After the bustling week in the city, so wants to be in seclusion, surrounded by something natural, durable, emitting smells of nature.And what could be better than being in a country house made of natural materials?
According Consultant "Home and cottage» Hermes-sz, you can argue about which of the houses - built from logs or felled by hand - better.This is - a matter of taste.Any competently constructed buildings made of solid wood - is this good.
So, log - a chopped wood structure, built without a floor and roof of the processed logs.A row of four logs interconnected notching, called the crown.Deck house or a bath involves three steps: cutting corners, slots and shkantovku logs.
With the right technology of carcass cuttings must withstand the load transmitted to them.However, their adjoining elements fit snugly together.With the construction of exterior walls of a log house is necessary to consider that in the cuttings must not stagnate water.
For centuries wooden architecture developed and
Subspecies angular cuttings
notching with the remainder
Deck angles « in a bowl », or « in oblo » (obly - formerly meant "round") - one of the oldest timber connections.Its advantage is the stability: the side of the timber to protect the angle of log from the wind and rain.
Log cabin "in the cup" can be made in three variants.First - « vpoldereva »: a bowl and a longitudinal groove cut down one side of the log, the latter upwards.In two other cases, a groove along the log is directed downwards and is cut on the side opposite the cup.Logs are connected by a left in the bowl zaovalennymi crest, repeating the shape of the longitudinal groove of the cross beam.The third option - « in rump »: in the bowl is left an additional projection which is directed along.In the log, which is placed on the cup bottom is a corresponding recess.
notching "vpoldereva" - the most simple, does not require numerous kantovok logs and staples for their temporary fix.Later subspecies notching the lower longitudinal groove arrangement requires removal of the logs for the undercut longitudinal groove and fitting the logs together.
difference felling « in coir », or « in ohlupen » («ohlupen" - anything closure hollowed logs) from the log "in Oblomov" is that the downward bowl is at the top,log rolls, which like "kills the" bottom.This compound, though difficult but successful: no moisture gets into the cup, which ensures the safety of long logs.
notching « in ohryap » (« in ohryapku ») is like a log cabin "in a paw", only the top and bottom of the timber, about a quarter of the diameter, make straight notches.Blockhouse « to hook » is considered to be the most durable and warm connection logs.It is complicated version of felling "in oblo" when one half of the lower bowl is selected beam, and the other - in the top.Also it made a radical thorn obteska and internal walls.This technology requires high skill carpenter.In the old house so cut rich people, nowadays this type of cutting is popular due to the fact that the inner surface of the wall is obtained smooth.
Felling without a trace
Blockhouse « in post » (« in Zabir ») made of logs along with selected slots in which other beams are inserted horizontally.At the ends of the logs are cut spikes corresponding groove.
Blockhouse « paw » is obtained when the logs saw off the protruding ends of the wall, forming a corner without a trace.The ends of the logs at the junction in the wooden house podtesyvayutsya on both sides, usually ends sutured patch boards to protect against the weather.Cutting "in clean coal" do one of the following: 1. The ends of the logs protesyvayutsya parallel top and bottom removed a quarter of the log.2. The horizontal plane made with a slope in two directions, in the form of "dovetail": timber is firmly engaged with the adjacent, that does not allow him to wriggle out.Such cutting, due to insufficient insulation, are mainly used for hozpostroek.
For a more reliable connection used cutting « in suppressing paw »: on top of the plane make a small spike, placing it at the inner corner of the log on the bottom - the corresponding slot."Paw" is made in the form of the box, but the spike performs the same function as the thwarted when cutting the corner "in the bowl."
For all types of angular cuttings walls of logs maximum dimensions of the gaps should not be more than 0.5 cm - "in Oblomov" and "paw" and 1.5 cm - in the longitudinal groove.
Construction of wooden houses - traditional Russian craft, causes the richness and diversity of the building material - softwood and hardwood.In the Russian version of the frame going round logs with a semicircular longitudinal girth groove and corner joints "in Oblomov" - they could be at the top or bottom of the timber.Improved version was vrubka "in rump" or "in a bowl of darkness."More details about the cabin "in the cup" can be read here.
Disadvantages Russian logging: logs dry out unevenly along and across the grain, after shrinking tightly sit in the wooden house.By reducing the diameter of the beam shape of the connecting bowls of change - they open, from becoming a semicircular - oval.Therefore, usually Russian log house needs re-caulking.Another disadvantage is that unprotected insulation extending beyond the groove and bowls, absorbs moisture, which falls within the joints and leads to rotting wood.
This shortage is deprived Finnish blockhouse : cabin similar to Russian, but mezhventsovogo slot repeats the outline of the bottom of the log is not completely as in the wooden house in Russian.It is made with a smaller radius or zaovalen - to top the log rests on the lower edges only.
Swedish log cabin today is almost never used.Hermes-sz believes that this time-consuming and not very good view of cutting.Girth groove do as the Finnish blockhouse, trim the ends of the logs in the form of a hexagon, a cup - trapezoid.In Russia, the so-cut when it was necessary to make beautiful corners.
Norwegian Castle, or the house of the mast
Flitches obtained by removing the side surfaces of the timber, removing the bark from the semi-circular surfaces and all ostrugivaya manually.The thickness of such a timber is usually 15-20-25 cm. Lafet made of thick pine logs, the minimum diameter of the upper cutting a half times greater than the thickness of the mast.Scandinavian style involves internal partitions and front of the house of the mast, as well as powerful slegovuyu roof, covered with natural tile or a layer of soil with grass.Log cabin from the mast to make the so-calledNorwegian Castle.
Norwegian castle differs from the Russian cup shape: a bowl - round, the castle - with a wedge-shaped profile.Norwegian lock allows the beam at the desiccation of wood in the wooden house and sink under its own weight log wedged in notching.
The Scandinavian wooden house through the use of large-diameter logs is considerably less than the crown grooves, which can lead to dangerous from the standpoint of blowing and freezing places.It should be noted that the carriage "bursting" is stronger than round logs, but the locals believe that the cracks only adorn the walls of the house, emphasizing the natural material.
This logging uses a lock on the Norwegian round log: cuttings in places downhill perform protesku wedge on top of the log.Walls look solid array, there are no gaps between the logs, the cup - a trapezoidal shape, the insulation in the seams virtually invisible due to the shape of the crown groove, the edges of which fit snugly to the bottom of the log.That water does not enter the heater, it immediately undercut.
Canadian and Finnish logging does not require re-caulking.
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