Of the thousands of species of edible mushrooms man managed to "tame" a total of about a hundred - and now they can be grown in the garden.And not only for culinary use and not because they are useful - the mushrooms themselves are very picturesque.And have another valuable quality - processed wood and other garden residues into humus.
By the way, in the world balance of soil, they create twice as much humus than earthworms.However, not all species are suitable for the garden.For example, a well-known honey agaric autumn dwells not only on dead wood, but also on living trees and can kill them.
So what can grow in your garden?
Why are they so capricious
immediately warned to harvest white, aspen, chanterelles, milk mushrooms or truffles you will not succeed.Do not even try.The fact that these fungi forming mycorrhi
So even if you manage to settle in the garden mushrooms, moving them back together with spruce, this hardly ever happens.No change with the tree or tree roots watering mushroom infusion does not guarantee that the mycelium is accustomed.
Can you outwit them?
There are some mushrooms, "soil" which serves as litter.It - koltseviki, morels, large colorful umbrellas, mushrooms and others.They can "cheat" - to put on the compost litter prepared from the straw, leaves, grass and manure.Technology breeding litter mushrooms is quite complicated and time consuming.Therefore it is better to choose for the garden one or more tree species that are good (but slow: the first harvest can be expected no earlier than one year) are growing at intervals of logs on the stumps deciduous trees and on a specially prepared substrate of the ground twigs.
who agree to live in the garden
What qualities must have the mushrooms, suitable for growing in your yard?Of course, to be tasty and healthy - this is the first indispensable condition.Do not interfere, and a "handsome" - about garden design, too, should not be forgotten.Finally, for central Russia hardiness important factor: the harsh winters can ruin the fruits of labor of the gardener-mushroom grower.
these conditions are associated with different grades of oyster, shiitake winter hardy strain, summer honey agaric (national origin), edible grade honey agaric folioty and winter.
Oyster mushroom or oyster
This is the most common type of oyster.It not only edible but also curative, because it contains all the essential amino acids, and almost all the vitamins, including vitamin D is not in the fruits and vegetables.The quality and taste of the flesh will be good only if fruiting bodies are collected on time, as long as they have not yet become rigid.
Oyster is safe for the garden, because live trees are not a parasite.Under natural conditions it grows in deciduous forests in the south and central Russia.And for the "launch" of fruiting it needs a so-called cold shock - a sharp temperature drop, that is, its reduction of at least 10 ° C for at least 2 days.
Hybrids of this kind with the American oyster (more heat-loving and not so tasty) can bear fruit without cold shock.Strain NK-35 will stand the winter at -35 ° C.It grows well on the logs and on substrates of chopped branches.Fruiting at nighttime temperatures from O ° C to +18 ° C - from April to November.In this class of fungi grown outdoors, light brown (if they were growing at a high temperature) of the cap or completely dark (low).
lemon Oyster and oyster pink , or as it is often called the "Flamingo" in Southeast Asia.Edible and medicinal, but less tasty than the oyster mushroom.Safe Garden for live trees not settle.Beautiful splices citric oyster bright yellow and pink fruits oyster "Flamingo" - a natural decorative feature shady corners.
especially beautiful red and pink "flamingo" by the end of autumn - the color becomes saturated, bright.They are grown on logs on the same technology as the oyster mushroom.Able to bear fruit when night temperatures between + 4 ° C to + 2 ° C.
Shiitake , strain CT-10.Edible, curative, one of the most delicious of cultivated mushrooms.After boiling preserves dark-colored cap.It has immunomodulatory effects when consumed regularly provides antitumor protection.
Safe Garden.May bear fruit in a shady corner, and in the area of ponds and fountains, springs, and swimming in during de logs.It grows well on crushed substrates, and on logs.Fruiting at a temperature of + 10 ° C to +25 ° C.When the night it was not below +4 ° C, fruiting begins in daylight warming air to +15 ° C.
Summer honey agaric. Mushroom, familiar to residents of Central Russia.It features an abundance of small and thin fruiting bodies.Hats are edible and tasty, and the woody stem.
Safe Garden.It can grow to lengths of logs - mycelium brings the winter.Fruiting at high humidity.Converts wood logs in the so-called mikodrevesinu - it is used for carving, and as thermal insulation material.
Winter estimates of location. edible, curative, can grow on logs.Well hibernates under the conditions of Central Russia.Unfortunately, parasitic on willow and some other kinds of live trees, so garden and woods unsafe.Ideal for breeding winter Armillaria - cellar or basement.
pholiota edible .Mushroom delicious, like a honey agaric autumn, but more meaty.It grows in conditions of high humidity (90-95%).Without special shelters and additional humidification will not bear fruit.
growing on logs
All wood mushrooms can be grown only on the logs of hardwood - birch, willow, alder, maple.The trunks of the pine trees and stone rocks for these purposes are not used.
logs for better seeding to harvest and store in late autumn and winter: in the warm season the wood quickly occupied putrid microflora.Deadwood, trees infected with stem rot, and the old half-decayed wood for cultivation of mushrooms do not fit - in their tissues are too many "competitors", the mycelium will grow poorly or not at all able to settle down.
logs harvested from the trunks of living healthy trees that spring to settle their mycelium.Mushrooms growing on log segments, fruit 2-3 times a year for 5-7 years.
're going to do, "mushroom business," the gardener should consider how this may affect the appearance of his garden.Another important consideration - whether it is convenient to work with segments of logs?After all, they are quite massive and bulky thickness block of wood should be at least 20 cm, length - 40 cm
Those who this method seems too time consuming and costly, and to whom it is a pity to destroy healthy trees can offer more light and intense method: sowsubstrate mycelium of the ground twigs.With this technology the mushrooms give higher yield and fruit more often - from spring to late autumn.Sprawling mycelium binds and "cements" substrate particles, making it uniform and durable.Substrate blocks germinated mycelium, can be released from the polyethylene sheath and hide kraft paper or burlap.
* Mycorrhiza (gribokoren) - introduction of mycelium in the root, which provides a symbiosis that is mutually beneficial co-existence of fungal mycelium and roots of higher plants.Actually mycelium of mycorrhizal fungus itself is, and what appears on the surface of the earth, and mushroom pickers than hunt - its fruit body.