Soils.

By Admin | Garden, Garden
19 May 2016
any garden does not start with the markup beds and buying plants or shrubs, and the ground.From the very land that hardly uncovered by snow, so extraordinary smell coming spring and, like a magnet, attracts the lovers of winter yearned for it to dig.

First of all, the land should be loose, breathable.Only light soil can deliver oxygen to the roots and remove carbon dioxide to form, that is to ensure proper breathing plants.The number of recommendations are often referred to soil mixes with different compositions.They are acidic or weakly acidic and neutral, light or heavy, fertile or poor.The percentage of components depends on the requirements of cultivated plants.The most commonly used components such as sand, clay, turf and leaf earth, humus.Less added spruce and pine cones, peat, sawdust, pine litter.

Humus

Soils. humic substances are able to retain moisture and gradually give it to plants.They are dark in color, which contributes to the rapid warming, so it is often mulch humus.More than any other b
lack soil rich in humus.However, in this "ideal" soil is not good at all culture.Many plants are beginning to fatten - increasing the green mass at the expense of flowering and fruiting.Humus is obtained by means of composting crop residues, food waste, peat.For humus compost pile must be watered in time, preventing dryness and shovel.The best is dung humus - decomposed manure is the second or third year.Bust humus soil overheating and leads to "burn" plants.

Humus contains all the substances necessary for the life of plants.Humus-rich soils do not require fertilization.Humus is added to almost all soil mixtures.



Clay

Bust clay facing oppression plants due to the fact that in the dense clay soils delicate spines difficult to obtain food, as well as plants with root rot due to water stagnation.When drought clay soils give deep cracks that not only break the delicate plant roots, but also contribute to the further drainage.Clay vise are able to tolerate only "The Steadfast Tin Soldier" - a mother and stepmother, gagea, acacia, spirea, alisma plantaginaceae.Improve clay soil an annual application of organic baking powder - peat, sand, leaf mold, straw, sawdust and so on. D.

clay is added to a mixture of light sandy plants as a source of essential nutrients for "weighting" of sandy soils.




coniferous litter

Soils. coniferous litter added to the planting mix as acidifying baking powder.Completely decomposed litter is light, fluffy, homogeneous mass.It can be used and half-decayed, in the form of a homogeneous mass, but falls soft dark brown needles.Coniferous litter useful Hydrangeas and hops.

cones of conifers and shredded bark after pereprevaniya is a good disintegrating.They are magnificent and as mulch for ornamental shrubs.

Sawdust

Sawdust, peregnivaya, take nitrogen from the soil and contribute to its acidification, so before making their airs periodically shoveling and compost, manure or restyle pouring fermented infusion of herbs.You can use the easier handling - just moisten the sawdust fertilizers, such as urea.Mulching with sawdust like strawberries, strawberries, raspberries and blackberries, and respond well to make sawdust into the planting soil mix.

sawdust and small chips are used for mulching and loosening heavy clay and loamy soils.


Sheet and turf ground

Soils. can fold the leaves in the box and watered with liquid manure or fermented infusion of herbs.Rotted leaves fast enough (2-3 months) are converted into free-flowing dark mass, which is added to the mixture in large enough quantities, but not more than 30%.Grassy land is made from turf - the top layer of virgin land.Sod stacked in piles "grass to grass," and for a period pereprevaniya watered with liquid manure can also be perestilat layers of sod manure litter.To add in a mixture of soil turf ground will be ready in a year.

ground sheet is made from healthy fallen leaves that fold down in a heap, and in spring and autumn shovel



competent approach to the conventional digging - not the last thing in the garden of science.Autumn digging started after the harvest or after the first frost when the annuals are losing their valuable qualities.During the autumn digging the soil clods do not break, leaving them as large as possible to snow, lingering over bumps, saturate the soil moisture and the spring water is not washed away with arable nutrients.Spring digging pursues other objectives: a selection of weeds and loosening the soil, so the clods break as much as possible.Getting it is determined as follows: at a depth of 7-8 cm take a handful of soil, squeeze it in your hand, arm stretched in front of him and decompress.If a fallen lump break into several pieces, then the earth is warm enough and dry out for processing.Nondecomposed lump indicates increased soil moisture, its unavailability.Crumbled like sand lump indicative of parched earth and the delay in digging.

Sand

Soils. Too much sand as bad as the lack of it - of the sandy soil is easily washed away nutrients, they are infertile and too fast drying.The advantages include ease of handling, quick drying and early spring warming.Proponents bask on the sand - various saxifrage, cat's paw, sandy immortelle, young, stonecrops.On the damp sand often flock to the beautiful butterfly.

to correct deficiencies in the sandy soil in spring and fall make organic fertilizer.Mineral fertilizers and her pet often minimal doses.For soil mixtures used well washed coarse sand.The sand makes the soil light, air - and watertight, is an excellent drainage material.





Peat Peat is low-lying - well decomposed, black, slightly acidic;transition (acidic) and horse - sphagnum, light brown and very sour.Before applying compost peat with lime or ashes.Before composting peat aerate with a double, triple shoveling over the summer.Ventilated peat can be used for mulching, especially on heavy soils and cold.Well decomposed peat stain hands and leaves on a dark brown paper trail.Peat contains much nitrogen, but little phosphorus and potassium.

Peat has a high water capacity and low permeability, resulting in pure peat plants rot.Low thermal conductivity of peat contributes to its use for the winter shelter root systems malozimostoykih plants, but it should be noted that in the spring, these plants will not take long to growth.

To determine the acidity of the soil, just look at his feet.Weeds - indicators of acidity rising at every turn.On acid soils settle willow-wheat, plantain, horsetail, and Veronica Chamaedrys dlinnolistaya, galeopsis and patrons gardens - mint field.Satellites are slightly acidic and neutral sites - pineappleweed, mother and stepmother, red clover and creeping, and stubborn, but decorative weed - field bindweed.Deoxidizes soil may be making wood ash.For lime per 1 sq.m make 3-4 cups of ash.