trees, no matter how big and powerful they may be, need not only in our love (and what else we planted them in their area ?!), but also to care and protection.Care - is watering, fertilizing and pruning.These charges are the gardeners with varying degrees of success is usually performed.But on defense, alas, are often overlooked.Meanwhile, without the handsome wood-risk of becoming ordinary firewood.
from head to toe
tree - the roots.Wood - a barrel.Wood - a Crown, consisting of branches, shoots and leaves (needles).Each of the three parts must be protected separately.
Notice how the planted saplings experts.Young seedlings are rarely bare, especially if you use not the cheapest planting.Their frail trunks can be wrapped with burlap, lined with reed mats.This is done to protect the thin bark from sunburn.After all, until recently, seedlings grown in a nursery with a clearly calculated density plantings, lighting - in short, under greenhouse conditions.Transplantation for them - a r
But the dangers do not end with childhood.The main enemy of trees - building.If they were lucky not to be filed down by the roots and transplanted to distant lands, there is a risk to be hurt or tap "KAMAZ".Fortunately, more and more often, even on Moscow construction sites, we see the human care of the trees: trunks lined with boards, fastened with ropes or wire.Ugly, but effective.However, such a temporary armor and can look quite aesthetically pleasing.Exquisitely decorated lattice around the trunks of trees in the central streets of megacities also designed to protect the trunks from damage.Such practical "jewelery" can also be applied on private land, if that is too compact and there is a risk of damage than trees whatsoever.
not to fall and break
Like people, trees, aging, begin to tend to the ground.Like people, they need support.Old men taking up sticks and crutches, trees rely on man-made props.These structures protect the trunks from the so-called windfalls (the slope of the land of the giant falls, together with the root system), and their branches from calving.By the old trees overgrown with heavy limbs, which often compete with the size of young trees.Under its own weight or the weight of the fruit, these branches can break off.Props for constructing trees of various materials - wood, metal and even stone.These structures can be very simple - as the classic fork under the old apple tree.But there may also be a certain aesthetic, emotional and even philosophical ... load.
In China, where the ancient specimens are especially anxious, they often build a beautiful stone retaining walls.After all, the older the tree, the more precious it is - a kind of natural antiques.And the appearance of support for the veteran garden - evidence, as the host refers to the plants, to the outside world, and if you want - for eternity.
Do not expose or close
in the garden without excavation impossible to live.You've got to take off the ground to smooth the difficult terrain, there - pour fertile layer for upgrading poor soil near Moscow.Whatever we do, we do not forget about the trees that are already available on the site.
podsypaya ground, we risk close root collar (the boundary between the root system and the trunk), and it is a true guarantee of the death of the tree a few years.To avoid this, you need to create a fence - time (only during ground movements on the territory) or permanent (or even serious curbs retaining walls).
Taking off the ground, we can expose the roots of the tree.After that, they quickly dry up, and after them - and all of our tree.Here to help can also come retaining wall.
What we primarily expect from the trees?Of course, the shadows in the midday heat.But while the trees are still small, they need shade.An accident at garden centers over the departments that sell seedlings, a special mesh is always tight?This fabric creates optimal conditions for the growth of the recent inhabitants of the nursery, so they will not dry out in the heat.Experience sellers useful and gardener.
Avenue, boulevards and squares are inconceivable without pavement.But trees do not grow on the pavement.Yield found long ago: in crowded areas trees are planted in the hole.They can be of different sizes and shapes.For Russia, the traditional squares of 2 x 2 m.
If left unprotected well, people will go next, mercilessly compacting the ground at the trunk and damaging the root system.To prevent this, the wells are closed bars - metal, wood.The roots receive the necessary moisture and oxygen, and in addition - defense.You can also do if in the garden under a spreading crown wants to place a platform for the rest.
Do not break, do not break off
If you every morning abusive lower branches of the tree their cars or children guests and strive to thwart leaves not cheap copies itself to the herbarium, your task - to make a crown out of reach.How?Very simple: having cut it properly.
Yu Razumovsky, Ph.D., assistant professor of landscape architecture
According to the magazine "The Gardener"