Building robots: present and future technologies

By Admin | Building
12 May 2016

scientists, engineers and architects have come close to that, to realize the dream of millions of earthlings into reality.They are working on remotely controlled machines, able to conduct construction works practically without human intervention.It gives hope that in the near future to replace Khrushchev come comfortable and low cost flats.

told our readers and participants forumhouse.ru about new opportunities the use of robots in construction.

House with a winter garden and a heated pool on the roof, cars are not built in the years and months, and within a week - is not it the dream of modern man?But while it is only about the individual construction processes.For example, Construction Robotics in New York developed robota- "bricklayer", which specializes in automated laying bricks.That would be a machine - everyone who builds himself a house!

And for those who want not just about a comfortable home, and present the art object, the Swiss firm Gramazio & amp;Kohler offers to create custom brickwo

rk: according to the programmed 3D-model robot places the bricks are not orderly, and wavy lines, as if drawing a picture.

In this photo presented Gantenbein winery building in Switzerland: Masonry, created a robot resembles a vine.

would be useful "on the farm" and another useful assistant.A student from the Swedish Institute of Omer Hekayomeroglu ERO invented robot crawler.It "erases" layer of concrete from the wall and leaves untouched fittings - for re-use, and even cleans it from rust.

Such "concrete eater" can be used for demolition work.The machine operates on the principle of a vacuum cleaner (when it works "blow-out"), removing the concrete with the help of powerful water jets.At the exit - peeled and packaged concrete, which is sent to the processing station.

These robots work without dust and do not leave garbage, thereby eliminating builders of people from having to breathe noxious substances demolition.Moreover, what was once dispatched to the trash can now be transported to the processing.Yes, and if you use your water is again absorbed into the system and used again.Solid savings!

promising direction in the use of building robots is also an examination of building structures.For example, designers of the American company FTD Highrise Inspection Inspector developed an electronic, capable of moving along the surface of the building, taking pictures, which can be seen defects - cracks, corrosion, chipping ..

Another advantage of building robots is their ability to operate in remote andconfined spaces - the tunnels, basements, at the height - where to be dangerous to humans.Also, using electronic machines, scientists expect to significantly reduce the time of construction of buildings.

expected that robots will be able to assemble the frame two-story house for the day and reduce the cost of construction of five times.

developing such miracle machines simultaneously conduct several research groups around the world: researchers Southern University of California, Los Angeles, School of Engineering experts at the University of Loughborough in the UK, Russia - participants of the project «Minibuilders» under the direction of Peter Novikov andSasha Jokic and others.

As planned by the scientists, the house will soon be possible to "print" the 3D-printer: computer-controlled machine in accordance with the programmed architectural plan will build their own building.

only "but" - yet these machines can print only small fragments, but not the whole building (just imagine, what size would require a printer!).However, researchers from the IAAC (Institute of Contemporary Architecture of Catalonia), recently found out.Scientists have proposed a "print" the house in stages.To do this, they developed a mobile 3D-printers «Minibuilder» («Mini-Builder").

machines of small size (the largest - width 42 cm) can be printed constructions of all sizes, making it layer by layer.Robots work four, each "working" - its functions, which are coordinated by a central computer.

example, «Supplier» («Supplier") delivers liquid construction materials to the site.Second - «Foundation» («Formers") - is building the foundation.Third, «Grip» («Grab"), builds walls, drying them immediately fitted hairdryers.Once it starts walls to ceilings, windows and doorways.Fourth, «Vacuum» («Vacuum"), sticks to surfaces by means of vacuum suction cups and render over them.

Developers 3D-technology building and experimenting with materials: Use a fast solution hardening plaster and concrete, a mixture of marble powder and thermostatically polymers.It is planned to develop the use of "smart" shape memory materials or materials that react to light.

And, of course, with the help of robots building architects can create buildings of any shape.For example, such as the project of the London architectural bureau «Softkill design».

In this photo represented one-storey building resembling a butterfly cocoon.It is completely made out of 3D-printed plastic components.The developers claim that the print of all parts of the house will need three weeks, and the assembly - just one day.

As they say in forumhouse.ru, «cool soon all of us will make robots".And while we are waiting for this moment, we can participate in the discussion of robots here and learn more about the technology of the future for home and garden in this thread of our forum.