Secrets of "smart" irrigation

By Admin | Garden, Garden
17 May 2016

But not all so simple.There are many other factors - the type of soil, amount of sun, wind strength, the type of plants, weather conditions, cultivation practices - all affect the need for watering.By judicious watering, taking into account all these factors, you can save considerable amount of water to be used while creating a wonderful landscape.

Examine your garden

must first deal with the type of soil.To determine the required amount of water and frequency of watering is necessary to determine what kind of soil you have - sand, loam (soil consisting of a mixture of clay, silt and sand), clay.This indicator can be defined as self and surrender of soil samples for analysis.Sandy soil is characterized by the presence of large particles, who allows water and nutrients to leak and quickly washed away, and in the garden, on the lawn is nizkoplodorodnaya land that dries very quickly.Clay soil has small particles that are so close to each other that between them there is very little space.The resulting

clay soil passes poorly water, air, and also greatly compacted.

To improve the properties of water retention in these types of soil is recommended to add organic matter - compost, peat moss, composted manure.Sandy soil with the addition of compost will better retain water and nutrients.In clay soil after the addition of compost will increase the distance between particles, thus, oxygen would be better to penetrate to the roots of plants, and improve drainage.When you add compost to the soil improves both types of balance of water, oxygen and nutrients in the soil, so that it becomes easier to grow healthy plants - provided applications with less effort on the part of the gardener.

is also necessary to determine the amount of light falling on a particular area of ​​your garden - bright sun, partial shade, shade.Logically, it is clear that areas which gets more sunlight and are more "substituted" winds need to be watered more often than a more secure and pritemnennye sites.

correct choice of plants for specific areas

When planning the planting of certain plants, remember that you need to choose crops that grow well in the type of soil is your garden.If you want to minimize the watering or if you have sandy soil, you should choose low plants - stonecrop, honeysuckle - are hardy to drought and require less water.These plants like Helon and dogwood that love moist soil will not grow in such conditions.

«Smart" cultivation

Proper distribution of plants in the garden is also significantly affects the necessary level of irrigation.If you put plants close to each other, they begin to clash, fighting for resources such as water and nutrients.When planting, consider the size of the adult plants, both above and below ground.

organic mulch - wood chips, shredded bark, pine needles, straw, shredded grass and leaves - an indispensable tool in saving water for irrigation.Seven - ten inch layer of mulch keeps the soil temperature and acts as a barrier that slows down the evaporation of moisture.Gets results - reducing fluctuations in soil moisture and increasing the amount of water supplied to the plant roots, which improves the growth of roots and at the same time reduces the need for irrigation.In addition, decomposition of organic mulch soil receives additional organic materials which also improve the soil's ability to retain water.

Mulch prevents weed growth, providing greater flow of water to the established plants that shape the landscape.

Woody plants and lawn grass do not mix well.All owners of private homes tend to plant sun-loving species of grass in the shade of trees.But because of the density close to the surface of the ground, the roots of grass cover the whole space, and on which the roots of trees and shrubs, absorbing a large amount of moisture.This becomes a significant problem during dry periods, when woody plants are paid two times less moisture.Replacing the turf around the trees and bushes of organic mulch eliminates this problem and reduces the need for irrigation - will no longer need to pour a lot of water on the grass, trying to save and grass growing in the shade, and woody plants, the roots of which loses moisture.From the soil, covered by a layer of mulch, moisture evaporates much less.

Proper watering

How do you know when you need to be watered?As a rule, you do not need to be watered often (but before the plants become lethargic) and abundantly.If watered frequently and liberally, the roots of the plant will be located at the surface of the earth, because of what the plant can not survive in the hot and dry weather conditions and summer months.With infrequent, but abundant watering the roots will grow deep in search of water, making the plants become more tolerant to dry weather.

It must be remembered that the need to increase watering, subject to availability of sandy soil, high temperatures, high wind speed, in times of drought, if the plants have been planted recently.Watering is necessary in the early morning when evaporation will not be as strong.

Another condition economical watering is watering plant root zone of location - can be watered by hand or use a drip irrigation - the slow watering plants directly to the root zone using a pipe located under the ground.Water is absorbed slowly, penetrating more deeply into the soil, thus getting directly to the roots, helping to maintain a proper balance of water and air in the soil.Water is not wasted greatly reduced evaporation rate, the outflow of water and wind blowing the water.

Another condition economical watering is watering plant root zone of location - can be watered by hand or use a drip irrigation - the slow watering plants directly to the root zone using a pipe located under the ground.Water is absorbed slowly, penetrating more deeply into the soil, thus getting directly to the roots, helping to maintain a proper balance of water and air in the soil.Water is not wasted greatly reduced evaporation rate, the outflow of water and wind blowing the water.

how effectively the system of automatic water spray?The design of automatic water spray system determines its effectiveness.But an effective system of irrigation may wasting water if it is programmed to too frequent or continuous operation.Initial setup and seasonal regulation of the automatic sprinkler should be based on the type of plants they need for watering, soil type, the seasonal temperature and humidity, and exposure to sunlight and wind.If you use the seasonal adjustment, you will not only reduce water consumption but also to make your plants healthier.Ideally, if a programmable irrigation system has sensors rain.They serve to turn off irrigation systems during rainy weather condition.Of course, you can control the irrigation system manually, but for those who are often away from home, such sensors are an excellent alternative.