First of all, the land should be loose, breathable.Only light soil can deliver oxygen to the roots and remove carbon dioxide to form, that is to ensure proper breathing plants.The number of recommendations are often referred to soil mixes with different compositions.They are acidic or weakly acidic and neutral, light or heavy, fertile or poor.The percentage of components depends on the requirements of cultivated plants.The most commonly used components such as sand, clay, turf and leaf earth, humus.Less added spruce and pine cones, peat, sawdust, pine litter.
humic substances are able to retain moisture and gradually give it to plants.They are dark in color, which contributes to the rapid warming, so it is often mulch humus.More than any other b
Bust clay facing oppression plants due to the fact that in the dense clay soils delicate spines difficult to obtain food, as well as plants with root rot due to water stagnation.When drought clay soils give deep cracks that not only break the delicate plant roots, but also contribute to the further drainage.Clay vise are able to tolerate only "The Steadfast Tin Soldier" - a mother and stepmother, gagea, acacia, spirea, alisma plantaginaceae.Improve clay soil an annual application of organic baking powder - peat, sand, leaf mold, straw, sawdust and so on. D.
coniferous litter added to the planting mix as acidifying baking powder.Completely decomposed litter is light, fluffy, homogeneous mass.It can be used and half-decayed, in the form of a homogeneous mass, but falls soft dark brown needles.Coniferous litter useful Hydrangeas and hops.
cones of conifers and shredded bark after pereprevaniya is a good disintegrating.They are magnificent and as mulch for ornamental shrubs.
Sawdust, peregnivaya, take nitrogen from the soil and contribute to its acidification, so before making their airs periodically shoveling and compost, manure or restyle pouring fermented infusion of herbs.You can use the easier handling - just moisten the sawdust fertilizers, such as urea.Mulching with sawdust like strawberries, strawberries, raspberries and blackberries, and respond well to make sawdust into the planting soil mix.
Sheet and turf ground
can fold the leaves in the box and watered with liquid manure or fermented infusion of herbs.Rotted leaves fast enough (2-3 months) are converted into free-flowing dark mass, which is added to the mixture in large enough quantities, but not more than 30%.Grassy land is made from turf - the top layer of virgin land.Sod stacked in piles "grass to grass," and for a period pereprevaniya watered with liquid manure can also be perestilat layers of sod manure litter.To add in a mixture of soil turf ground will be ready in a year.
competent approach to the conventional digging - not the last thing in the garden of science.Autumn digging started after the harvest or after the first frost when the annuals are losing their valuable qualities.During the autumn digging the soil clods do not break, leaving them as large as possible to snow, lingering over bumps, saturate the soil moisture and the spring water is not washed away with arable nutrients.Spring digging pursues other objectives: a selection of weeds and loosening the soil, so the clods break as much as possible.Getting it is determined as follows: at a depth of 7-8 cm take a handful of soil, squeeze it in your hand, arm stretched in front of him and decompress.If a fallen lump break into several pieces, then the earth is warm enough and dry out for processing.Nondecomposed lump indicates increased soil moisture, its unavailability.Crumbled like sand lump indicative of parched earth and the delay in digging.
Too much sand as bad as the lack of it - of the sandy soil is easily washed away nutrients, they are infertile and too fast drying.The advantages include ease of handling, quick drying and early spring warming.Proponents bask on the sand - various saxifrage, cat's paw, sandy immortelle, young, stonecrops.On the damp sand often flock to the beautiful butterfly.
Peat Peat is low-lying - well decomposed, black, slightly acidic;transition (acidic) and horse - sphagnum, light brown and very sour.Before applying compost peat with lime or ashes.Before composting peat aerate with a double, triple shoveling over the summer.Ventilated peat can be used for mulching, especially on heavy soils and cold.Well decomposed peat stain hands and leaves on a dark brown paper trail.Peat contains much nitrogen, but little phosphorus and potassium.
Peat has a high water capacity and low permeability, resulting in pure peat plants rot.Low thermal conductivity of peat contributes to its use for the winter shelter root systems malozimostoykih plants, but it should be noted that in the spring, these plants will not take long to growth.