place - solar
Flowering - May - June
Soil - nutritious, loose, neutral
Watering - only in hot and dryweather in early summer
Diseases and pests - bacterial wet rot, leaf spot, thrips
Irises are familiar to all.They loved to depict in his paintings of the Renaissance and the Italians the great Flemings.Classic varieties are still preserved in many old gardens, but the tireless work of breeders for more than a hundred years have not passed in vain, and rather meager assortment of bearded irises XIX century turned into an enchanting range of colors of thousands of modern varieties of several classes.Let us dwell on the bearded irises, so named because the base of the outer petals (tethers) flowers decorated their "beards" - strips of hair are often released contrasting color to the background of the flower.
Opens flowering season the class of miniature dwarf.This is the lowest irises, up to 20 cm, descended from wild dwarf iris (Iris pumila), familiar to many residents of the south of Russia.Modern varieties of miniature dwarf, keeping the size of their ancestors, have gained quite large flowers with wide spread soaring files by effectively looking from the height of a man.Basically it is a plant for rockeries.
After miniature dwarf flowering turn comes standard.They are somewhat higher - up to 35 cm, so the possibility of their use in the garden is much wider, and the number of varieties and the prevalence of more.Popularity dwarfs contributes to the fact that it is one of the most unpretentious, grow rapidly and abundantly flowering bearded irises.
Average height bearded irises
Dwarfs replace sredneroslye bearded irises up to 70 cm. Among them distinguish classes intermedia, canteens and curb.Class combines the ranotsvetuschie intermedia varieties forming a dense shrub with many stems.These irises are mainly descended from crossbreeding with high bearded dwarfs and inherited the best of their properties - stability, abundant flowering and a variety of colors.They are best suited for use in garden design.Other classes sredneroslye - table and fillets irises - are less common.Dining irises - a melkotsvetkovye varieties that are suitable for arranging flowers, and abundant blooming in the garden.Fillets irises - most late blooming varieties group, similar to the tall, bearded irises.
tall, bearded irises
Finally, after sredneroslye comes the apotheosis - the time of flowering irises most spectacular - high-bearded.Their undoubted advantage is that everything, even the new luxury varieties grow in the open field, and among them many of those who differ enviable health and can reliably and regularly blossom in the middle lane.Often contrasted with the "old" and "new" variety, referring to the stability of the first and second moodiness.However, it is not.
Tall Bearded Irises - such as we know them today, have appeared about 100 years ago as a result of experiments hybridizers cross-European * diploid varieties of irises, descended from the pale iris (Iris pallida) and variegated iris [Iris variegata), with newly found inAsia Minor, the large-tetraploid ** bearded irises.The resultant of these crossings a few tetraploid hybrids and became the basis of the huge variety of modern varieties.But also caused problems - genetic heterogeneity: the presence of the qualities that are inherent in a European species, resistant to the vagaries of the weather, and the qualities of subtropical Asia Minor species unfamiliar with our winter.
These qualities were manifested in varying degrees in all grades of the last century, and modern varieties in this respect no different from the varieties of hundred years old.Many modern varieties even have some advantages compared to historical, since the middle of last century in hybridization work with the tall, bearded irises leafless iris was involved (Ins aphylla), in a range of colors привнесший rich purple and black colors.
Whither breeding irises, as we can see, this plant in a few years?The focus of course is on the flower.Colours of modern varieties are infinitely varied, but still there are new color combinations, new color patterns, instantly conquering the enormous popularity.Suffice it to mention the combination in a traditional flower patterns plikaty *** and **** variegates or revolutionary yellow border around a purple pattern on plikaty Falah varieties 'Ring Around Rosie' and 'Whispering Spirits'.
even more than painting, breeders care about the quality of the flower.What do we mean by quality?Wide halyards and serried banners (upper lobes), making flower assembled, round and expressive;density texture of petals, which provides resistance to rain and the life of a flower;elegance and uniformity of the corrugation of shares;width, density and expressiveness barbs.
increasingly sophisticated and harmonious, and the plant itself becomes.Varieties with giant flowers require proportional, durable and resistant to wind gusts stems.To drop-down flowers do not interfere with each other, they should be spaced sufficiently long branches, and was long to bloom in the inflorescence should be more buds.In the best modern varieties each branch ends with three socket buds, and their total number reaches twenty times!Especially attractive "exhibition" instances demonstrating on a spike three to five flowers at the same time disclosed.
Considerable attention is paid to the attractiveness of the iris garden - healthy foliage razrastaemosti bush and representativeness flowering stems when the amount is approximately equal to half the number of fans of the leaves.Interest and those varieties that flower stalks are not discarded at the same time, and for a considerable period of time, providing an exceptionally long flowering.
Where to plant?
place should always be sunny, slightly elevated, it is desirable to avoid water stagnation.The rhizomes of irises like to be warmed by the sun.Tall bearded irises are best confronted his chief enemy -mokroy rot - in light, well-drained soil, so if your site clay soil, dilute it a significant amount of sand in the ratio 2: 1 or 3: 1, and do not forget thathigh humus content also does not hurt.
standard planting unit - a one-year increase of iris rhizomes.In the middle lane they reach the appropriate size of the beginning of August.This has contributed to the recommended planting time - the first half of August.
What rhizomes better landing -Large or small, one-year (short) or a two-year (long)?If you want to see the iris flower the next year after planting, choose a large rhizome with a wide fan of 6-8 leaves.If important hardiness and survival plants, prefer a medium-sized one-two-year rhizome 2-2.5 cm in diameter, with 3-4 leaves.It will not bloom in the coming year, but the plant is better to remain in the new location.
buyer always sees to it that have been acquired iris rhizome roots.However, by early August, not all the young roots have time to grow new roots, and the old, last year, after planting are useless.Planted to a new place the rhizome grows new roots so that practically immaterial whether roots have purchased rhizomes.
Excessive humidity is dangerous for irises -can appear wet rot.However, if the second half of May - early June, established a dry and hot weather, irises will respond gratefully to irrigate.And bloom will be much better.
In late summer and fall watering is not recommended.Dry weather at this time to stop the growth of shoots and irises will provide the best conditions for overwintering.
Proven varieties shelter for the winter is not necessary.However, we should provide them through the winter air layer between the snow and soil.For this approach, for example, old spruce spruce branches with needles chipped and any material type lutrasila.
Diploid - Plant with a double set of chromosomes.
tetraploid - Plants with a quadruple set of chromosomes.
Plikata - drawing strokes, points or border of blue, purple or dark red color.
Variegates - three domestic and three outer petals have a different color.
1. Bearded Iris, curb ..Iris barbata 'Royal Ovation'
2. Bearded Iris, sredneroslyi, intermedia
Iris barbata 'In a Flash'
3.Bearded Iris, curb
Iris barbata 'Quinalt'
4. Bearded Iris, standard dwarf
Iris barbata 'Bourgeois'
5. Bearded Iris, standard dwarf
Iris barbata 'Puddy Tat'
6. Bearded Iris, Iris highbarbata 'Brazilian Holiday'
7. Bearded Iris, high
Iris barbata 'I'm Pretty'
8. Bearded Iris, high Iris barbata 'Confidante'
Pirogov Yu collector irises