flooring used linoleum, tiles, boards, flooring and other materials.
Depending on the type of attic floors (stacking blocks or iron concrete slab) satisfied with the flooring in the attic.To fit any floor lofts flooring, including carpeting and tile of PVC
begin work on the same device;coatings need to prepare the grounds for the coating, ie. a. If the repair base is a wooden floor in the first place should drown (score) all protruding nails, screws tighten and drown.Speakers head screws or nails can quickly push the cover and cause small cracks or holes.Cracks between the floorboards should be putty, ie large gaps between the boards are glued!layout glue or wooden slats.Slit to 3 mm in the boards can be left they do not substantially affect the coating.
If cracks on the floor a lot, it is impractical to close up their racks, better put on the floor slab of chipboard or hardboard.Plates
Concrete floors must be washed with soap and water to remove loosely holding a tie.
Preparation of the base under the cover of the device roll materials or synthetic tiles are considering recommendations for surface preparation, based on the type of material.
If the base does not prepare dry mixes, and cement mortar (troughs) of more than 5 mm, to increase the adhesion of the solution to produce a primer floor with white glue.Thereafter, the cement is applied to the surface and smoothed.The solution was allowed to stand for 12 hours and then proceed to laying of the coating.
in rooms with controlled heat absorption index of the floor (living rooms, hospital wards, etc.) For semi-solid paste coating MDF boards, laid on a cement-sand screed.
Humidity concrete and mortar should not exceed 5%, and fiberboards - 12%, room temperature is - 15 ° C.
chipboard glued with hot bitumen mastic extensibility with a gap between the edges of 3-5 mm, the priming solution of bitumen in petrol (1: 3) or kerosene (1: 2).
gaps between fiberboard cleaned and sealed filler consisting of polyvinyl acetate dispersion and cement.Ledges between adjacent plates prostrugivayut.
If you choose linoleum flooring, it is necessary to consider that the binder material is used for the three types of linoleum;rubber, alkyd and polyvinyl chloride.
bulk of the rubber produced linoleum without an underlying cause for teplozvukoizoliruyuschey subbase.Alkyd linoleum manufactured only promaznym way and only fabric underlying cause.
Polyvinylchloride linoleum produced in the form of thin films without an underlying cause in two ways: extrusion and Roller-kolandovym.Such linoleum are single and multi-layered.
Arrangement of floors of linoleum
Arrangement of floors of linoleum on the underlying basis teplozvukoizoliruyuschey, relin and PVC tiles consists of the following operations:
- cleaning base;
- sticker fiberboard and sealing gaps between them;
- an excerpt of the coating material in a warm room;
- Unrolling (for roll materials), and maturing and free;
- sticker material coating Cutting along the contour of the room;
- Cutting and pasting the edges of the joints (for roll materials);
- installing baseboards.
There are two basic design scheme for floors coated with linoleum on the underlying basis teplozvukoizoliruyuschey: for hollow panels and solid panels intermediate floors with a minimum thickness of 140 mm (Fig. 1).By hollow flooring panels so satisfied:
1) of rendered monolithic joints between the panels arrange sand backfill thickness of about 40 mm;
2) perform filling cement-sand screed;
3) screed glued linoleum or PVC tiles relin on mastic or adhesive.
If the overlap flat (differences between the panels up to 12 mm), the sand backfill not doing enough to provide insulation leveling screed thickness of 40-50 mm from a cement-sand mortar.
Linoleum on the underlying basis teplozvukoizoliruyuschey lay carpet in the form of welded, welded to the room.
Fig.1. The structural scheme of the device of floors from linoleum, PVC tiles and relin:
and - for hollow-core slab flooring;b - on a solid concrete slab 1 - linoleum or PVC tiles relin on glue or mastic, 2 - leveling, polymer-layer 3 - cement-sand screed, 4 - soundproof filling 5 - hollow core slab flooring, 6 - semi-solid fibreboardbulk density of 800-850 kg / m3 on the hot asphalt, 7 - carpet of welded joints in linoleum on the felt subbase, 8 - solid reinforced concrete slab 140 mm thick
welding linoleum carpets carried out as follows:
1) Preparecloth welding.Take a complete rest cloth and transferred to a table for welding, put them overlap with one calling for druroe 2-3 cm;
2) then the cloth prirezajut so stacked metal ruler along the top edge of overlap at a distance of 1-1.5 cm, pressing her left hand, cut with a knife, both the cloth and then clean cut of the overlap (Fig. 2a);
3) prepare semiautomatic rabote- to connect it to the network for 10-15 minutes before the start of welding and install!its working position on a small piece of linoleum, regulates the flow;coolant;
4) welding linoleum carpets perform well: seasoned filerku filler in PVC rod and installing semiautomatic machine at the beginning of the edge panels and heat coming out of the filler on the twig;wheel stitching up vyazkotekuschego state.Uniform motion moved by semi-automatic seam weld (Fig. 2b);
5) installation of metal staples produced on both sides of the seam at a distance of 2.5-3.0 cm from the edge of the carpet.Knife cut holes 0.5-0.7 cm and set clips from a roofing steel (Fig. 3);
6) packing produce carpets, hardwood core perpendicular to the seam welded rolled up carpet to roll, tie with string and attach a tag.
on 100 m2 floor must be 102 m2 of linoleum, 0.5 kg filler sticks, 12 pcs.Staples of steel roofing and 0.2 kg for the binding twine.
When welding linoleum produced on-site installation, the sequence of works such:
1) prirezajut edges overlap.Stack fittings of line along the upper edge of overlap at a distance of 1.0-1.5 cm, pressed her left hand and right knee, cut the cloth at the same time, both the cut and remove part of the overlap (Fig. 4a).Similarly prirezku operate in doorways, niches, cabinets, etc .;
Fig.2. Working with linoleum:
a - Cutting the cloth;b - welding linoleum carpets
2) prepare semi-automatic, to choose circumcision pieces (adjusted) coolant supply;
3) welding of linoleum is made in the same way as already described, since the beginning of the joint.Cooked-to-wall joint, semi-automatic deploying and welded some parts, moving away from the wall;
4) welding torch produce certain places, to fill in the wire rod filerku, take the right hand, and set at the beginning of the joint.Burners that keep the left hand edge of the linoleum and heated welding rod to the viscous state, and rolled down the seam (Fig. 4b).
Fig.3. Installing Staples
Consumption is the same, except
clips and twine.
Lay flooring linoleum brewed in carpets on the room carpets laid on a fully cleaned, adjusted, dust-free and dry underlying layers.Humidity sand-cement screeds must be no more than 5%, reinforced concrete floors - no more than 4%, at a temperature below 15 ° C.
If these conditions are not met, then the underlying cause of moisture can rot, and at a temperature below said linoleum vylezhivaetsya bad and is not adjacent to the base.
If the carpet will get pieces of debris, they Tracings on the cover.
Stack carpet follows:
1) is necessary to make a carpet, rolled-up, and leave horizontally on ulezhki for 1-2 days, depending on the temperature at which it is stored;
2) after exposure to roll on the ground and give ulezhatsya 3-7 days to complete disappearance of the undulations.If he has no waviness, it still must ulezhatsya least two days to stabilize the size;
3) then hold prirezku the contour of the room, from the walls of the width of the carpet skirting should be 10-15 mm, with side doors, niches - 100-200 mm in order to more accurately add on the contour.
slaughtered special scissors to between the edge of the carpet and the wall, partition was a space of about 5 mm for free resizing carpet at raskalivanii and temperature fluctuations.
Figure 4.Working with linoleum on the ground: and - prirezanie edge overlap;b - welding
When docking carpets prirezajut them by putting a lap on the line, and then lift the edge of the panels, the base coat with glue and re-laid carpet, clutching the edge of the adhesive to the underlying cause.The extruded adhesive zaarmiruetsya joint, and the water will not fall, remove excess glue with a damp and then a dry cloth.
plinth should touch cover, but do not press it, they are fixed to the walls.
joints must be located in the direction of the length of the light.
a) adhesive and mastic asphalt
When laying linoleum gaps and ledges between adjacent edges of the rolls are not allowed.The size of the lumens while checking the surface of the rack 2 m in length should not exceed
- from screeds and wooden decking under the linoleum 3 mm in linoleum - 1 mm;
- layer thickness on mastic - 1 mm.
sequence of works on such coverage:
1) cleaning the grounds from dust;
2) priming (if required);
3) reeling roll, marking and cutting of panels of linoleum hand;
4) fit and label panels to the protruding part of the premises;
5) preparation of glue and adhesive mastic.
B) on cold mastics
mastic put on the base and leveled with a notched trowel.For a snug fit linoleum to the ground and remove the air, new cloth rolled manual roller.In the field of linoleum sheet inlet are both removed, and the edges glued to the base.
Linoleum all kinds of paste, as a rule, the entire area of the cloth.The purpose of the continuous bonding - to give the floor covering in the event of rupture or puncture completely water and avoid swelling linoleum.
sticking to apply cold mastic: acetone or UPG.
sequence of work is the same as when laying linoleum on the glue and bitumen mastics.
device made of relin
There are two ways to label panels.One of them mature cloth prirezajut as the contour of the room, and in the joints, cpazu to stickers.
then slaughtered cloth carried out of the premises and the base coat with the adhesive with a notched trowel.
If the ground is too dry or porous and absorbs strongly adhesive coat with glue it 2 times in 6:00 4-1.The thickness of the adhesive layer on the basis of 0.5 mm.
15-20 minutes prior to the backside of the label adhesive cloth coat with a layer of 0.2-0.3 mm.
When the adhesive layer is dry enough on the basis of, or be smeared with strong pressure, making the cloth and placed in the room!as in Cutting.Placed exactly on the spot, since the adhesive layer they can not be shifted.The following panel is laid without a gap.After the cloth is rolled stickers foot rink.
The second way is that the glued cloth and prirezku perform later in the joints.
at the interface on the basis of stacked plywood, fiberboard or plastic strip of fabric width of 100-150 mm.Then they make cloth and put on the glue in place.Adhered to the substrate over the entire area except the edges.Then stacked overlapping sheets prirezajut ruler, remove from the edges laid strip edges and the base coat with a seam adhesive and pressed firmly to the ground.The joint is rolled hand or foot rink.
can not lay a strip if the base does not smear when gluing linoleum on 100-180 mm.
sequence of works by coating the floors relin:
1) cleaning the surface of the base of the dust;
2) primer base;
3) reeling rolls marking and cutting relin hand;
4) Moving relinovyh panels to fit them to the protruding part of the premises;
5) sticking to the asphalt mastic relin Cutting with a cloth to another;
6) gluing the seams;
7) cleaning the surface of the bitumen relin.
Polyvinylchloride linoleum on the basis of tissue may stick to non-modern adhesives or adhesive mixtures and mastics.The surface is cleaned of dust and soil.Mastic is applied with a notched trowel layer 0.3 mm and kept part of 30-40 mm to excess solvent evaporated.Then glued tiles and mature thoroughly pressed against them by means of a foot roller over the entire area of the laid linoleum or tile (Fig. 5).
Fig.5. Rolling foot roller
Flooring PVC tiles perform a drawing provided by the project.The work begins with the definition and application to the prepared surface of the longitudinal and transverse axes of the room.The pocket (dry) are laid two mutually perpendicular series so that their edges adjoined to the axes space (Fig. 6).If the integer is not placed of rings along the length and width of the room, the axis is displaced so as to be able to cut tiles with only one hand at one of two opposite walls.The tiles are cut with scissors or a sharp knife on a steel ruler.
Fig.6. Unfolding tiles
tiles glued starting from the axis of the room, first in one direction and then in a mutually perpendicular.The tiles are pressed to the surface to the base of the entire area of a wooden mallet with a rubber pad (Fig. 7) or a foot roller.The tiles are laid without any gaps between the tiles and the wall of the gap should not exceed 1 cm. The tiles can be laid "seam in seam", "vrazbezhku" and "diagonal".
plinth mounted to the wall on the wooden stoppers established.The tiles are placed "on".Contaminated sites floor wiped with a cloth soaked in gasoline.100 m2raskhoduetsya 110.2 m2 of tiles, and 80 kg of mastic BKM.
Panels of linoleum laid on the prepared
Fig.7. Using a mallet
basis, subject to the following rules.Panels must ulezhatsya, located in the direction of the length of the light from the windows.Exceptions are corridors and rooms with a pronounced direction of movement of people.In this case, the cloth is laid along the moving direction.In living rooms and rooms to 25 m2 should be no more than two longitudinal seams.This also applies to welded carpets.
Fig.8. Bonding linoleum
Law Code, mature and slaughtered sheet raised, fold it in half, without moving from their seats and pour at the base of the bucket mastic (Fig. 8).Adhesive mixture is spread semicircular motion spatula, a layer thickness of 0.5-0.8 mm.
Then, standing on a sheet with both feet on the ground rolled linoleum coated with mastic and rolled a foot roller glued surface of the sheet from the middle to the edges.Just lay the other half of the sheet.
Fig.9.obrabotka outer corner
To handle the outer corner, you need to press the sheet to the corner and fold the excess material, then cut the sheet so that it could be in place and finally cut the extra piece (Fig. 9).
for cutting sheet riser pattern made out of cardboard, measuring the square around the pipe, and it is drawn on cardboard, and then on the sheet.