scientific name of this bush - blue honeysuckle (Lonicem caerulea).It is particularly widespread in the forests of Siberia and the Far East.The largest and most sweet fruit found in Kamchatka.In the Urals and Altai Honeysuckle has a bitter taste, which disappears during processing.It is often referred to as edible honeysuckle and Kamchatka and Altai.
How to plant
Honeysuckle blue decorative during flowering and is a good honey plant.Fruits annually and matures early strawberry.Resistance to diseases and unpretentious.
For planting choose open sunny places - in partial shade honeysuckle does not die, but the fruits are significantly worse.Good looks as hedges.It grows in any soil, but it is better developed in the loose and well drained.Not suitable for planting honeysuckle is considered too dry an
Since honeysuckle - a plant cross-pollinate, plant in his garden at least 3-5 varieties of two-three-year seedlings.The optimum planting time - the end of the summer (August) and autumn (mid-October).Landing pit should have a diameter of 25 cm and depth of 25-30 cm. To keep moisture in the soil useful mulch tree trunks zone peat thickness of 7-10 cm.
How to care
Honeysuckle require watering, especially in the first half of the summer,when its shoots grow rapidly.To feed the bush better use organic fertilizer, you want to make one every three years up to 5-7 kg / m2 under a bush.
autumn (after leaf) or early spring (March), the bushes over 6-7 years of age is required sanitary pruning: removing the sick, broken, withered branches.Do not cut the tops of the shoots as they concentrated the maximum number of kidneys with the rudiments of flowers, and their damage reduces yields.For old bushes can be severe renewal pruning "on the stump", at a height of 0.5 meters from the ground level.Due to the young coppice shoots two or three years to recover the bushes.
How to propagate
Honeysuckle can be propagated by cuttings, horizontal and vertical layering, dividing the bush, and its varietal symptoms persist.The most effective green cuttings.
for rooting cuttings, prepare the soil mixture of peat and sand (in the ratio of 1: 3).Cuttings put under angle 45 °, placing under the scheme 7x5 cm. A necessary condition for the establishment - the high humidity of the substrate and air (85%) at 20-25 ° C.
blue honeysuckle is easy to propagate by seed.It is best to sow the seeds in March - April in wooden boxes or flower pots.To do this, prepare a light fertile soil composed of equal parts compost, peat and river sand.Seeds are sown surface, sprinkle the top with sand (1 cm) and cover with glass or transparent film.For successful germination, keep the temperature 20-24 ° C, and the soil is regularly moisturize.Watering must be carefully adjusting the pressure of the jet so that it is not washed seeds.Seedlings emerge in 30-35 days.
Honeysuckle affected by mites, causing the leaves wither and curl.When high humidity appear fungal diseases: spot and powdery mildew.Occasionally aphids settled fuciformis - vectors of the virus.
edible honeysuckle bushes is better to plant groups.They bloom very early and remain decorative throughout the season, but especially in the first half of the summer and early spring.Yellow flowers attract pollinating insects in the early spring, when other cultures are just beginning to emerge leaves.But the most attractive honeysuckle during fruiting.
berries are washed, sorted and dipped in boiling sugar syrup for 3-5 minutes.Pre-cooked sugar syrup per 1 kg berries 1-1.2 kg sugar and 100-120 g of water.After 3-5 minutes of exposure to heat jam leave for 6-8 hours and then cook a little longer 20 minutes on low heat.
washed berries pour over boiling water and rub with the sugar in a ratio of 1: 2.The mass is then heated to 60-70 ° C, stirred and laid in glass jars.They were sealed and stored at 0-5 ° C.
Washed berries are placed in jars to 2/3, pour the boiling sugar syrup, cooked at the rate of 350-400 grams of sugar per 1 liter of water.Banks sealed after pasteurization.
Ripe berries are washed and passed through a juicer.The mass filter.Then sugar was added calculation of 150-200 g per 1 liter of juice.Store in a cool place pasteurized, hermetically sealed glass jars.
successful combination of advantages typical for grades Cinderella and Memory Gidzyuka: a good yield (2-3 kg per bush) and a pleasant sweet-sour taste.Grades Tomichka, Vasya-Ghanaian, Bakchar very first ripen in the suburbs, but the fruit crumble sooner.
high-yielding varieties Selena, Fire Opal, Sirius, Iliad obtained from Altay honeysuckle, given 3-4 kg of fruit per bush, but much taste bitter, especially tick and Salute.They are only suitable for processing into compotes, jellies, jams, wine.
Kamchatka honeysuckle varieties differ in height (up to 1.4 m) and a more compact, spherical shape of the bush.This swan, Omega, Nymph, Violet fruit weighing more than 1 year have varieties Nightingale, Altair, Omega fruits for a long time do not crumble.Grades Pavlovskaya, Dessert, Amphora, Julia, Chosen most sweet;the fruits are covered with thick skin, so they are stored longer and better tolerate transportation.Their yield 1.7-2 kg per bush.
Grades Moscow 23 Titmouse and Fortuna adapted to the climate of central Russia, have dessert sweet-sour taste, but because of the delicate skin stored for long.On the bush are not showered for seven days, yield up to 2 kg.
A. Kuklin, Ph.D.
«Gardening Life» 1-2`2007