Formed gardening.

By Admin | Garden, Garden
20 May 2016
molded gardening its roots in the same place and the roots of European classics - in the Renaissance.It is believed that the art to grow fruit trees, giving various forms of intricate crowns, it was born in the sixteenth century.But it reached its greatest prosperity in the second half of the nineteenth - in Germany, France and England.Prior to Russia's borders molded gardening also came, but then stopped and, as soon come a time not conducive to the development of "fine gardening."True, in the Ukraine and Moldova experiences growing palmetto (so for brevity collectively referred to various forms) continued.And today, with the passion of decorative gardening, and we have an interest to this rather complex type of garden art.

What is molded gardening?

This growing fruit trees on slaboroslyh suspensions in artificial forms.Sometimes it called Shpalernaya since formed trees are often attached to the supports - Frame, tapestries, walls of houses - which are located in one plane.

Amazing beauty of the forming crowns of
fruit trees arose during the rapid flowering gardening.Today they are called classic.It cordons, palmettos, pyramids, cups.

but worth CZK artificially formed not only in the decoration.Firstly, palmettes compact, which is especially convenient for small garden plots.Second, crown them well ventilated and illuminated by the sun.Thanks to this fruit grow larger, aligned in size, well-colored, with a rich (characteristic varieties) taste.The fruiting palmettos come no earlier than conventional trees because it takes a lot of time to remove the crown.But then the harvest, based on the area occupied by the plant, is 2-3 times higher, to care for these trees is much easier and more convenient to gather fruits: standing on the ground, you can reach any area of ​​the crown.

From any tree form palmettes? molded gardening

All classic and modern forms of artificial crowns are designed mainly for apples and pears.Although Fan palmette suitable for stone fruit crops - cherries, cherry plum, apricot, and some berry bushes such as currants.But not all varieties of fruit trees are equally suited for the forming.For example, some varieties of apple trees with a very strong branching (anise, Pepin, Gudulu) and those in which the bulk of the fruit is formed on the one-year long branches (lateral type of fruiting), are difficult to form.Do not use for these purposes and summer varieties of plants.They will give fruit early, dropping leaves and lose decorative.Not suitable and trees with small inconspicuous fruit.A particularly good for the creation of artificial forms of late varieties of apple trees with bright colored fruits molded gardening, aesthetically pleasing to late autumn.


1. On horizontal branches

2. On sloping branches

3. Circular

4. Double U - shaped Veyrier without center conductor

5. Triple U - shaped Veyrier to the center conductor



7. Vertical

8. Inclined odnoplechy

9. Horizontal odnoplechy

10. Inclined double-arm

11. The horizontal double-arm

12. Double U - shaped

13. The simple U - shaped

14. V - shaped

He hurts you Forming artificial plants?

more intense forms of exploitation of plants, of course, reduce the duration of their lives, but 25-30 years, or even longer, may well serve as palmettos.As for diseases, the vast majority of diseases in our gardens - spot, rust, rot, scab fungus -otnosyatsya to the category.The most favorable conditions for them - poor lighting, high humidity and stagnant air.The saw palmetto is ventilated and lighting are excellent, and the conditions for the spread of disease, on the contrary, bad.As for pests, if they are flying into SHAPED garden, then get rid of them will be much easier because it can be seen through.

Forming cordons

very difficult to form a fruit tree?Of course, not easy.But not for the amateur gardeners, to take on a commitment to creating beautiful.Learn how this is possible, the main thing - should start with the simplest forms.

example, cordon.This form is in and of itself is excellent, and all the other classic crown - a combination of cordons.

cordon consists of a trunk on which every 5-8 cm placed short short-lived branch that call is cluttered.Cordons decorative and spring during flowering, summer and even in winter, when snow turns black background only their skeleton.But especially good cordons autumn, when their branches laden with fruit.

As of trunk space cordons distinguish horizontal, vertical and inclined.A structure - simple and complex.Simply consists of a barrel, and complex - from several.Let's start with the most simple.

simple horizontal cordon

Forming a simple horizontal cordon molded gardening start with annuals.In a place reserved for him, put two pegs a height of about 50 cm. One at the beginning of the cordon, and the second - at a distance of 2-2.5 m from it.Between them at a height of 40 cm strengthen galvanized wire or a solid wooden rail.Close to both sides of the bearing pull one more wire for attaching fouling branches.

near the first-year peg planted a sapling and bend its trunk at an angle of 90 °.Arcs in the bend should not be.If the plant is unable to bend, the bend in the lower side triangular excised piece of bark from the wood.Wound tied plastic film and covered garden pitch.After 1.5-2 weeks harness is removed.Otherwise, hauling and formed a cordon may be irreparably damaged.

Bending Barrel plants can break down.But it's not scary.It must be done carefully slice in place breakage and cover his garden pitch.A shoulder cordon will be formed from a strong flight, which will certainly have a place cut.Often the top of the plant are cut specifically to the formation of one or more shoulders to begin with cordon shoots.

CQC tie to the support in a few places.But the tip is left in the raised position.All kidneys, located on the upper side of the trunk, remove the - of them to grow up strong shoots, and you do not have to get rid of them.A branch of the overgrowing of them manage to get is not always.

In early summer, let everyone grows freely.But as soon as the length of the side shoots (of the remaining kidney) will reach 15 cm, it is time to turn them into overgrowing branches.

most effective way - nipping the tops.Remove the tip of the shears, knife, nail.For the first time, each pinch escape so that it remained only three well-formed buds.

molded gardening When the shoots of awakening after the first pinching kidney reach a length of 8-10 cm, pinch them too.At this time over the two kidneys.If necessary, repeat the same pinched one or two times.Apical escape pinch is not necessary.It happens that on the inner barrel, near the site of the bend, there are wildly growing shoots.Turn them overgrowing branches do not help any pinching.Cut them to the ring, and preferably while they are young, break off with the "heel."

The farther away from the place of the shoots bend trunks, the weaker growth.To align them of growth, stronger shoots pinch need stronger and the weak correspondingly less.

If fouling branches many were removed.Beginning with the sick, weak and located too close to one another.If enough - anti-fouling formed on each branch a greater number of branches.Spring Barrel tip pruned every year, as if it would be too much of kidneys, some are not touched by the growth and of the trunks would be bare.

Abundant blooms and the presence of a large number of ovaries, which are then necessarily fall off, the tree is severely malnourished.And this is followed by the frequency of fruiting, and reduced resistance to adverse environmental factors.Including frost, pests, diseases.Therefore, in each inflorescence should leave only one central flower.Thus, 80% of the flowers are removed, it remains 20%.It is enough for a very high yield.On mature trees with normal foliage involved in the formation of the harvest of flowers only 3-15% of their original numbers.

not less than once every five years to accrete the tip of the branch and the trunk is required to rejuvenate the severe pruning.

cordons can be used as soliternyh plant for edging paths, to distinguish between adjacent sections to create arbors, pavilions and simply as prompt fantasy.