Now life moves faster, so such a long time to build a house, as a rule, is not given.Of course, right now it is turned in the construction techniques that allow for the shrinkage of the house and do not wait for the time when the house has dried itself.Thus, we explain operations which must be considered shrinkage.
well known that the wooden houses are a shrink structure.This means, that the house during its construction and during the initial period after switching on the heater in the house changes its geometrical dimensions, elevations, i.e."I sit."Previously, Russia cut at home first, then houses were left to dry under the eaves, the drying process took at least one year, and then a dry log house built.
1. Production of wooden structure in the workplace.
1.1.Any wooden house is made on the project.The documentation must contain, among other dimensions elevations, and they should be double: the project, ie,Those who should get a result, and so-calledconstruction, ie,those elevations, to be follo
1.2.Each frame has a connection logs in the cups.The most common and the most reliable method of joining the so-called logs"In oblo" or releases.To allow for shrinkage of the logs must be in the joints of the logs in the petri perform special notches, then log-in shrinkage and shrinkage in the joints of timber into the cup smoothly "sit", and do not lose the connection density.If notches to do, then, after drying logs in cups will slit and these places have caulk that is not aesthetically pleasing and protects from blowing off.
2. Installation of the house on the foundation.
2.1.Roof and ceiling.Watching the construction of wooden houses in the suburbs, at times it seems that the roof and ceiling of the second floor of a wooden house in half of the cases do not fundamentally correct.As a result of the wrong done by the roof or ceiling, two years after the start of operation of the house walls begin to divide the logs between logs appear large gaps.Unfortunately, this situation can be corrected only by alteration of the roof or ceiling, which leads to higher costs.How to mount the roof and ceilings hemming?
The most important thing to take into account that the rafters are installed on the building should be able to move (slide) the logs along with shrinkage of the house.The same opportunity should have a ceiling covering (paneling or other materials), which is attached to the bottom of the rafters inside the house.As provided in the design of sliding?First of all we must remember that chopped wooden house often has chopped the pediments (gable frame less, then there is no problem).If chopped gables, for sliding roof structure is very important to design a simple, ie,gable roof, avoid endovnyh elements and nakosnyh feet.The fact that the presence of valleys roof creates certain design triangles that are rigid unchangeable system, and generally all roof construction becomes slidable.
Thus, the rules are simple.If the wooden building is expected the second floor of the same material as the first floor, ieof logs, while the roof should be gable, rafters must be installed on the sliding mount.If the second floor frame, the roof can be of any design, it is not necessary to slide.If the roof is mounted in view of its slide, the paneling on the ceiling of the second floor should also be able to slip, it can not be fastened tightly.
2.2.Window and door openings.
necessary to leave a gap in the openings of windows or doors because the frame of the house will "sit down" and left a gap, over time, will decrease.It should be remembered that the upper shrink the gap to be closed with a material against blowing that good shrinks.A common mistake is "konopatka" upper gap hemp or flax, jute fibers, which do not compress well and log cabin loses the ability to "sit down" at this location.The result is a blockage of doors or windows, they stop the opening-closing.
2.3.Installing the supporting pillars.
poles should be installed in such a way that between the pillar and the supporting structure (log) located jack, which adjustment device.The length of the jack must be greater than the length of the column multiplied by seven to eight percent.