Pumpkin Festival

By Admin | Garden, Garden
25 May 2016
round, flattened, elongated, pear-shaped, chalmovidnye, bottle, Coronaform;yellow, orange and almost red, and white, gray and green and even striped, mottled and streaked;with a smooth skin, ribbed or bumpy - what only nature could think of pumpkins.And she tried not in vain.Because it ripens all artistic abundance, usually in the fall and stored all winter.This is a bright spot of color in our kitchen just provokes good (and some even festive - think American Halloween) mood.

Pumpkin decorative

Usually this laconic inscription stands on a bag of seeds, which picked up a mixture of small-fruited pumpkins with spectacular shapes.From what we can understand that the fruits grown are used solely for decoration.This is not quite true.Firstly, decorative pumpkin is quite edible, although in immature young age.Then, when ogrubeet peel and the seeds are ripe, there are these berries (fruit of pumpkin - berry) is practically nothing.

And secondly, whether there are any non-decorative pumpkin?It seems li
ke such in this large family simply do not find.Is tablespoons pumpkin, whether it is a huge 'Stofuntovaya' or 'gray Volga', can not serve as decoration cuisine?And is it not good squash, zucchini and squash, which is essentially the same tverdokoroy pumpkin.Also have this vegetable is one feature, Put on a garden of different varieties of pumpkins, zucchini and squash (or, conversely, never do), and you will receive the fruits of the most unexpected shapes and colors as well as plants of one species tend topereopylyayutsya.In short, the family pumpkin ^ inexhaustible changes and is ready to constantly present us with surprises.And if you remember Chalmovidnaya (large-) pumpkins, which simply does not rise hand to send to the pan, mysterious chayote, warty Momordica, serpentine trichosanthes lagenarii bottle and it becomes clear that the theme of decorative pumpkins virtually inexhaustible.

way

gourd family - the most numerous in the number of its constituent species.It combines 100 genera, which include some 800 species used for human consumption.It includes watermelons and melons, and cucumbers, and krukneki and luffa, and Benincasa, and much more.Despite the fact that almost all of them have a south origin, most of these crops can be grown in the temperate zone.


Pumpkin

Lighting - sunny places, does not tolerate anyone

Soils - fertile, loose, neutral

Watering - in the initial period of germination and growth of the autonomic system

Decorative - exclusive

Care - prevention of soil crust;wells after seeding mulch humus, sawdust


small-fruited

Seeds small-fruited ornamental pumpkins are usually sold in a mixture, such as "Mosaic" and "Starfall", sometimes there are some varieties: 'Jack-be-little', 'Baby Boo 'and' Sweet Dumpling ',' Turkish turban ',' Star ',' Baby creamy white '' Two-color ball ',' Orange ball. '

All these varieties, differing in color and shape of fruits, yellow flowers are large, long (up to 4 meters or more) Climbing stems with lots of side shoots, and large carved leaves.In the axils of the leaves - mustache, with which clings to a support stem and extends upward.Therefore, decorative pumpkin is ideal for vertical gardening: bushes grow very quickly, criss-crossing the gazebos, fences, walls outbuildings.

decorative pumpkins are grown in the same way as other cucurbits.They grow well in sunny areas with fertile light soils.To the fruits were larger and they could well mature, best pumpkin to grow through seedlings.Seeds sown in peat pots from April 25 to May 5.And planted in the ground right from the pots (these plants do not like transplanting) in early June (after frost).Care is watering, weeding and fertilizing.If you intend to use the fruits only for decorative purposes, it is necessary to wait until they are fully ripe, peel ogrubeet and whip dry.Cut the pumpkin in dry weather before the onset of frost, trying to keep the stalk of 3-4 cm in length. In the carriage is necessary to treat the fruits carefully, injuries can quickly deteriorate.

then air dried crop.A few months later pumpkin will light, and if they shake, will hear the noise inside the seeds.It is from these dried fruits do all sorts of vessels: salt shakers, bowls, vases.

Dish

But if we were talking about the vessels, there is nothing better lagenarii (Lagenaria siceraria), which are called - Dish pumpkin, gourd or calabash - no.

Interestingly, this is perhaps the only cultivated plant, which was grown in ancient times in the Old and the New World.It is also, of course, edible.But worldwide popularity got lagenariya not for the nutritional properties, and for the opportunity to use it as a ripe fruit dishes: after six months storage, they completely lose moisture to wood crust.A form of fruit is so diverse, as if specially selected for all occasions: bottles, jars and flasks with narrow neck, balls, ovals.Dishes from lagenarii turns light, durable, environmentally friendly and durable.By the way, in Latin America from her make calabashes (vessels for mate), and musical instruments - maracas-in gremushki.And in such vessels can be stored and wine products.

Like all cucurbits, lagenariya loves warm, sunny location and fertile neutral ground.In the middle zone to grow its way better seedlings and planted seedlings after 10 June next to a solid support.

chayote, trichosanthes and momordica

While these plants have a rarity.In general they are grown by amateur gardeners in their experimental plots or greenhouses, exchanging seeds.All cultures are very interesting, with nutritious fruits and some edible shoots, leaves and even roots.And each of them deserves a separate discussion.As long as we limit ourselves to only the story of decorative properties of these plants and their fruits.

chayote (Sechium), or Mexican cucumber, pumpkin is different from other cultures so that its fruits (from 100 g to 1 kg) is formed only one seed.The fruits are decorative and very varied in shape (egg-shaped, oval, elongated, pear-shaped), texture (smooth to heavily wrinkled) and color (from dark green to ivory).Very powerful and tough stems Mexican cucumber, which are grown on trellises, the birthplace of this vegetable used for various art crafts, weave them sombrero bags.






trichosanthes (Trichosanthes cucumerina) is also colloquially referred to as a cucumber, only serpentine.And his birthplace - South East Asia.The fruits of his cylindrical, up to 1 m 20 cm, and very showy.Firstly, they meander (therefore Lozenges) and secondly to mature and become bright red-orange color.And the plants are good in color: medium-sized (up to 4 cm in diameter), similar to the snowflake flowers in the evening is very nice smell.








and fragrant flowers momordika (Momordika), and orange fruits pupyrchatye (ranging in length from 6 to 20 cm) are disclosed directly on the branches of three petals and seeds of which look out verylike pomegranate seeds.Against the backdrop of beautiful carved leaves, they look very impressive.By the way, and grains, and fruits are edible.










Grow these plants in the same way as other cucurbits.




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