If you put roses in spring, then in 2-3 weeks they will take root and begin to form shoots.From the very beginning of the development of young plants should be carefully watching them and regulate their growth.
To crown plants develop uniformly, they must generate.Young shoots, ahead of the development of the other, with the appearance of the fourth sheet pinch out - so there are new, symmetrically developed.The active growth of the shoots and stimulates root growth.In August, the forming shop stopped giving young plants the opportunity to bloom.
pinch and adults also rose - if they are weakened and fall behind in development.Prischipyvaya shoots, you can adjust the timing of flowering plants, pushing them in the right direction.
summer pruning is done in order to remove the "extra" shoots: weak;thickening center of the bush;"Blind" - that is, those that have no flowers;patients.You can shorten the so-called "fat" shoots too thick bush easier to hit the disea
faded flowers are cut off - they give bush groomed appearance.The cut made on the second or third leaf from the top (it must be a well-developed cinquefoil), staring out at the well-developed kidney, which can provide high-quality flowering shoots.Featuring a cut on 0.5-0.8 cm above the kidneys.
In late summer, remove the faded flowers is not necessary - it is the growth of shoots, which is undesirable in late summer.At once flowering park roses flowers leaves and the autumn they formed ornamental fruit.
Pruning after flowering roses
removal of wild shoots
Vaccinated plant below the graft and the roots often appear shoots of wild shoots, which is growing rapidly.It is characterized by a small bright foliage and "prickly".Wild growth can weaken the plant and even lead to the death of the graft portion.As is sometimes said growers, "grafted rose is transformed into wild rose."The reasons for this - poorly compacted soil when planting, frostbite damage to the roots when loosening and removing overgrown wrong.
Cut shoots need as soon as it appears.Root collar released from the ground and cut shoots at the base.If you cut at ground level, it is only promotes the growth of shoots, and she, instead of one will give a few shoots.
have standard roses wild shoots formed not only from the root, but also on the bole (trunk).Very often there is a wild growth in vaccinated polyanthas and miniature roses, at least - in large shrub.
Roses watered as the drying of the soil.Particularly dependent on moisture saplings.With insufficient watering shoots fail to grow and wither, the flowers become smaller, the leaves fall off.
better to water the rose is rare, but abundant (up to 10 liters of water per adult bush), in the evening, when evaporation is less moisture is lost.A lot of water is required shrub and climbing roses.Watering the plants need not strong jet, taking care not to blur the roots.If a large rose garden, in the hot season is best to install sprinklers with a spray system.
the autumn reduce watering to the plants did not develop fungal diseases.But at the same time for winter root system should not be overdried, or roses may die.
Roses like soil breathable.In the spring, summer and autumn after heavy rains it needs to dig, after irrigation loosened to a depth of 5 cm, to ensure access of air to the roots.And permanently remove the weeds that take a lot of nutrients, soil and drain are carriers of pests and diseases.
Roses for cut flowers during the first flowering.Just keep in mind that the flowering shoots can not be cut "the roots" - it stimulates the rapid growth and the awakening of dormant buds.The shoots formed from these kidneys will not have time before the cold weather odrevesnet and vymerznut.
soil for roses can be mulched.This provides extra food, improves the soil structure, it retains moisture, drastically reduces the number of weeds.Good use chopped straw, rotted manure, leaf mold, compost.A bark or nutshells as mulch also decorate a flower bed.Mulching the soil under the roses every spring, as soon as the ground warms up and it still retained enough moisture.Preliminary site should be cleared of weeds.When the layer of mulch perepreet, mulching repeated.
Roses need to be fed.In the first year after planting if the soil is well fertilized, mineral dressing young bushes do not need.Enough liquid organic fertilizer (mullein infusion 1:10 poultry manure 1:20).In the future, the number of feedings will depend on the fertility of the soil and climatic conditions.Usually 6-7 times make organic and mineral fertilizers.
spring, after removing the cover and pruning, bloom before the leaves can fertilize roses ammonium nitrate (30-40 g / sq. M).Nitrogen influences the growth of the shoots, leaves and roots.
fertilizers are applied for the first time in mid-April.But if at that time still very cold, the plants will not grasp the minerals, so it is best to wait for warming.After two weeks dressing nitrogen fertilizer is repeated.At a time when the buds are tied, fed rose for the third time - complex fertilizer, such as "Kemira wagon" (30-40 g / sq. M).
before first flowering are making a solution of mullein (1:10) or chicken manure (1:20) or a solution of sodium humate (1 tbsp. L. 40 liters of water).You can also use herbal infusion.These fertilizers can be made in the form of foliar feeding.
In mid-July, after the first flowering, fed rose for the fifth time - full of complex fertilizer with trace elements.This is necessary to restore the cut and the formation of new shoots.Since late July fertilizing nitrogen from the rule, as it contributes to a strong growing season, at which time unwanted.
the last two feeding occur in August and September - introduced superphosphate or potassium salt (30-40 g / sq. M).And ash can be used.Potassium is necessary for high-quality flowers, it also increases the resistance of plants to disease.Phosphorus accelerates flowering and affect the growth of roots and shoots.Together, they contribute to aging shoots.
Thanks to fertilizing roses are actively growing in the spring, summer bloom beautifully, developed in the early fall and are well tolerated in the winter.
With a shortage of nitrogen rose young leaves are small, pale green, fall prematurely.At deficiency of phosphorus - dark green, purple-reddish bottom.When little potassium - young leaves turn red, they turn brown and fall off, the flowers become smaller.
For stam roses looked after as well as for the shrub.
In cold and rainy weather, it is better to make foliar feeding - on leaves and shoots, since at this time the plants are no longer absorb and assimilate nutrients from the soil.Foliar fertilization improves the general condition of the plant, thereby increasing the number and size of flowers.Irrigation mullein infusion contributes to the prevention of fungal diseases.When transplanting, pruning, vase life of flowers, during cold weather or drought is useful to spray the roses "Appin extra".
can grow roses using only organic fertilizers.If roses grow and bloom very well, which means that the nutrients in the soil enough.
L. Bumbeeva, curator of roses GBS RAS