Background, or $ 3 saved 3000
House construction began with the manufacturing layout, which was made from two sheets of ceiling tile and a tube of rubber cement.Straws for a cocktail served with ventilation and sewage pipes.Plumbing, wiring and heating were just drawn, and where communications were placed during construction, they were inserted pieces of conventional foam.Even the furniture was made for this castle!
Of course, it would be foolish to rely on their knowledge in the field of construction, which at that time did not exist.They began to search for information on the Internet.World "web", "pleased" the abundance of all sorts of new products and recommendations.To understand all this was not under force, and then in the search box have been introduced just two words: "Error building."With this phrase found a lot of information on the topic of how not to build, but the situation with the construction of their own home has become clear: were selected construction materials, heating systems,
Construction lasted from 2003 to 2007, erected the beauty of a 3 person, father and two sons - all three of them previously had no idea about the construction!However, certain requirements for the future home already had:
1. Be sure to be a basement in which there are all communications, gym and space for various activities of children.
2. floors.The most expensive in the construction of any house - roof and foundation.It was therefore decided to allocate an area on the floors.Thus, you can save on construction and maintenance of the house, as well as separate sleeping part of the guest, so that the owner says, "Do not carry the dirt."
3. Warm and sturdy walls can be only when the base plate.The denser the insulation is, the more he got, and "Termoshuba" - worse.Therefore, the walls were built as follows: the block on "edge" (20 cm) - the loose mineral wool (15 cm) - block on "edge" (20 cm).The walls are plastered on both sides, and the outside paint painted "Lakra."The design was very warm and "breathing".
4. Attic.Insulate the whole roof - it's expensive.After all, if you follow the construction technology, the most expensive housing is obtained under the roof!Therefore, it was decided to leave the attic uninhabited, but ventilated and warmed only ceilings.
5. Roof.It was decided to do a good truss system and cover the roof Ondulin - as they say, cheap and cheerful.
Unfortunately, because of the high groundwater level (1-1.5 meters) from the basement had to give up and do the ground floor (90 sq m), where the gym and utility room.The house has two full floors: the first (100 sq. M), living room, dining room, kitchen, and the second (120 m) - 4 bedrooms and a sitting area.
Again because of the proximity of groundwater had a strip foundations to do good drainage: Full and perimeter drains located with access to a well, which is poured on top of a 30 cm layer of gravel and made screed.In the well has an automatic pump ("frog").Waterproofing of the basement floor is completely absent, and did not need it - the drainage system works well.
foundation consists of a "cushion" and laying out 40 FSB-3 level.To lay the foundation blocks, had to use the services of the crane, bearing in mind that in all the corners had to insert a tube for the wires - the excess, subsequently, were simply closed foam.
Since the house has no internal load-bearing walls and concrete slabs, ceiling slabs lie on the bolt, so the internal layout - free.Such floors are made of concrete, but the ceiling of the first floor is finished in three levels gypsum boards, and the frame is divided into sections, thereby creating soundproof "cushion".Another supporting structure is a steel column, which stands on a concrete cube.It keeps the "tail" supporting beam, and the top is insulated concrete slab.
When choosing a heating had the following objectives: reliability, independence from power, efficiency, flexibility and control.After reading a lot of information on this subject, we stopped on the heating system on the principle of primary-secondary rings.Here's why:
Any heating system needs "heating circuit" when the ring is a method for each circuit is put your pump, which is a low-power, and therefore - economical.Besides, it does not require the use of non-return valves.Because of the lack of precision mechanics, control only by adjusting the pump output is out of action less likely than failure of the valve, in addition it will not affect the system as a whole.It should also be noted that the cost of the pump is relatively small.The main feature of this system is that it does not allow the boiler to enter the "dew point", thereby prolonging its lifespan.Also serving this heating system does not require hydraulic balancing and control logic necessary minimum.
were bought two boilers AOGV-11 (simple, cheap and durable) and placed in parallel.For indirect heating boiler installed at 150 liters.Wiring to the risers made of copper pipe, which at the time were relatively inexpensive.All of the ground floor are made underfloor heating and radiators installed on the second Kermit (1.5 m 4 pieces).Connect a separate towel radiator to the pump.
control logic : ring (gidrokollektor) consists of a copper tube having a plurality of tees, it has imposed on the heat exchanger of the boiler is obtained.One of the objectives was to get rid of a particular model of boiler, in addition to such piping is provided access to a solar collector.Used boiler works with wood.Pump circuits are controlled by timers aquarium (5 units), where each hour is divided into 4, and you can adjust the supply of heat at the right time and the right place.
pump uses low power with an autopilot, pressure and temperature sensors, but one "but" - they are expensive (WILO Typ Star E25 / 1-3).However, all paid off in the piping because the relief valves, and bypasses were not needed.Pressure pumps linear.In addition, they are energy efficient.Pumps work according to this principle: in the ring set the overall balance, and then each circuit takes the energy at the right time set by a timer (morning, afternoon, evening or night).
The primary ring is a conventional pump controlled by a temperature sensor, which is located upstream of the pump.There is also a thermostat with control from 0 to +90 degrees.You can use for this purpose the relay from the washing machine, which is a spray with capillary tube terminating regulator and contacts.Thus regulator must set the lower temperature return pipe (for example, boiler feed exits 60 degrees, so in the return pipe optimum temperature should be 42 degrees), and the power switch is governed by the flow rate of the pump.Thereafter, the system will have to work automatically.Thermometers for heating were installed road on which it is convenient to watch the temperature of the flow and return.They cost from $ 5thing.
ventilation system - forced supply recovery and air preparation.Under this system, indoor ventilation dust practically none.Operating Principles:
Pritochka. On the street, on the north side at the level of the cap is an air intake, a two-channel fan, passed through a 120 cu.m / h, and filters.Two steeply curved pipe air is fed into the body of the refrigerator in which there are:
- two automobile radiators connected to the heating system before, and now - to the recuperator to the boiler, which contributes to heating of the air;
- DRL-120 lamp, which kills ultraviolet ozonizes all microorganisms, including 20 minutes of each hour;
- bowl with sea salt and peel from lemons and oranges - to smell.
from the refrigerator, performing the role of the receiver (mutes the sound of the fans) go 4 Steep tubes to each room.Outdoor fans run loud, and when air enters the refrigerator, the sound is extinguished (working on the principle of the automobile muffler).All of 30 cm from the floor are grilles with shutters to allow the air flow direction in the desired direction.Air flow regulated fans (up to 220 m³ / h).
Hood. channels of bathrooms and kitchen have their own separate pipes and onto the street.In winter, the whole system is looped and a specially created link goes down, where the land is located in a greenhouse pump- "snail", sucking dirty air out of the house, which is not harmful to plants.The greenhouse made of polyethylene and is designed for 50 cbmand because it enters the air from the entire area of the house (700 cubic meters) in the winter there is growing fresh herbs.In addition, increased pressure in the greenhouse, and the power of the fan is adjustable.
Ventilation pipes made of conventional plastic, which can pick up a variety of adapters.Collect them easily: with a hair dryer such pipes are fixed to one another tightly.A special feature is that each room has its own ventilation pipe leads.Only the ventilation ducts in the kitchen and bathrooms are equipped with check valves and the air goes out of the house by a special tube.The entire ventilation system cost approximately 500 USD, considering that on the first floor all the windows are made "blind", it is quite inexpensive.
Interior decoration is as follows: the ceilings are made of plasterboard to level 2-3;floors on the ground floor are tiled, and the second - laminate;An internal staircase is made of wood (oak);the walls in the living room are covered with wallpaper, and other rooms are painted with paint Samtex-7 from Caparol.
In general, the house has received practical and airtight, which is especially important when one of the neighbors begin to burn grass or garbage.And here is the second year the family lived in his own castle, albeit small, in the south of Belarus in Brest.Perhaps that hosts the motto "My house - my fortress" will not ring hollow.After all, what could be more expensive and more reliable than a house built with his own hands "from" and "to"?