begin with pines, and with the most ordinary, which is called - Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris).We know it well - it is common in our forests.See how decorative looks Scots pine in nature - in the Vladimir region.If a tree grew in freedom, it is up to 15-20 years has fluffy crown, rising almost from the ground, often long needles with a bluish waxy coating.
Note that the tree grew almost on the sand.But what he likes the freedom and enough light.Later, to 30 years in the barrel at the bottom is already deprived of branches.Pine trees emit volatile in the air, thanks to which the pine forest is easy to breathe, and the mood becomes beautiful, like life.
Pine Mountain - tree for small, well-lit areas
For decades no fading interest in the Siberian Beauty - Siberian stone pine (Pinus sibirica).Sometimes it is called Siberian cedar, although the genus comprises cedar entirely different species.In this pine many attractive - power, decorative dark-green needles are collected in bundles, dense crown
But 25-30 years it becomes less resistant to air pollution, fungal diseases (eg cancer skleroderrievomu) and pests (Hermes).Under favorable circumstances, the trees begin to produce seeds for about 50 years.In the early years the seeds are often unviable.Apparently, something she does not like in our conditions.
very beautiful and scrub pine nut - creeping cedar (Pinus pumila).This guest Far East grows slowly at a young age, it requires careful maintenance, but by age 20 strikes you mnogostvolem spectacular, blue needles in the spring with bright crimson hue strobila, which then turn into small decorative cones.
decorate pine cones always.Therefore plant at such plants, which lumps are formed in a fairly young age.For example, Korean fir (Abies koreana) or Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii).
Abies Koreana appealing his small flat needles with white stripes on the back.Buds begin to appear as early as the age of 10!They are like candles in the branches first purple, then grow brown.However, when ripe, in late August and September, they break up.But for a long time preserved cones on spruce and fir.Look at the trees spruce barbed (Picea pungens) and ate mew (Picea glauca) in Pereslavl-arboretum.
compact shape spruce bluish differs remarkably dense crown
less familiar to us Douglas-or "Douglas fir" looks like a fir, but if you see her original cones, already with nothing to confuse.Covering scales longer than seed and trident protrude from bumps, making it a charmingly shaggy.By the way, Douglas-good transport of air pollution has grown rapidly and easily moves transplant even in adulthood.
How can "invite" the plants to their site?It's best to buy a young plant with a lump of land, or with closed root system in the nursery.Age of seedlings must not exceed 6-7 years, otherwise you may experience problems with change.The best time for planting - early spring.Choose the right place - a well-lit (for pine and fir), or who is in the penumbra (spruce, fir).
landing pit should have a size of 50x50 cm, and be filled with a mixture of humus, peat and sand at the rate of 1: 1: 1.Plants are planted, trying to keep a lump of earth, always watered, it is possible to feed complex fertilizer.In the first months and pritenyayut necessarily follow that the soil does not dry.
If you are in the shower researcher can try to grow a tree from a seed.Although this is difficult, but possible.Seeds listed Softwood require stratification, i.e. the cold period, when they are stored for 2-3 months at a low temperature (usually under snow).
best - sow them in late April in a greenhouse, soak in a 0.2-percent solution of potassium permanganate.At the same time full of seeds sink, and let them remain to float on the surface.Sow the seeds of better in the full container (usually a plastic cup) filled with peat with a low degree of decomposition without mineral additives.
two weeks after emergence of the plants were sprayed with 0.1% urea solution, and in early August, fed complex fertilizers.
If at the end of the growing season the plants reach a height of 10 cm, they can be transplanted to a bed, but it's better to wait until the spring, the first decade of May.In the second year of life seedlings require shading, moderate soil moisture and spring application of complex fertilizers.Doraschivat plants ridges to 1-1.3 m, and then they are ready for transplanting to a permanent place.
S. Potapov, GBS, RAS
«World of plants» №1-2007