lawn - one of the most important elements of garden ornaments.It completely special look and group and soliternye planting perennial flowers and shrubs, and flower beds of annual flowers.But before you begin to create a lawn, you should decide what it will look, how to shape it, what seeds to plant, and much more.
choose the type LAWN
One of the classic types of lawn - ground or English.But do not take risks when choosing this kind, - cultivation will take a very long time, and the result can be very frustrating.Its creation is best left to professionals, but by the start from the ordinary, universal lawn.First, you must choose the right seeds.Mixture should be selected from at least three species of herbs and better - 5-6.The components of mixtures are selected based on what kind of lawn you want to see on the site (decoration, sports, games), where it will be located (in the shaded area of your garden or on the sunny space) and some soil (sandy, sandy loam, clay, peaty).
Today, various compan
prepare the ground
Once you have purchased the seeds should be to prepare the ground for sowing.The best lawn is available on the predominantly sandy soils.If you have clay soil on the site (for example, in the suburbs), the top layer is recommended to add 5-10 cm of sand in order to create a suitable root zone.The sand should be thoroughly mixed with the top layer of the earth and form the root zone to a depth of 15-20 cm. By adding sand, try not to overdo it, because it leads to subsidence.
For stability to trampling the lawn should create a loose root zone, which will help the water to seep into the deeper layers of the soil.The site, designed for the lawn several times to dig to a depth of a shovel.Then align the soil with a rake and slightly compacted, do not forget to remove the hard clods and weeds.
Now you can start planting.Sowing should manually.Seeding rate should not exceed 50 g per 1 sq.m. thoroughly mixed with organic fertilizers required number of seeds, divide them into 4 pieces.The first part vyseyte along the section, the second - in the opposite direction.A third and fourth - sow across the area from right to left and vice versa.After the seed and fertilizer soil flatten slightly with a rake to cover the seeds with earth no more than 5 mm.Then the soil should roll on.This must be done before it is dry.
care for your lawn
15-20 days, depending on the weather, the first results of your labors - small green shoots.Together with them, climb and weeds.They need to be removed manually two to three times a week until the lawn does not form a turf and get stronger.Then your helper in the fight against weeds become regular mowing the lawn - weeds do not stand for low and frequent mowing.
For most conventional lawn acceptable mowing height - 4-5 cm, the hottest period - up to 5-6 cm. The first time the grass is mowed in about 20 days after emergence (6-8 cm).At unduly low mowing due to the large consumption of nutrients is weakened herbs, during dry periods, this leads to dehydration and wilting of the plants.Cut grass is usually removed.However, during dry periods it can be left on the lawn - it reduces the evaporation of moisture.It is best to mow in dry weather.Each subsequent pass mower mowing direction to be changed.Do not forget about watering, especially in the first month after emergence.In dry weather, watering should be three times a week.Also during a season can be made with sufficient organic fertilizer nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.
After the last mowing (end of September), when the grass is cut a little higher (5 cm), carefully select the crop residues and make the potassium-phosphorus fertilizer without nitrogen.By late October, the lawn completely stop its growth.At this time he is in a weakened state, so do not go on it, so as not to damage the turf.If the lawn in place with the onset of cold weather there was ice crust, an urgent need to break it, otherwise it will lead to death of plants
quality problems LAWN:
wrong choice of herbs.
bad preparation of the site.
Excessive regrowth lawn mowing or too low.
lack of feeding.
presence of weeds, pests and diseases.
Trampling, run-off waters.
Unlike parterre, an ordinary lawn easily eliminate most of these reasons.
«Gardening Life» № 6-2007