Storage and klubnelukovichnyh korneklubnevyh crops

By Admin | Garden, Garden
19 May 2016
klubnelukovichnye Many novice growers in the fall trying to stock up plenty of tubers did not hesitate in doing so, how to prepare and klubnelukovichnye korneklubnevye culture for storage, and in the spring show that planting spoiled.To sort happened, it is necessary, first, to assess their capabilities and desires: If you do not have a cellar or garage, or Patio, ie any premises where during the winter the temperature can be kept 5-8 C for quantity not chaseworth.Second, make sure that the bulbs and tubers for storage, perfectly healthy and matured.And, thirdly, the storage, consider the characteristics of each culture.

Montbretsiya or Crocosmia

(Montbretia, Crocosmia) With this plant usually do so: at the end of September the corms are dug, dried for several days at room temperature, separated from the corms klubnepochek.Store at 5-7 ° C.

Suitable another way: dig up the whole bush, not ground shake, baby should not be separated.Dried nest stored in an open container.If corms lot, you can take a chance and leave
part of their winter in the soil zamulchirovat thick layer of peat (15 cm).

tuberous begonia

klubnelukovichnye (Begonia x tuberhybrida) Tuber of this plant must ripen in the middle zone.To expedite the process, from the middle of August, begonias begin to remove all the flowers.Dig the tubers until the early morning frost.

to storage often prepared as follows: the stalks are cut to 2-3 cm, the tubers are dug shovel without clearing the roots from the soil, put them in boxes and transferred to a warm, well ventilated room.After about two weeks, the remnants of the stems removed, clean the tubers from the ground and old roots and arrange for storage.

can prepare the tubers for another: to cut off the stems, leaving 5-10 cm long, tubers wash, treat with fungicide and lay out to dry.In the dried tubers of dried stems are easily separated.Storage conditions - the temperature of 6-8 "C, humidity 80-85%. Tubers better pour peat or sawdust.

Georgina

klubnelukovichnye (Dahlia) Dahlia is usually dug in late September - October, when the bushes turn black after the first frost. Before digging the stems are cut at a height of 8-12 cm from the root collar. korneklubni removing from the ground, careful not to damage the root collar located at the resumption of the kidney - without them, the tubers do not sprout. Nests dahlias are washed from the soil, carefully inspect, cut badly damaged tubers,remove the thin feeder roots and immersed for 30 minutes in a solution of potassium permanganate. before storage for 7-10 days of their useful to hold at low positive temperatures. During this time there will suberization skin of tubers, preventing drying.

The storage tubers are placed on the shelvesor in boxes. The optimum humidity of 80%. In a dry place the tubers dry out and shrivel.If the humidity is difficult to ensure, that the roots of dahlias are placed in boxes and pour sand, peat or sawdust.Protect from drying out they can, and with the help of a clay mash, immerse the tubers and dry until crisp.Sometimes using waxing.Tubers are divided into delenki so that each had 1-3 buds resume.Arrange on a plate waterbath in a suitable vessel and melted paraffin momentarily lowered one after the other in a tuber.When the film is cured, the procedure is repeated until delenki completely covered with paraffin.Thereafter, they are folded into a rigid container and put into storage.A small amount of planting material, you can save up to spring, wrapped in several layers of wet newsprint, then Kraft 0bumagu and place on the bottom shelf of a conventional refrigerator.From time to time you need to replace the wet paper.

Gladiolus

klubnelukovichnye (Gladiolus), Tigridia (Tigridia), atsidantera (Acidanthera) These klubnelukovichnye ready for winter alike.In early October (when the autumn, damp - something earlier, since the end of September), the stems are cut, leaving a 15-20 cm long.Plants carefully removed from the land, so that the kids do not crumble: break forks and pull for the rest of the stem.Then you can separate the baby.Planting material is spread on the quality and size in prefab containers.Under the young corms preserved old wrinkled corm, it is not separated, so as not to damage the basal plate.Babe corms and washed first with water, then the solution "Intal vira" or "spark" and again with water, and then immersed in a solution of potassium permanganate.You can use the drug "Maxim".After treatment, tubers laid on newsprint and dried.Within 5-7 days, temperature is maintained at 25-30 "C, providing good ventilation, and then finally dried for a month at a temperature of 18-20 ° C.

If the old corm can be easily separated, so the drying process can be considered complete. Dried residuesthe stems are cut with scissors. Covering scales are not removed. For the storage of used cardboard boxes or boxes with lids. Their inner walls treated with an insecticide from a container such as dichlorvos (any intended for domestic use). Dried tubers are laid out on grades in nylon bags and placed in a box, close the lid and wrap them with newspaper to insecticide evaporates slowly. The optimum storage temperature of 1-5 "C and relative humidity of about 80%.

special approach

different approach and require special storage conditions freesia, anemone castellated, Ranunculus asiaticus.

Freesia (Freesia) These tender plants are best grown in containers.They bloom in the fall.To bloom lasted longer, in late September containers with flowers to make room.This simple solution allows tubers to mature properly (in the open air in the middle zone is inaccessible).After the withering away of the aerial part of the corms are dug, washed, disinfected and dried slightly.The recommended storage temperature is 26-30 ° C.Freesia corms are small, they are very easy to dry up.So it's best to put them in a sterile, tightly sealed jars and placed near a heating duct or pipe.There are other recommendations, but we must honestly admit that no method of storage room does not guarantee the quality of flowering.

Anemone castellated

(Anemone coronaria) and buttercup Asian
(Ranunculus asiaticus) Thick roots of these plants after digging washed, treated with a fungicide solution and dried to a state of "crackers".Stored in any box or bag at room temperature.Before planting, soak a day.

mandatory inspection

During the winter, all stocks are browsing at least once a month.If you find signs of fungal disease - rot, spot, mildew - affected area is cleaned and treated with brilliant green or colloidal sulfur.Severely affected tubers and bulbs at once removed, lest they become the source of infection.

way

klubnelukovichnye In March-April, sales appear delenki perennials: Astilbe, Heuchera, phlox, etc.Draws in this planting it a small price, but keep such plants before planting into the soil in the spring is very difficult.First of all, because of the high temperature in the house planted in the ground delenok start to grow buds resume, and the root system does not have time to form.As a consequence - the death of the plant.Therefore, before planting need to remove damaged and diseased roots, healthy roots cut up to 10-15 cm.

good to use rooting stimulants - "Kornevin" geroauksin.Soil choose lightweight, moisture capacity.After planting, the plants are placed in a bright cool place with a temperature of 6 ° C.Instead of watering is better to spray the shoots grow back.After rooting (2-3 weeks), the plants can be transferred to a cool place (10-12 ° C) or use supplementary lighting, otherwise the plants will pull and lose decorative.In the garden, planted only after the threat of frost disappears after (June 10), or in May, but the shelter, because by this time formed a good aerial part, which may be affected by low temperatures.So the plants in the first year do not give bloom to encourage root development.

Flowering bulbs are now sold throughout the year.What to do with hyacinths and crocuses after they fade?First, remove the faded inflorescences, so that the plant does not expend energy on seed formation.Second, gradually reduce watering stimulating leaf yellowing and loss of nutrients in the bulb.When the leaves turn yellow completely, the bulb is removed, dried at room temperature, purified from old roots and coverts flakes.

Crocuses and daffodils will be planted in the ground in May, after thawing of the soil.Flowering plants of the season will not be, it is unlikely that will give full bloom the next year, but there is hope.Hyacinth bulbs have to be stored until the beginning of September (at approximately 25 ° C).But to get a quality inflorescence of onions after distillation can only be in a few years, and subject to temperature control during storage.