But sometimes these surprises can be very unpleasant.In any ecosystem, even a very small, has its own laws.Forgetting about them, prepare for disappointment, sometimes very unpleasant.Run in the fish pond, you can except blisters and turbidity do not see, and then the wrong wintering in early spring to discover that your pond has become completely uninhabitable - and have to start all over again.To avoid this, seriously consider choosing fish and decent conditions for their pond life.
determine the size and shape of the future of the pond, consider not only the characteristics of its land, but also the possibility of their own: in the habitable pond should be mainta
Pond should be extensive and diverse - with bays, shoals, a whirlpool ... This diversity allows the pond to settle a variety of fish and plants.The best option - a system of several reservoirs connected by shallow channels or waterfalls with a total circulation of water (from the lower to the upper reservoir of its pumps pump).A good solution would be one and a large pond with islands, where water circulation is ensured by several pumps installed along the perimeter of the pond.
Note that for the monitoring of the fish is very convenient to use a special "observation tower" (for example, the balcony of the house), as well as various bridges.
is known to all: the fish is looking for deeper, people - where better.What about the fish itself?Is it always the concept of "deep" and "better" equal to her?Those who believe that, yes, sadly mistaken.
First, at a depth of more than half the fish is virtually invisible to the "observers from the top", so you risk to become the owner of the pond apparently uninhabited.Secondly, the spring and summer deep reservoirs badly warmed that slows the reproduction of microorganisms - natural food fish.
Even in the cold season, a large (3 m) depth is not the only prerequisite for a successful and wintering.For it is sufficient reservoir area of 20-30 square meters.m-freezing zone area 6-8 sq.m and a depth of 80 cm. The main thing for fish, as for us, - the ability to breathe.
1. White Amur
4. Mirror Carp Goldfish
A by itself does not provide the depth of oxygen saturation: beneathice it reserves quickly dry out.No matter how much fish will fight on the ice, to air it, the poor do not get.Will only special equipment.
Hibernate, so with fanfare!
for successful wintering pond fish should be equipped with an electric water pump, located at the bottom of a deep place.This pump has a vertical pipe the drainage, not reaching the surface at 20-30 cm. Through this tube runs from the bottom of the stream of warmed water and eroding ice.At this point, freezing ravine formed with slightly boiling water, which contributes to its enrichment with oxygen.Do not chase high-power pump, especially if your pond is small.Polynya may become so big that the water cools down around the pond is full of ice porridge and, as a consequence, chilled to the bottom.Experience shows that in extreme cold kept the window with clean water for the ponds area of 8 m and a depth of 80 cm and more than enough water pump capacity of 2.3 cubic meters.meters per hour.
Well, if you take care to equip the body of water and a small air compressor.Its pipes and sprayers better positioned near the warm jets from the pump - not frozen.
Remember that any electrical equipment needs to control, maintain and repair.If you can not regularly watch the body of water and aggregates, better give up the fish pond in the winter.
not rush to settle in the new pond fish: fresh water can become a real poison for some of them.To begin, place the plants there, and only after a week of fish run.
Be prepared for the fact that a fair number of fish die in the first few days - because of the abrupt change in water quality.On markets and pet stores fish comes mainly from China and Singapore, as well as Russian ryborazvoden at various industrial plants.
Who will live in the pond - a matter of taste.Fish fish alike.Some are beautiful, others are useful, others are tasty.We get to know them better.
Koi (Japanese carp).They are decorative and carp - the most popular inhabitants of the garden pond.Beautiful, slow, do not spend their lives away from the water's surface, do not hesitate to show the people the most intimate details of her (spawning).However, if you run a large koi pond, they deprive you of the joys of contemplation.There, in the vast "pastures" carp grow rapidly and will misbehave: Rising from the bottom dregs, damaging aquatic plants and lead secretive lives.In summer, it is better to keep in small, shallow waters with a constant filtration of water, and in winter - to transfer into the deeper ponds or aquariums with special conditions.Ideal permanent habitation koi (and most ornamental fish) - pools in the winter gardens, with fountains and waterfalls.
Decorative carp species (goldfish shubunkiny, comets, etc.) - The most suitable for the inhabitants of small reservoirs.They nepuglivy, kept a flock of beautiful, quickly get used to people.
Choosing fish, notice the tail.The shorter it is, the more likely that it will take the winter in the pond.Winners bifurcated and fantail have resettled in small containers or aquariums with blowing air and water temperature + 3-5 ° C.But these beauties can all winter without food.
carp and grass carp - «orderlies pond."They are usually recommended to breed in heavily overgrown pond.Specialty carp - plants with delicate herbs and grass carp is able to destroy almost everything - from nymphs to mace.One is bad: a chance to observe the life "nurses" have almost none.Only occasionally they will mark its presence with single splashes on the water surface.
Sturgeon fish .Sturgeon, sturgeon and their hybrids are becoming more widespread thanks to artificial breeding.They may live in garden ponds.If you are interested in their aesthetic values (odd body shape, graceful movements), settled sturgeon in shallow waters with small otmutkami.If gastronomy - run them big.In filamentous algae and animal feed, they grow very quickly.
Pike - fish for true connoisseurs.Secretive, unpredictable, impetuous, she will present patient observer scenes of hunting for small fish and spawning in early spring.With the introduction of this predator enlivened the whole life of the pond: fish leave the rest of their secret refuge, are beginning to move and prefer to stay open.If you - an avid fisherman, you will not need to wrestle with what to do with fallen for small fish: pike ready to receive food always.
Perch - also not the most traditional inhabitant of garden ponds.And it's not fair.A flock of small striped perch 7-10 looks very impressive.Never mind that they prefer to stay near the large rocks or driftwood - in your power to accommodate these asylum in a convenient location for observation.They feed on perch larvae, worms, crustaceans.You want hard circuses?Start small fish in the pond, verhoplavok - and watch the group hunting perches.
Verhoplavki have the right to exist not only in the form of food.They are always kept in large flocks on the surface of the water, enjoy a true dance around thrown into the water and a crust of bread very cleverly catch mosquitoes, eating at the same time and their larvae.In this - the main advantage of inconspicuous tiny fishes.
Bulls Rota - fish purely utilitarian.They methodically clean your pond of all superfluous - including the same mosquito larvae.Running these Crookshanks in the water, you will never see them, but save yourself a lot of problems.Vmerznuv ice, rattan come to life in the spring, and in addition give offspring.Do not worry, that they would be too much: gobies themselves eat almost all fry.C'est La vie.
carp, carp, line and other local fish thrive in garden ponds.Just keep them here - if it is not about the industrial breeding - there's no point: the fish is always kept at a depth constantly muddy water (literally) and damage plant roots in search of food.