One of thousands.

By Admin | Landscape
23 May 2016

Or at least what size - high, low, petite?And for what purpose - uvit gazebo to sit on the front flower bed, make a low border or create a green fence? ..

And that's not all questions that need to be answered before you decide to have in the garden of roses.But one of the most important - how much time you're willing to deal with them and whether you have the ability to go to the country in late autumn, cover them in stages for the winter, and in the case of an early spring thaw and disclose - airing.From this, too, it depends on the choice of varieties.

And there are plenty to choose - at the moment there are more than 30,000 varieties of roses.Therefore, when buying their first seedlings, probably enough to rely on intuition to their idea of ​​the perfect rose.But by grade only by the beauty of a flower, we should immediately know to which group he belongs garden.On this will depend very much: a place where it can be put, the duration of flowering and, most importantly, care.For example, for a g

roup of Shrub need a fair crop, but for floribunda and hybrid tea roses - strong.

better buy seedlings in nurseries or specialized shops where you will be given all the information about the selected grade.In addition, each company has its own selling commercial catalog, Web site, which shows the varieties, their characteristics and prices.However, in the catalogs, advertising grades do not always indicate their shortcomings.And not always new varieties have advantages over existing, past years trials.So start rosarian not get involved innovations.And when choosing varieties can be guided by international awards.

example, in Germany rose an award-winning ADR, are resistant to different growing conditions and winter-hardy, they have great healthy leaves, they bloom profusely.The gardens are scattered throughout the country, independent experts are testing varieties without using chemical means of protection and shelter for the winter, based only on natural qualities and natural beauty of roses.For 50 years (1950 to 2001) tests were carried out more than 1,500 varieties, and quality certificate received only 121 grade.ADR Certificate can be selected, if the grade eventually ceases to comply with the standards.

Park rose

most ornamental species of wild rose hips, and their hybrids and garden forms constitute a group of old garden (park) roses.They are well adapted to the harsh conditions of the middle band, winter-hardy, they do not need to cover for the winter.Shelter needed only to those species that are more southern roots: bourbon, Chinese, tea.

These roses bloom before all (at the end of May - beginning of June) and bloom profusely for 15-35 days but usually once.Their fragrance garden attracts bees and bumble.Shrubs reach a height of 1-3 m, densely leafy, they do not require complex care, unpretentious.Distinguished by the beauty and variety of flowers and do not require annual pruning.Of these, you can create hedges, decorative edge, arrays, groups, individual shrubs grow.

Hybrid Tea Roses

Hybrid Tea Party today is the largest and most common.

All varieties of this group necessarily harbor for the winter.Bushes more dense, leathery leaves less susceptible to diseases.

hybrid tea roses are very decorative.They are spectacular in group plantings, good for cutting.The size of the bush is not very large: to achieve a decorative effect, on 1 sq.m open ground planted from 5 to 8 hives.

Rose floribunda

Year by year, floribunda roses are becoming increasingly popular.They are very diverse.Yielding Hybrid Tea largest, beauty and fragrance of a flower, they surpass them in abundant almost continuous flowering, and hardiness.In large arrays of flower Roses occupy a leading place.They draw up borders, as well as use for cutting and for forcing indoors ('Gerbruder Greem', 'Sangerhauser Jubilaumrose1).

modern garden roses

To modern park roses are groups: Cordes rose hybrids, hybrids tetracorals roses, hybrid musk roses, hybrid roses moyezi and Shrub.Sometimes these groups are collectively called Shrub (from the English. Shrub - «bush").

Group Shrub been allocated recently.It includes all grades which can not be included in the group of other garden.They have characteristics that distinguish them from other groups.

- Flowers have unconventional - from nemahrovyh to form hybrid tea and floribunda roses group.Various coloration.

- Flowering abundant, long (from June until autumn), repeated.But there are varieties of a single bloom (Frits Nobis).

- Aroma: among fragrant roses Shrub greater than that of Hybrid Tea.

- Volume: many varieties of dissipated power and strength of growth (reach 2 m).Bushes some varieties are so elegant that the branches require a small support.

- Resistance to diseases and high winter hardiness.

- Unpretentiousness - a novice gardener can easily grow Shrub.

- Ability to use in single crop, or in groups (3-5 hives).

landing in small groups gives the effect of a large bowl of roses blooming.Effectively it looks and a single bush on a lawn.If you like volume rose bushes, you will certainly be interested in the variety 'Caramella', 'Dornroschen', 'Graham Thomas', 'Pink Robusta', 'Robusta', 'Rokoko', 'Sahara', 'Weisse Wolke', 'Westerland'.

Miniature roses

All these roses tiny and harmoniously.They bloom until the frost, heavy and long lasting.It is easy to adapt to different climatic conditions.Propagate by cuttings and grafting.Well spend the winter under a light cover.In 1Q.m planted 6 to 12 hives.It successfully works with miniature roses German company "Kordes» (Kordes).It offers varieties like 'Amulett', 'Bonny', 'Daniela', 'LittleLemmy', 'Maidy', 'Mandarin', 'Orange Juwel', 'Sonnenkind', 'Zwerkonig and others.

Climbing roses

These roses are divided into two groups: large-and melkotsvetkovye.

By melkotsvetkovym include so-called curly long, flexible, creeping or climbing stems (lashes), requiring support.They bloom only once, but continuously over the entire length of overwintered shoots.Therefore, annual shoots are not pruned in the winter.They are good for light dry winter shelter.Well multiply cuttings.Climbing roses are used in vertical gardening in shtambovoy culture.Popular varieties: 'Amethyste', 'Dorothy Dennison,' Dorothy Perkins ',' Excelsa ',' Fragezeichen ',' Ghislaine de Feligonde ',' Lyon Rambler ',' Vltava ',' White Flight ',' Super Excelsa ','Super Dorothy '.

have large-rose flowers more than 4 cm in diameter, collected in small florets.Some of them resemble hybrid tea.Most varieties bloom again, and the flowers bloom on new growth this year.That is, the flowering will be, even if the plant obmerznet.Large-roses have strong growth (up to 2 meters or more) and abundant and long blooming.Most varieties are very winter-hardy and resistant to disease.It 'Antike-89', 'Compassion', 'Handel', 'Heidelberg,' Lawinia, 'Morgensonne', 'Ramira,' Rimosa, 'Rosanna,' Rosarium Uetersen ',' Santana, 'Shogun,' Swan Lake '.Ha 1 square.m planted between 1 W bushes.They can be planted in small groups, and a single planting.Spreading varieties require support and pryamoroslym thick shoots with strong support is optional.

Ground cover Shrub

Ground cover roses create flower carpets, distinguished by the abundance and continuous flowering and disease resistance, ruggedness, hardiness, they have all the positive qualities inherent Shrub.None of the garden there is a group of many varieties that are certified to ADR.Before planting a flower, you must figure out what size it will reach when will grow.

Ground cover roses are divided into 4 groups:

- low creeping (height 30-45 cm, width up to 150 cm;

- creeping higher (45 cm, 150 cm);

- small drooping (90 cm to150 cm);

- large drooping (100 cm, 150 cm).

Ground cover roses, which along with the login form, and creeping shrub with fairly high arched shoots can be used anywhere in the garden. Their main task - to cover the earthdensely leafy shoots that grow horizontally, with abundant buds. They can be planted in the flower beds, rocky areas, they decorate the slopes and cover manholes. It can be grown in containers - on balconies and terraces open and use to create cascading trunks. Many ground cover roses smell wonderful.

Home when growing groundcover roses - comply with the required distance between the bushes, the plants do not interfere with each other.

Varieties of this group are particularly resistant to disease and do not require much care.'Aspirin Rose', 'Bassino', 'Bonica', 'Cherry Meillandecor', 'Fair Play', 'Fleureutte', 'Gartnerfreude', 'LavenderDream', 'Lovely Fair', 'Magic Meidiland', 'Mainaufeuer', 'Medeo ',' Rosy Carpet ',' Royal Bassino ',' Pink Meidilland ',' Red Blanket ',' Red Haze ',' Rody ',' Satina ',' Sea Foam ',' Sommerwind ',' Swany ','The Fairy ', "Weisse Max Graf,' Yellow Fleureutte '.

the Russian market

so-called English Roses, which belong to the group Shrub, bred by David Austin originator (David Austin) in the last quarter of the XXin. They have a very fragrant flowers of various colors and shapes Peony- that look nostalgically old-fashioned. Shrubs compact, re-flowering. It is resistant to disease. The most popular varieties of this group - Abraham Darby ',' Benjamin Britten ',' Charlotte ',' Glamis Castle',' Graham Thomas', 'James Galway'. These roses need shelter for the winter.

roses from the French firm Meilland Romantica series breathes old world charm.They are stable, give plenty of re-bloom, are varied shades and pleated petals.Most varieties in this series related to hybrid tea roses (Andre Le Notre ',' Honore de Balzac ',' Traviata ') and a group of floribunda (' Leonardo de Vinci ').Roses Farniente series of the same company unpretentious, characterized by resistance to weather conditions and winter hardiness, bloom profusely.Among them are Shrub ('Collette', 'YellowRomantika', 'Lovely Meilland').

For 15 years, the selection branch of the German company Kordes (exclusive representative in Russia - "Demeter") the breeding of strong and disease-resistant varieties of roses with high flowering.In a series of Rigo Rosen selected the best of the best.Six of them belong to the group floribunda (Aprikola ',' Bad Birnbach ',' Fortuna '(2),' Maxi Vita ',' Neon ',' Rotilia), two- kpochvopokrov nym Shrub ('Diamant', 'Gartenfreude1).Fairy Rose made a series of Marchen Rosen.Grades' BremerStadtmusikanten ',' Caramella (4), 'Cinderella'- Shrub, a' Gebruder Grimm ',' Home & amp;Garten ',' Lions-Rose ',' Sangerhauser Jubilaumsrose 'are a group of floribunda.Two of them, 'Gebruder Grimm'i' Lions-Rose '(3), received awards ADR.

Roses Canadian Series Explorer 'Roses (' Charles Albanel ',' David Thompson ',' Henry Hudson ',' Jens Munk ',' Martin Frobicher ') and a series of Parkland' Roses (Adelaide Hoodless ',' Morden Blush ','Morden Centennial ',' Morda Ruby ',' Winnipeg Parks') differ primarily by high winter hardiness.With enough snow cover, these roses can withstand very low winter temperature to -35-40 ° C.

Recently the Russian market hit new varieties of French company Delbard.They are broken down into a series devoted to the great impressionist painter {'ClaudeMonet', 'HenriMatisse' (1), 'Grinaldi', 'Camille Pissaro'), great colors ('Imperatrice Farah', 'Chateau de Versailles', Atlas ','La Passionata '), smells great (' Jardins de Villandry ', Dioressence', Mitsouko '), the memory of love (' Juliette Greco ',' Madame Figaro ',' Madame Bavary ') and a great cook (' Olivier Roellinger ',' MichelBras ',' Pierre Gagnaire`).


When caring for roses is very convenient to use complex mineral fertilizer for roses POKON.It is a balanced fertilizer contains all the necessary elements to plants and magnesium oxide for the health of the leaves.Its use ensures a good survival rate of plants accelerates flowering.

Love Bumbeeva, curator of roses GBS RAS