If ordinary garden plants are now sold in abundance, the water is hard to find.But, fortunately, there is an amazing Tarasovka near Moscow nursery water and marsh plants.His soul - PhD Alexander Marchenko.About this farm know all landscapers and many amateur gardeners.It really is a unique nursery is one of the world's best institutions of this profile.Here a rich collection of aquatic and marsh plants that are suitable for our conditions.On the territory of 3 hectares in addition to industrial and commercial areas to create a beautiful water gardens in different styles.So the usual trip to the kennel for the purchase of plants each time turns into an attractive game, which always a real pleasure.
Today we asked Alexander's talk about the Queen of reservoirs - lily.
With .CH.Alexander, gardeners often asked whether it is called a lotus lily?
A.M.Lotus no-Latin Nelumbo, water lily - Nymphaea.These are two completely different kinds of plants.However, in Egypt, home to Nymphaea lotus, which ca
lotus flowers raised on stalks above the water, but also has a variety of water lilies with raised flowers.
however not be confused with the lotus water lily because of its special fruits-box.These boxes are used in dried form in floristry.
Lotuses nezimostoyki, they are common in warm countries.We lotus lack not only heat, but also to sunlight, both insolation intensity, and duration of illumination.Without sufficient heat and, above all, the world has no time to form a lotus roots to stock and therefore unable to spend the winter.
I tried on my farm to grow lotus, placing it in the winter in the greenhouse, but then abandoned the venture as to create the necessary conditions for us almost impossible.However, in the Russian Far East, in the delta of the Volga and in the Caucasus there are real lotuses.
Lotus wakes up late in the spring.When lilies bloom already, it is only beginning to spread over the water leaves his round.Each lotus flower blooms only two days.
So the lotus - not for our climate, and lilies in central Russia feel well.They also called Nymphaeum and water lilies.
S.Ch.Tell me, please, what sort of water lilies can hibernate in open water?
A.M.All lilies are divided into two main groups: tropical and hardy.Recent tolerate our winters.The first conclusion hardy varieties of nymphs began two hundred years ago, the Frenchman Joseph Marliak.He crossed hardy native species of tropical, yielding varieties with different color and shape of flowers.His grades are still used for landscaping ponds, in the name of these varieties contain the word Marliacea.
type of nymphs that grow in the wild, we have six kinds can be grown: N. alba, N. Candida, N. tetragona, N. odorata, N. mexicana and N. tuberosa.The last three types of water lilies is the US.
S.Ch.What should be the depth of the pond for breeding nymphs, and how they should prepare for the winter?
A.M.In our area of 70-80% of the area of the reservoir should be no deeper than 60 cm, and the rest - up to 1 m. It is not necessary to create decorative ponds deeper than one meter, since this depth is enough for wintering tender plants such as the nymphs;On the other hand, the water is warmed up quickly in the spring, which means that the plants will grow faster and bloom sooner.
lilies in containers need to change the depth of three times a year.In early spring, as soon as the ice melts, the containers with Nymphaea set so that the water surface to the surface of the soil was 15-20 cm. After regrowth of leaves and warm-water plants is lowered to a depth of 30-60 cm (depending on the variety).In late autumn should be cut off from water lilies floating on the surface of leaves and buds and drop to a depth of 50 cm, plus the height of the container.
for pads it is important that they are not frozen into the rhizome of the ice, although some wild species can endure that, too.According to long-term observations, in the Moscow region the depth of freezing water bodies do not exceed 45 cm, so the values that we recommend, it is enough.
When planting plants in natural soil freezing depth of the reservoir is also necessary to take into account.Deeper meter plant roots is not recommended, because in this case the plant too long develop and may not even have time to bloom.Of course, lily plant in natural reservoirs is possible only in the case where the level of water therein is fixed.The optimum planting depth we have - 50 cm. For example, I would say that in France, the nymphs can be planted to a depth of 30 cm.
S.Ch.a composition of the soil is needed for planting nymphs?
AMContrary to popular belief, the nymph - gluttons.To shone in full glory, they need a lot of nutrients.In our nursery we plant lilies in containers, where the stock of nutrients, designed for 2-3 years.The technology was developed over the years.In preparing the soil used as mineral and organic fertilizers.Good for this purpose, so-called osmotic fertilizer with prolonged duration of action.It is necessary that the nutrients and soil particles do not elute into water.Therefore, water lilies make up clay soil.Containers for this reason better to take the solid rather than mesh.Thus, the ground pads for the must meet two basic requirements: to be very nutritious and are not washed off with water.
dwarf Nymphaea Helvola
S.Ch.Do we need water lilies feeding?
A.M.When planting in containers the required amount of fertilizer is put in the ground.As I said, this power will be enough for 2-3 years lily.After transplanting the plants need.When planting in the ground in natural water bodies, where established a balanced circulation of matter and energy, water lilies additional fertilizer is required.
S.Ch.What should be for water lilies?
AMIn our nursery we fill the reservoirs ordinary tap water.Water lilies are not very demanding on the quality of water.It is important for aquariums, fish and underwater plants, so-called soft water vegetation.The reservoirs contain much easier than aquariums.In this case it is important is what happens on the water surface, and not in its thickness.Water Garden - a water surface, decorated with water plants.
S.Ch.Do I need to water lilies direct sunlight?
A.M.All the nymphs absolutely light-requiring.This is due to their biology, because in the wild aquatic and marsh plants inhabit open sunny spaces.
S.Ch.What are resistant varieties you recommend to our readers?
A.M.First of all pay attention to the variety, the time-tested.In our nursery, we grow a hundred different varieties of hardy nymphs, each of which is tested for years.
S.Ch.some water lilies are among the most expensive, and what is the explanation?
A.M.Of course, among the varieties of water lilies there are rare, difficult to grow, but very beautiful.These lilies are more expensive than others.For example, the new selection of «Black Princess» - gorgeous in appearance and survival.The most expensive to date - lilies of the new group "Sunset".These grades are combined in a single flower yellow and red tones.Although these nymphs in protracted winters are subject to root rot, they are so beautiful, unusual and rare that it can cost more than others.
S.Ch.Do pads pests and how to deal with them?
A.M.Of course, like all plants, water lilies may be affected by pests.They are threatened and gnawing and sucking insects that hit the top of the leaves.The methods of struggle are the same as on the garden plants: the leaves sprayed with insecticides.If you live in the pond of fish, insects, you just have to wash by hand or collect, as cold-blooded animals are susceptible to insecticides.
S.Ch.How to get along in a pond nymphs and fish?
A.M.In natural bodies of water where aquatic plants are planted in the ground, the presence of fish they did not interfere.Another thing, if the plants are planted in containers.The difficulty is that most of the fish, which are bred for ornamental ponds (Japanese koi, goldfish, sturgeon) are bentosofagami.This means that they feed on organisms living in the top layer of soil.Fish is gaining ground in the mouth soil, eliminates food and dirt spits.Thus, the fish "eat away" the ground, exposing the roots of container plants and polluting the water.To prevent this, the containers are placed on top of the ground stones.And the larger the fish, the greater should be stones.Sometimes the landing zone distinguished from the fish net, but it does not look too good.
S.Ch.Is it possible to combine in a pond fountain (waterfall) and nymphs?
A.M.The movement of water in the lake is allowed, but the flux should not move nymphs floating leaves, so they do not cover each other.You also can not be allowed to enter the water droplets on the leaves.In lilies, unlike other plants stomata located on the top side of the sheet.Therefore, on top of the wet sheet can not breathe.In addition, the droplet on the surface of the sheet are activated, the lenses may cause sunburn.
S.Ch.Alexander, that you would like to wish the readers of "The Garden of the garden" in conclusion?
A.M.I would like to emphasize that, contrary to popular belief, arrange and maintain a garden pond is not too difficult - not harder than other elements of the garden.And the range of aquatic plants that can be grown in our climate, too, is quite wide.So do not deny yourself the pleasure to enjoy in your garden pond Nymphaea?
Interview with Alexander Marchenko held Svetlana Chizhov