When the drought threatened the garden, you take up the hose, sprinkler or watering can.If you want to keep your garden in order and reduce the consumption of pods to a minimum, try to establish a system of drip irrigation.It takes water plants exactly where they need it, that is, to the roots.
Drip irrigation uses water for 30-50% less than the sprinkler, and most importantly - reduces the risk of plant disease and reduce the need for weeding.
With a well-planned system of drip irrigation water is obtained only those plants that need it.You can be watered separately each row of vegetables and easily change the design in accordance with our plan planting season.
begin with "head»
drip system consists of three main parts."Head" of the closest to the sources of water supply and consists of a pressure regulator, check valve and filter.
pressure regulator maintains lo
return valve prevents pollutants (manure, compost) and enter the source water.
Since drip system has small holes that are easily clogged, as a filter you can buy fine mesh, corrosion resistant stainless steel mesh (like a fine filter fuel vehicle).
If you purchase a special controller, watering will be carried out and the desired time.But first make sure it is suitable for your system.If you add to an automatic irrigation system, a humidity sensor, the controller will stop watering when the soil moisture is sufficient.
«Body" irrigation system
This hard plastic hose (water main), in which water flows from the tap.For a large area of the garden need a hose with a diameter of 2.5 cm (2.0 and can be).Hose diameter of 1.25 cm is only suitable for small areas.The garden is divided into zones, you can use the collector (distributor) Water (construction of several valves) and bring the irrigation system to various sites.For example, a single line - to the garden, the other - to container plants.Both lines are connected to all parts of the compressor with special fittings (adapters) that do not separate at relatively low pressure
Other parts of the structure
«tail» drip system consists of parts that deliver water directly to the plants.Their set includes dropping tape (often called T-tape, a diameter of 16 mm and 22 mm), with the corresponding drippers hose (available options from 2 to 5 l / h) or porous drip line.All these parts perform the same work - allow the water to pass through the tiny holes and wet the ground around the roots of plants.Better gain dropper compensating the water pressure in the system.It promotes uniform distribution of water throughout the garden, even if the line goes up or down the hill.The length of the drip tape or hose that extends from the main pipe (bodies) must not exceed 60 meters.
Often gardeners who use sprinklers and other systems High volume, deliberately reduce the time watering plants.Actually drip calculated na 2.25 l / h, actually requires at least an hour to let the most 2.25 liters of water.
Components of a drip irrigation system
Drip tape, or a T-tape.
Well suited for flat and has a series of small holes every 15-30 cm. Be careful not to damage the hoe or other garden tools.It is advisable to attach metal or plastic tape mounts.More durable but more expensive option - the pipeline with relevant droppers.
switches.This taps, which are used for switching the water supply to each line.
nozzles at the ends of lines.Use the nozzle to stop the flow of water at the end of the drip tape
drip system to function properly and effectively, you need to regularly take care of it.
Problems often occur in the joints of some parts with others.Remove the caps on the ends of the pipe and flush the system.Do this at least once a year.
If you live in a cold area, you need to prepare your system for the winter.Remove the filter and check valve and keep them protected from the cold place.At the end of the season it is very important to blow the water out of the system.You can use the portable air compressor.
Plan your needs
Measure how long you want the pipes to water the garden.
Measure the length you need drip tape.Plan one tape line and one off valve on one row.
Determine the amount of water that can give your water an hour, and calculate the amount that you need to provide the system with water (the amount of intravenous multiply their capacity).
plants with similar water requirements Plant together, so they can be sipped while
Flower beds and borders
Drip irrigation system for landscape plantings require more careful planning because, as a rule, established a permanent place.It is important to know the needs of your plants in the water and the structure of roots.Scroll to the garden area with moisture-loving plants and group them together in a single line, and undemanding water - to another.The landscape plantings can be buried under the drip line mulch.If you want to place the pipe where they will cross the lawn or driveway, pre-call utilities and define the place of underground utilities
feed or water the
Along with irrigation to deliver liquid fertilizer to the plants via drip systemnot worth it.Better to leave the technology for commercial application.Fertilizers can be sucked back into the source of the water and contaminate it.