Catching birds.

By Admin | Garden, Garden
20 May 2016
mountain ash

Sorbus aucuparia

Lighting - light-requiring, grows well and bears fruit in a sufficiently

Soil - fertile, moisture capacity, and breathable

Watering - water-loving, but in aexcessive moisture is observed poor growth and even death of plants

cold resistance - one of the most hardy fruit crops

Diseases and pests - rowan rust, leaf spot, fruit rot, powdery mildew, anthracnose;Rowan mol, Rowan gallic mite, green aphids moth, mountain ash aphids, weevils lycidae


may wish to see the tree next to the house is incorporated into our "ancestral memory": after Rowan was once considered a symbol of fertility and prosperity.The Slavs called sacred rowan tree, and were confident that it is in its openwork crown hidden zipper (that at all - it is not surprising; lightning "choose" high ash, pastuschie in open space).And yet this tree has always loved, and for a bright, but some - shy beauty."Bitter rowan" - a popular folk poetry and image.

But the main thing - it is almost alw
ays decorative tree in spring pleases abundant flowering in summer - carved foliage in autumn - orange-red fruits, and in winter - bright grapes on a background of snow.


way

generic designation of a mountain ash comes from the Celtic word sor, which means the tart, and species - aucuparia - Latin for "bird catching."Perhaps rowan used as bait for catching birds networks.

hard, dense wood Rowan has long been used in the manufacture of carriages, the wooden parts of the equipment mills, agricultural tools.From it made hoops for barrels, part of spears to hunt bear.Cora was indispensable for tanning hides, tanning.Berries are added to a pet food.




1) Sorbus aria rotundifolia Sorbus aria

2) Sorbus aucuparia "Grenade» Sorbus aucuparia

3) Ken Rowan Sorbus koehneana

4) Sorbus aucuparia "Nevezhenskaya» Sorbus aucuparia

5) Sorbus aucuparia "Titan» Sorbus aucuparia

6) Sorbus aucuparia "Ruby» Sorbus aucuparia

7) Kashmir Rowan Sorbus cashmiriana



Grades rowan fruit

'Scarlet big' • one of the mostof varieties of this crop.When hybridizing a mixture of pollen of different breeds of pears.The fruit has a very large (more than 4 g), scarlet red, reminiscent of cherries, juicy, with a touch of tartness, but without bitterness.Grade early appearance of fruit, universal.Yield per mature tree reaches 150 kg.

'Bead' • fruits on the 4-5th year after planting.On small trees ripen ruby ​​red fruit, to taste reminiscent of cranberries.Sort hardy, resistant to disease.Yields stable.

'Vefed' • Nevezhinskaja received from Rowan.Small trees stabipno fruits.Fruits orange-pink, shiny, weighing up to 1.3 g Grade is characterized by high winter hardiness.

'Grenade' • hybrid of mountain ash with Crataegus aestivalis.Tree height of 3-4 m. The fruits are the size of a cherry.The taste of sweet and sour, not bitter.Winter hardiness and productivity high.Fruiting from the age of three.

'Beauty' • a cross between pear and mountain ash.The tree forms a broad pyramidal crown, its height - 5-6 m. Fruiting abundant and annually, the fruits are large, 1.8-2.2 grams, saturated orange-red with uncharacteristic Rowan oblong shape.Taste some pungent.

'Hope' • undersized wood.The fruits (1.8-2 g), contain large amounts of biologically active substances.The variety has a high yield and the early appearance of fruit.

'Ruby' • dwarf plant type (2-2.3 m), with a spreading crown.The fruit is dark-ruby (1.8 g), a pleasant sweet-sour taste.

'Titan' • cultivar obtained by crossing mountain ash with pear and apple krasnolistnyh.This medium-grew a tree with a broad rounded crown.The fruit is dark red with a bluish bloom weighing up to 2 years is very winter hardy.Fruits annually.

'Sorbinka' • srednerosloe tree.Fruits are large (up to 3 g), yellow-red, sweet refreshing taste.Fruiting in the 5-6th year.Yields are plentiful.



Types

mountain ash (Sorbus aucuparia) distributed in the European part of Russia, Siberia and the Urals.Age of it is comparable to a human - to 80 or even 100 years, and it gives the highest yields in middle age - 35-40.Under favorable conditions the tree reaches a height of 18 meters, and its roots go back to the powerful two-meter depth.As the northern culture, Rowan suffers drop in temperature to -50 ° C, and therefore increasing, even in areas close to the Far North.At the same time he loves lit places - in the shadow of weakening growth and therefore decreases the yield, and quality suffers: in the fruit decreases the content of vitamins, sugars, acids.

Other mountain ashes, and there are about eighty, is not less interesting: Rowan olholistnaya different beautiful narrow-pyramidal crown, at the Tibetan krona columnar, in the Kashmir white berries, while mixed - green;rowan tree aria looks silvery, shimmering in the wind.

Fruit rowan

mountain ash know everything, but that on its basis is derived from the many varieties of tasty and healthy fruits, many do not realize.The most famous mountain ash Nevezhinskaja.

It is often called Nezhinskaya, which is incorrect.The history of this confusion is.A shepherd from the village Nevezhina Vladimir province noticed in the forest with mountain ash delicious fruit spread and shared it with fellow villagers seedlings.Soon it began to grow throughout the area.The well-known wine merchant Peter Smirnov, buying up the mountain ash as a raw material for their production, specially called her Nezhinskaya to direct competitors on the wrong track - the city of Nezhin.

real revolution in the creation of new varieties sladkoplodnoy Rowan makes Ivan Michurin.He crossed to each other not only different kinds of mountain ash, rowan and with pear, medlar, apple, hawthorn.And it gave very interesting results.

Technology planting

Grades Rowan samobesplodny, so the garden should be planted immediately, or grades 2-3 vaccinate in the crown of a tree a few varieties.Seedlings better to take one or two year.

Acidic soils lime advance.Plant can and autumn (mid September - early October), and in the spring, but early, as Rowan quickly start to grow.

seedlings were placed in a pre-prepared hole size 60-100 or 80-50 cm (depending on the capacity of the root system).It is advisable to make the planting mixture of 10-12 kg of compost, 500-600 g of superphosphate and 70-130 g of potassium salt.

Care

tree trunks contain weed-free.But it is necessary to loosen the soil surface, as too deep loosening can cause basal shoots, which will inhibit the growth of trees.If it did appear, it would have to cut - without the stumps, in the topsoil.

In dry periods, the trees need watering - the lack of moisture hinders the growth of shoots and the ovaries.Fertilizer has beneficial effects on plant development, but an excessive amount of nitrogen and potash fertilizers in the fruit reduces the amount of vitamin R. Nitrogen fertilizers are applied in the spring, phosphorus-potassium - in the fall.

In tall varieties restrict the growth of cutting.Forming a solid skeleton (wood must withstand greater fruits weight) thickening branches removed, and skeletal output angle greater than 45 ° C.

Collect fruits begin in late August - early September, depending on the timing of maturation.Pull a cleaning is not necessary - in varietal rowan fruits quickly fade and are tasteless.In addition, you can get ahead of the birds.



Vladimir Khromov, Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, VNIIS them.Michurin

«Gardener» №9-2007