banks of rivers and streams in shaded corners of the forest.
as a decorative garden plant one of the first, even in the middle of the XVII century, began to grow Tradesc
On the basis of this hardy species hybrids have been created, called spiderwort Anderson (T. x anderso-niana) - in honor of the American botanist, is engaged in research of this plant.For ornamental horticulture derived many varieties of Tradescantia Anderson with a different color is quite large flowers and leaves.
experience growing Tradescantia - Virginia and Anderson - in the middle zone has shown that it is quite hardy plants.
Some experts recommend Tradescantia planted in a sunny spot.Under natural conditions, it can be found in forest clearings and open meadows, overgrown grasses, protects the delicate flowers from the hot midday sun.And yet, if you're going to grow it in the garden is better to choose poluzatenennoe or even a shady place.Spiderwort flowers are short-lived, and in the shade they stay longer - on cloudy days to almost four hours of the day.The garden planting Tradescantia not tolerate hot and dry July, characteristic of central Russia.In those days, the flowers may not be disclosed.
Although the plant can withstand drought, because of its tissue of stems and leaves are adapted to this, in the heat it needs to be every evening to spray warm water.The soil at the landing site should be humus, loose and moist but not waterlogged (Tradescantia should not be put directly from water).
This plant can live for years without transplants.For it is well developed, as in the spring fertilizing the soil make the standard rate of complete fertilizer (20-30 g / sq. M), closing up to a depth of 6-8 cm. From the moment of flowering is useful to once every 10 days in the evening to make liquidfeeding a weak concentration.Better use of mineral fertilizer "Kemira-combi" by dissolving 1 tbsp.l.10 liters of water, the rate of 5 l / sq.m.
in central Russia have spiderwort seeds ripen, often is their self-seeding.And although seed propagation varietal features of plants are not saved, you can get the seedlings varied with beautiful colored flowers.
addition to highly valued decorative another remarkable property of Tradescantia - resistance to disease and pests.They prefer light moist soil, but can easily adapt to any habitat.Able for a short time to endure the lack of moisture, since, like other members of the genus have a special layer of cells in the sheet to accumulate water.And it's not afraid of weeds.
Singly and in groups
in ornamental horticulture from Tradescantia different varieties form small flower beds, located in the shade of trees.They may also be in the visible part mixborders.In such a plant the flower beds "sitting" tight enough, so tie their stems are not necessarily unstable.2-3 Tradescantia able to diversify trading planting ferns hosts Heuchera or lungwort.This effectively will look like undersized varieties, animating monotone flower beds and tall, placed in the background.Always attracts large shrub Tradescantia planted separately from other plants - powerful, with a lot of stems, forming a hemisphere, it is especially good in the morning.
Modern varieties of Tradescantia Anderson vary in height from 20 to 60 cm. The leaves can have a purple or bluish tint, obtained even zheltolistnye varieties.Perianth rose petals and flower size sometimes reaches 6 cm. Its color has become very diverse: pure white, all shades of blue, pink, purple, lilac.At the same filaments and the inner sides of the sepals are often different in tone from the color of the corolla.