Badan.

By Admin | Garden, Garden
23 May 2016
Bergenia (Bergenia)

Lighting • shadow-

• Soil is undemanding, but it is better developed in light, moderately
nutritional and well-drained soils

• Watering regular


This perennial evergreen plant native to the Rockiesand alpine meadows of East and Central Asia.Badan, and Bergen (Bergenia), belongs to the family saxifrage.He has a thick creeping rhizome branching overhead with large rosettes of leathery bright green leaves.

spring, barely snow melts, on overwintered rosettes appear inflorescence - pink, white, red, purple, light or dark purple.Flower stalks grow and bloom simultaneously.Sometimes the first tier of the inflorescence opens almost at the level of foliage or is sandwiched between the elastic leaves, but when will the last "bell" in brush spike reaches its height position (20 to 60 cm).

flowering even a small collection Badanov can admire more than a half months.One of the first, in late April, bloom Badal heart-sheeted (V. cordifolia), crassifolia (V. crassifolia), Schmidt (V. x
schmidtiana) and some of their derivatives grades.Late ('Morgenrote', 'Sunningdale') bloom in early June.There are remontant varieties.Many cultivars are preserved during flowering in winter painted in crimson tones leaves.

summer all Badanov beautiful thick green leaves, they provide the perfect backdrop for flowering plants.After their flowering until mid-July Badal "rest."Then began a period of growth of roots and laying new kidney outlets that bloom only after two or three years.

decorative second peak occurs in the fall.On the first night frosts saxifrage begins to accumulate in their tissues sugar, allowing it to move well winter.On the occurrence of this milestone demonstrates the change in color of the leaves.Different varieties and species, this process is different.At first some "warmer" edge of the sheet, becoming brighter with increasing cold.Other reddened border gradually transformed into bizarre stains and spots.In the third the whole surface of the sheet once it becomes crimson, purple or crimson.

species and varieties

This plant ten species and many varieties, including those with double and semi-double flowers.

unpretentious and winter-hardy saxifrage Schmidt (V. x schmidtii, syn. V. ornata, V. stracheyi var. Schmidtii) is very popular in Europe.It is easily distinguished from other varieties by the original shape of the leaves with the "wings", rising almost from the base of the petiole.The flowers have a bright scarlet.Adults autumn leaves in a few days can completely change color - from the normal green to deep red with a hint of prunes.Even in the rain they remain opaque.Against the backdrop of golden host or Tradescantia varieties' Sweet Kate'rastenie looks very impressive.

spring cultivar 'Frau Holle' at a high peduncle purple blossoms brush white flowers.And in the autumn under the influence of cold stalks its leaves are sirenevato crimson.This also applies to coloring of the leaves is characteristic of marsh color.And all the spreading shrub is literally playing with bright colors.Among tellimy 'Purpurteppich', colorful ferns and Rogers' Die Schone'on especially wins.

Unfortunately, little common in our gardens "music" series Badanov - 'Bach', 'Bartoc,' Betchoven ',' Borodin ',' Brams, 'Bizet' and 'Britten'.It is distinguished by simplicity, hardiness, small and large flowers.These varieties have been obtained in Germany breeder Schmidt.

catchy "looks" at Bergenia 'Britten', like all Badanov this series.Short plump as the stipe, leaf petioles hold the majority in the bush almost vertically, giving them the opportunity to see "inside out" - delicate, pinkish cream, with clear swollen veins.Wavy edge of the sheet - with breaks, which are drawn from the middle of the small folds.All this creates a play of light and shade.By the way, many Badanov veins create an original graphic design, is clearly discernible in the setting sun.

have Badanov with light green foliage, for example in the variety 'Fruhlingsfreude', most of the fall of corrugated metal lightens up ivory-green veins and leaving only the base.

rounded wavy leaves varieties 'Eroica' gain in this period copper-red border, which in fine weather "spreads" to the middle of each sheet.And Bergenia varieties 'Pink Dragonfly' fall through the edge of the leaf blushing appear unusual, "pike", cloves.

whole season looks very attractive, and other varieties with lush leaves at the edge of the waves: 'Bikel,' Eden's Dark Margin ',' Magic Giant ',' Morgenrote ', "WalterKinley'," Wintermeerchen '.

Badan Ak-Tru (B. Ac-Tru) - This species was found employee Novosibirsk Botanical Garden Tatyana Alexandrovna Pavlova on the banks of the river Ak-Tru is its hive is large, up to 50 cm, and the beautiful purple flowers in very dense inflorescences.

landing place

Badal grow well and bloom on loose moist soil.They, like most saxifrage, a weak root system is located in the upper soil layer.In nature Badal themselves able to maintain its moisture content: it protects against drying dead leaves covering the surface of the soil.In the garden, we remove them for aesthetic reasons.Therefore, it is best to put Badal in partial shade.On a sunny but not hot place regularly bloom, although their development is delayed in this case.

bad these plants develop and dense clay soils - on the banks of ponds and shady flower garden, next to the host, Ligularia, marsh iris, sedges, lungwort, peltifillumom.Do not carry a long-term stagnation of water.They can be planted on stony slopes, terraces and in rock gardens - along with sage, wormwood, Stachys, arabisami, saxifrage and soil-covering phlox.

Most varieties of European selection in extreme cold may frost up leaves, and during the spring frosts blackened stalks.These troubles easily avoided.Observe your site annually "streams" cold choose almost the same routes, preferring reduced and open to the north and east of the place, skirting the buildings, large trees and shrubs.In those areas where the least likely to spring frost and should be planted frosted varieties (such corners of the garden, and they shall never perish seedlings astilb, Rogers, ferns, kirengishomy, lilies and peonies and tree species).

At one point Badal grow up to ten years or more, and with frequent transplants suffer.

Reproduction

Sometimes Badal knotted seeds, but only some of them manage to keep the "seed."In the second half of June, usually held so-called "Peony" showers.Bolls plants become wet and preyut.Therefore, if you want to get mature seeds, think about how to hide bolls.Despite the bad weather, the seeds ripen every year only in Bergenia Strachey.

Badanov the seeds in March (in a greenhouse or at home), subjecting the preliminary cold stratification.Raspikirovat seedlings are planted in open ground in late June.In winter, they must harbor leaves (they develop slowly and fall have no more than two leaves).Blooming plants in the 3-4th year.

safer propagated vegetatively saxifrage - cuttings (branch outlets) or by dividing rhizomes.Planting should be finely outlet, no more than 1-2 cm. Cuttings of plants soon after flowering, ie from May to August.

Divide the bushes in the first half of September.Stretches aerial roots trailing length of 10-20 cm must have at least three buds.Delenki seated at a distance of 30-40 cm. They are placed horizontally bury into the soil only half and fixed for a better rooting.Before the onset of winter the plants need to take root.

Care

Badal, like most saxifrage, used to live in spartan conditions, they are not only unnecessary, but harmful and intensive feeding."Fed" saxifrage begins to actively build up a lot of green and in bloom poorly.During flowering saxifrage do without fertilizing - everything needed for spring development of the plant it has gained from last season, and spends "at their discretion".You can only help him, the Strait of soil with warm water around it immediately after the snow melts - to quickly earned the root system.This procedure is useful for all plants, wintering with leaves: Heuchera, tiarell, lungwort, Highland.

When relaxing after flowering a couple of weeks, saxifrage begins to lay a new outlet, it can be a little feed, watering with a solution complete fertilizer "Kemira-combi" at the rate of 1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water per 2 sq.m.

At this time, the aging process is activated "adult" leaves, which usually lasts two years.Their color becomes pinkish-yellow, gradually turning into brown shades.Darkened and dried leaves have formed on the basis of "protective film".In the heat slowly rotted leaves inhibits the evaporation of moisture from the ground around the bush to save the rhizome from overheating.Therefore, remove yourself better have separated leaves.And while dressing this "curtain" is not difficult to raise a hand.If saxifrage put on mind around it has to be clean, the leaves have to be removed, and regularly watered soil or mulch from overheating and drying out.

to plant well tolerated winter, just before the onset of frost Shovel opavshuyu trees with leaves around and around neholodostoykih Badanov varieties planted in late summer or fall, and lay on top of the sphagnum moss or covering material.

way

Bada good not only in the garden, but in the vase life.Interestingly, in a vase they sometimes do not know even experienced gardeners, flower for taking some exotic plants.

leaves and rhizomes of Bergenia is traditionally used in folk medicine.If you wash and dry in the shade of the old leaves, then boil them with boiling water, get a drink, great thirst-quenching,

use this plant, and in the leather craft - like tanning agent, as well as a source of dyes - in the manufacture of fabrics and yarns.From the leaves of Bergenia got green paint, and from roots - black or khaki.


Shalaveene Marina, a member of the club "Moscow Florists»

«Gardener» №5-2007